All U.S. agencies with counterterrorism programs that collect or "mine" personal data -- such as phone records or Web sites visited -- should be required to evaluate the programs' effectiveness, lawfulness, and impacts on privacy. A framework is offered that agencies can use to evaluate such information-based programs, both classified and unclassified. The book urges Congress to re-examine existing privacy law to assess how privacy can be protected in current and future programs and recommends that any individuals harmed by violations of privacy be given a meaningful form of redress.
Two specific technologies are examined: data mining and behavioral surveillance. Regarding data mining, the book concludes that although these methods have been useful in the private sector for spotting consumer fraud, they are less helpful for counterterrorism because so little is known about what patterns indicate terrorist activity. Regarding behavioral surveillance in a counterterrorist context, the book concludes that although research and development on certain aspects of this topic are warranted, there is no scientific consensus on whether these techniques are ready for operational use at all in counterterrorism.
Table of Contents
|1 Scoping the Issue: Terrorism, Privacy, and Technology||7-43|
|2 A Framework for Evaluating Information-Based Programs to Fight Terrorism or Serve Other Important National Goals||44-66|
|3 Conclusions and Recommendations||67-102|
|Appendix A: Acronyms||105-110|
|Appendix B: Terrorism and Terrorists||111-119|
|Appendix C: Information and Information Technology||120-132|
|Appendix D: The Life Cycle of Technology, Systems, and Programs||133-136|
|Appendix E: Hypothetical and Illustrative Applications of the Framework to Various Scenarios||137-149|
|Appendix F: Privacy-Related Law and Regulation: The State of the Law and Outstanding Issues||150-165|
|Appendix G: The Jurisprudence of Privacy Law and the Need for Independent Oversight||166-184|
|Appendix H: Data Mining and Information Fusion||185-217|
|Appendix I: Illustrative Government Data Mining Programs and Activity||218-238|
|Appendix J: The Total/Terrorist Information Awareness Program||239-249|
|Appendix K: Behavioral-Surveillance Techniques and Technologies||250-262|
|Appendix L: The Science and Technology of Privacy Protection||263-280|
|Appendix M: Public Opinion Data on U.S. Attitudes Toward Government Counterterrorism Efforts||281-334|
|Appendix N: Committee and Staff Biographical Information||335-348|
|Appendix O: Meeting Participants and Other Contributors||349-352|
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, please click here to view more information.