TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Report 95: Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes, Chapter 19 - Employer and Institutional TDM Strategies pair-uses wise comparisons to explore the relative importance of particular categories of TDM strategies, such as support versus incentives, as well as the particular strategies themselves, such as transit subsidy versus a high-occupancy vehicle parking discount.
TDM (transportation demand management or travel demand management) is a process that can encompass a variety of measures intended to influence travel choices. TDM is used to manage heavy traffic demand and parking requirements, and to enhance the effectiveness of transit services.
This report is part of TCRP's Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes Handbook series. The overarching objective of the Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes Handbook is to equip members of the transportation profession with a comprehensive, readily accessible, interpretive documentation of results and experience obtained across the United States and elsewhere from (1) different types of transportation system changes and policy actions and (2) alternative land use and site development design approaches.
The Handbook, organized for simultaneous print and electronic chapter-by-chapter publication, treats each chapter essentially as a stand-alone document. Each chapter includes text and self-contained references and sources on that topic. The Handbook user should, however, be conversant with the background and guidance provided in TCRP Report 95: Chapter 1, Introduction. Upon completion of the Report 95 series, the final Chapter 1 publication will include a CD-ROM of all 19 chapters.
Table of Contents
|Overview and Summary||1-2|
|Types of TDM Strategies||3-6|
|Traveler Response Summary||12-14|
|Response by Type of TDM Strategy||15-16|
|Response to Support Actions||17-25|
|Response to Employer Transportation Services||26-39|
|Response to Incentives and Disincentives||40-60|
|Response to Alternative Work Arrangements||61-77|
|Underlying Traveler Response Factors||78-78|
|Individual Behavioral and Awareness Considerations||79-84|
|Voluntary Versus Regulatory Employer Motivation||85-90|
|Characteristics of Employer||91-97|
|Land Use and Site Design||98-101|
|Synergy and Complementarity||103-103|
|Program Development Outreach and Support||104-105|
|Site- Versus System-Level Impacts||121-128|
|Energy and Environmental Relationships||132-136|
|"Transportation Days" Marketing and Outreach Programs - Cross Westchester Expressway Corridor||141-143|
|University of Washington's U-PASS Program - Seattle, Washington||144-146|
|Staggered Work Hours in Manhattan - New York, New York||147-147|
|Lloyd District Travel Demand Management - Portland, Oregon||148-150|
|Overall TDM Program Effects over Time - Bellevue, Washington||151-155|
|Appendix A - Table 19-A - 82-Program Sample||164-172|
|How to Order TCRP Report 95||173-173|
|Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications||174-174|