TCRP Report 115: Smartcard Interoperability Issues for the Transit Industry
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TCRP Report 115:
Smartcard Interoperability Issues for the Transit Industry
(2007)
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Overview

Authors

Description

TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Report 115: Smartcard Interoperability Issues for the Transit Industry explores interoperability; identifies information needed by public agencies to implement smartcard payment systems interoperability; examines the necessary information flows; and outlines a set of functions needed for a standard public domain application programming interface (API) that may be used in the development of a uniform application protocol data unit (APDU). The report also includes a prototype for an API and an APDU that demonstrates this "proof of concept" for International Organization for Standardization-compliant Type A and Type B cards.

Topics

  • Transportation — Public Transportation
  • Transportation — Data and Information Technology
  • Transportation — Finance

Publication Info

109 pages | 8.5 x 11
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-ix
Summary 1-2
Chapter 1 - Introduction 3-3
1.2 Elements of Fare Payment Interoperability 4-4
1.3 Interoperability Across Regions 5-5
1.4 Interoperability Beyond Transit 6-6
1.5.1 Acceptance of Contactless Bank Cards 7-8
1.5.3 Multiple Payment-Enabled Devices 9-9
1.6 Hypothetical Examples - Interoperability Between WMATA and TransLink 10-10
1.6.1 Information to Be Exchanged for Payment 11-12
1.6.3 Process for Determining the Net-Settlement Position 13-13
2.1 Management and Organizational Issues 14-14
2.1.1 Establishing a Governing Body or Project Sponsor 15-16
2.1.2 Identifying and Mitigating Operational Differences 17-17
2.1.3 Establishing a Framework for Program Funding 18-18
2.1.4 Creating a Rollout Schedule 19-19
2.1.5 Developing a Contracting Strategy 20-21
2.2.2 Funds Pool Management 22-22
2.2.3 Financial Exposure and Risk Associated with Advanced Features 23-23
2.3.2 New Processes 24-24
2.4 Equipment Design Issues 25-25
2.5.2 Supplier Behavior 26-26
2.5.3 Supplier Compliance with Available Standards 27-27
Chapter 3 - Findings of Peer Review of Interoperable Smartcard Programs 28-28
3.1.1 SmarTrip 29-33
3.1.2 TransLink 34-34
3.1.3 Chicago Card 35-35
3.1.4 Central Puget Sound Regional Fare Coordination (RFC) Project 36-36
3.1.5 Go-To Card 37-37
3.1.6 Orlando Regional Alliance for Next Generation Electronic Payment System (ORANGES) 38-38
3.1.7 Go Ventura 39-39
3.1.8 Transit Access Pass (TAP) 40-40
3.1.9 Compass 41-41
3.1.10 Octopus 42-42
3.1.11 EZ-Link 43-43
3.1.12 Oyster 44-44
3.2.1 Commonalities and Differences 45-46
3.2.2 Current Trends and New Developments 47-47
3.4.2 SmarTrip 48-48
3.5 Summary 49-50
4.1 Industry Interoperability Analysis 51-51
4.2.1 Physical Layer 52-56
4.2.2 Data Layer 57-59
4.2.3 Application Layer 60-60
4.2.4 Security Layer 61-66
4.3 Gap Analysis 67-68
5.1 Development of Conceptual Fare Payment System Architecture 69-69
5.2 Identification of the Data Types 70-70
5.3.2 Operation Data Flows 71-73
6.1 Scope of the Data-Management Policy 74-74
6.2.1 Data Location 75-75
6.3 Identification of Stakeholders and Their Roles and Responsibilities 76-76
6.4 Other RequirementsPrivacy 77-77
6.5 Current Trends 78-78
7.1 Use of Standard API in Proof of Concept 79-82
7.2 Development of AFC Simulator 83-84
7.3 Demonstration 85-85
7.4 Conclusion 86-86
Chapter 8 - Conclusions 87-91
Appendix A - Set of Functionality for a Standard API 92-99
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 100-100

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