The Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) is responsible for cleaning up radioactive waste and environmental contamination resulting from five decades of nuclear weapons production and testing. A major focus of this program involves the retrieval, processing, and immobilization of waste into stable, solid waste forms for disposal. Waste Forms Technology and Performance, a report requested by DOE-EM, examines requirements for waste form technology and performance in the cleanup program. The report provides information to DOE-EM to support improvements in methods for processing waste and selecting and fabricating waste forms. Waste Forms Technology and Performance places particular emphasis on processing technologies for high-level radioactive waste, DOE's most expensive and arguably most difficult cleanup challenge. The report's key messages are presented in ten findings and one recommendation.
Table of Contents
|1 Findings and Recommendations||3-14|
|2 Background and Study Task||15-28|
|3 Waste Forms||29-86|
|4 Waste Processing and Waste Form Production||87-118|
|5 Waste Form Testing||119-152|
|6 Waste Forms and Disposal Environments||153-174|
|7 Waste Form Performance in Disposal Systems||175-196|
|8 Legal and Regulatory Factors for Waste Form Performance||197-218|
|9 Possible Opportunities in Waste Form Science and Technology||219-240|
|Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members||243-250|
|Appendix B: Workshop on Waste Form Technology and Performance||251-254|
|Appendix C: Interim Report||255-284|
|Appendix D: Glossary||285-290|
|Appendix E: Acronyms||291-294|
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