In the past few years the United States has experienced a series of disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which have severely taxed and in many cases overwhelmed responding agencies. In all aspects of emergency management, geospatial data and tools have the potential to help save lives, limit damage, and reduce the costs of dealing with emergencies. Great strides have been made in the past four decades in the development of geospatial data and tools that describe locations of objects on the Earth's surface and make it possible for anyone with access to the Internet to witness the magnitude of a disaster. However, the effectiveness of any technology is as much about the human systems in which it is embedded as about the technology itself.
Successful Response Starts with a Map assesses the status of the use of geospatial data, tools, and infrastructure in disaster management, and recommends ways to increase and improve their use. This book explores emergency planning and response; how geospatial data and tools are currently being used in this field; the current policies that govern their use; various issues related to data accessibility and security; training; and funding. Successful Response Starts with a Map recommends significant investments be made in training of personnel, coordination among agencies, sharing of data and tools, planning and preparedness, and the tools themselves.
Table of Contents
|2 Thinking About Worst Cases: Real and Hypothetical Examples||25-46|
|3 Emergency Management Framework||47-86|
|4 The Challenge: Providing Geospatial Data, Tools, and Information Where and When They Are Needed||87-132|
|5 Guidelines for Geospatial Preparedness||133-144|
|6 Concluding Comments: Looking to the Future||145-148|
|Appendix A List of Acronyms||153-158|
|Appendix B Sample Confidentiality Agreement||159-162|
|Appendix C Preparedness Checklist||163-172|
|Appendix D Workshop Agenda and Participants||173-176|
|Appendix E Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff||177-184|
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