ACRP Report 45: Optimizing the Use of Aircraft Deicing and Anti-Icing Fluids
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  • 104 pages
  • Downloads: 33
ACRP Report 45:
Optimizing the Use of Aircraft Deicing and Anti-Icing Fluids
(2011)
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Overview

Authors

Description

TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 45: Optimizing the Use of Aircraft Deicing and Anti-Icing Fluids provides guidance on procedures and technologies designed to help reduce the use of aircraft deicing and anti-icing fluids (ADAF) while maintaining safe aircraft operations across the wide range of winter weather conditions found in the United States and Canada.

The report includes a series of best management practices that have the potential to be immediately implemented, and highlights the detailed findings and recommendations of experiments to evaluate holdover time determination systems, spot deicing for aircraft frost removal, and ADAF dilutions.

Topics

  • Transportation — Aviation
  • Transportation — Maintenance and Preservation
  • Transportation — Operations and Traffic Management
  • Transportation — Environment
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xi
Holdover Time Variance Across an Airfield 1-1
Increased Use of Aircraft De/Anti-Icing Fluid Dilutions 2-2
Organization 3-3
Literature Review and Data Examination 4-4
Survey 5-5
Preliminary List of De/Anti-Icing Optimization Technologies and Procedures 6-6
Development of Final List of Technologies and Procedures 7-8
Focus Group Survey Inputs on Final List of Technologies and Procedures 9-16
Overall Ranking of Optimization Technologies and Procedures 17-21
Recommendations for Further Study 22-22
Recommendations for Phase II 23-23
Bibliography 24-27
Additional Testing (Winter 200809) 28-28
Equipment and Methodology for Precipitation Measurement 29-29
Sequence of Events 30-31
Tests Conducted 32-37
Scatter Diagram of Logged Data 38-40
Data Analysis 41-43
Between-Site Differences in HOT 44-46
Examination of Site Separation Distance 47-48
Examination of Lake-Effect Snowfall on HOT Differences 49-50
Comparison of HOTDS Results to Current Operational Practices 51-51
HOTDS Implementation Strategy and Timeline 52-52
Conclusions 53-53
Recommendations 54-54
References 55-55
Objective 56-56
Laboratory Tests 57-60
Focus Group Survey 61-62
Step 1: Examination of Potential Cost-Benefit Model Parameters 63-63
Step 2: Cost-Benefit Model Development and Testing 64-64
Examination of Current Government and Industry Regulations, Guidance Material, and Standards 65-65
Laboratory Tests 66-67
Focus Group Survey 68-68
Cost-Benefit Model 69-69
Conclusions 70-71
Recommendations 72-72
Suggested Research 73-73
Objective 74-74
Focus Group Survey 75-76
Step 2: Cost-Benefit Model Development and Testing 77-79
Examination of Current Government and Industry Regulations, Guidance Material, and Standards Related to the Use of Fluid Dilutions 80-80
Findings of the Focus Group Survey 81-82
Application of Findings to Current Practice 83-85
Application of Findings to Create Cost-Benefit Model 86-86
Conclusions 87-90
Recommendations 91-91
Appendixes 92-92
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 93-93

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