Under the Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act (FCMA), managers are required to use the best scientific information available in the preparation of federal fishery management plans (National Standard 2 in the FCMA). However, the Act provides no further guidance as to how conformance to this standard should be determined. Because adherence to this standard has often been contentious, Congress has considered adding a definition for what constitutes best scientific information available in the reauthorization of the FCMA. This report examines both the current application and the controversy over the standard and concludes that a legislative definition would be too inflexible to accommodate regional differences and future advances in science and technology. Instead, the report recommends that NOAA Fisheries adopt procedural guidelines to ensure that the scientific information used in the development of fishery management plans is relevant and timely and is the product of processes characterized by inclusiveness, transparency and openness, timeliness, and peer review.
Table of Contents
|2 National Standard 2: From Origin to Application||17-40|
|3 Characterizing “Best Scientific Information Available”||41-50|
|4 Findings and Recommendations||51-62|
|Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies||67-72|
|Appendix B: Participants at the Workshop on Defining Best Available Science for Fisheries Management||73-74|
|Appendix C: Questionnaires Sent to Fishery Management Councils and Fisheries Science Centers||75-78|
|Appendix D: Regulations Supporting Fishery Management Plan Development and National Standard 2 of the Magnuson-Stevens Act||79-82|
|Appendix E: Acronyms||83-84|
|Appendix F: Compilation of Science Center and Management Council Reports and Committees||85-94|
|Appendix G: Scientific Information in Fisheries Management: The Report of a Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education Fisheries Workshop||95-98|
|Appendix H: Recent Case Law Support for Guidelines on “Best Scientific Information Available”||99-106|
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, please click here to view more information.