NCHRP Report 500 Volume 23: A Guide for Reducing Speeding-Related Crashes
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NCHRP Report 500 Volume 23:
A Guide for Reducing Speeding-Related Crashes
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TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 500, Vol. 23: Guidance for Implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan: A Guide for Reducing Speeding-Related Crashes provides suggested guidance on strategies that can be employed to reduce crashes involving speeding.

In 1998, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) approved its Strategic Highway Safety Plan, which was developed by the AASHTO Standing Committee for Highway Traffic Safety with the assistance of the Federal Highway Administration, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and the Transportation Research Board Committee on Transportation Safety Management. The plan includes strategies in 22 key emphasis areas that affect highway safety. The plan's goal is to reduce the annual number of highway deaths by 5,000 to 7,000. Each of the 22 emphasis areas includes strategies and an outline of what is needed to implement each strategy.

Over the last few years the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) has developed a series of guides, all of which are now available, to assist state and local agencies in reducing injuries and fatalities in targeted areas. The guides correspond to the emphasis areas outlined in the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Each guide includes a brief introduction, a general description of the problem, the strategies/countermeasures to address the problem, and a model implementation process.


Publication Info

149 pages | 8.5 x 11

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xi
Introduction 1-1
General Description of the Problem 2-2
Objectives of the Emphasis Area 3-5
Section II - Introduction 6-6
General Description of the Problem 7-8
Specific Attributes of the Problem 9-16
Section IV - Index of Strategies by Implementation Timeframe and Relative Cost 17-18
Objectives 19-21
Types of Strategies 22-22
Related Strategies for Creating a Truly Comprehensive Approach 23-23
Objective A - Set Appropriate Speed Limits 24-33
Objective B - Heighten Driver Awareness of Speeding-Related Safety Issues 34-46
Objective C - Improve Efficiency and Effectiveness of Speed Enforcement Efforts 47-65
Objective D - Communicate Appropriate Speeds through Use of Traffic Control Devices 66-82
Objective E - Ensure Roadway Design and Traffic Control Elements Support Appropriate and Safe Speeds 83-104
Outline for a Model Implementation Process 105-105
Overview of the Model Process 106-108
Implementation Step 1: Identify and Define the Problem 109-112
Implementation Step 2: Recruit Appropriate Participants for the Program 113-114
Implementation Step 3: Establish Crash Reduction Goals 115-115
Implementation Step 4: Develop Program Policies, Guidelines, and Specifications 116-116
Implementation Step 5: Develop Alternative Approaches to Addressing the Problem 117-118
Implementation Step 6: Evaluate Alternatives and Select a Plan 119-120
Implementation Step 7: Submit Recommendations for Action by Top Management 121-121
Implementation Step 8: Develop a Plan of Action 122-123
Implementation Step 9: Establish Foundations for Implementing the Program 124-124
Implementation Step 10: Carry Out the Action Plan 125-125
Implementation Step 11: Assess and Transition the Program 126-127
Section VII - Key References 128-136
Appendixes 137-137
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 138-138

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