Leadership in innovation is essential to U.S. prosperity and security. In a global, knowledge-driven economy, technological innovation the transformation of new knowledge into products, processes, and services of value to society is critical to competitiveness, long-term productivity growth, and an improved quality of life. Preeminence in technological innovation depends on a wide array of factors, one of which is leadership in engineering research, education, and practice. A threedecade- long decline in the share of federal investment in research and development devoted to engineering and a perceived erosion of basic, long-term engineering research capability in U.S. industry and federal laboratories have raised serious questions about the long-term health of engineering research in the United States. This book illustrates the critical role of engineering research in maintaining U.S. technological leadership; documents major challenges and opportunities facing the U.S. engineering research enterprise; and offers specific recommendations for leaders in federal and state government, industry, and universities to help strengthen U.S. engineering research in the face of intensifying global competition.
National Research Council. Engineering Research and America's Future: Meeting the Challenges of a Global Economy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2005.
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