CTBSSP Synthesis 19: Effects of Psychoactive Chemicals on Commercial Driver Health and Performance: Stimulants, Hypnotics, Nutritional, and Other Supplements
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CTBSSP Synthesis 19:
Effects of Psychoactive Chemicals on Commercial Driver Health and Performance: Stimulants, Hypnotics, Nutritional, and Other Supplements
(2011)
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Overview

Authors

Description

TRB's Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program (CTBSSP) Synthesis 19: Effects of Psychoactive Chemicals on Commercial Driver Health and Performance: Stimulants, Hypnotics, Nutritional, and Other Supplements identifies available information and research gaps relating to the use of chemical substances by commercial drivers and is intended to provide up-to-date information to inform decision makers about the near-, mid-, and long-range planning needs for research and educational outreach programs.

The report is designed to help the commercial transportation safety community and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in addressing issues involving the proliferation and availability of psychoactive chemical substances.

Appendixes D and G to CTBSSP Synthesis 19 are available only in the pdf version of report.

Topics

  • Transportation — Motor Carriers
  • Transportation — Safety and Human Factors
  • Transportation — Vehicles and Equipment

Publication Info

134 pages | 8.5 x 11
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-x
Summary 1-2
Objectives and Scope 3-3
Methodology and Approach 4-5
Drug Definitions and Categorization 6-6
Chemical Substance Effects and Driving Performance 7-8
Drug and Alcohol Influences in Crash Statistics 9-9
Drug Influences on Performance Compared with Alcohol Effects 10-10
Influence of Chemicals on Driver Performance 11-11
Introduction to Sleep-Promoting Chemicals 12-12
Nonbenzodiazepine Sleep-Promoting Medications 13-15
Sleep-Promoting Compounds and Driving Performance 16-17
Alternative Sleep-Inducing Compounds 18-22
Second-Generation Nonsedating Antihistamines for Allergies 23-26
Stimulants and Alertness-Enhancing Compounds 27-38
Definitions of Supplements 39-39
Psychoactive Herbal Supplements 40-43
Energy Supplement Drinks, Food Bars, Candy Chews, and Others 44-47
Energy Boost Powders, Pills, Food Bars, Etc. 48-49
Introduction 50-50
Medical Examiner Survey Regarding Medications Used by Commercial Vehicle Drivers 51-51
Medications and Medication Classes 52-58
Discussion of Surveys of Medical Examiners 59-60
Summary of Medical Examiner Survey 61-61
Questionnaire Survey Results 62-64
Findings from the Literature Review 65-67
Results and Discussion of Medical Examiners Surveys 68-69
Overall Conclusions from the Survey of Medical Examiners and Motor Carrier Managers 70-70
Appendix A - Additional Research on Chemicals Affecting Performance and Health 71-78
Appendix B - U.S. Military Policies Regarding Use of Hypnotics and Stimulants 79-82
Appendix C - Nutritional Supplements for Inducing Relaxation,Tension Release, Sleep, and More 83-92
Appendix D - References 93-111
Appendix E - Bibliography of Additional Readings 112-123
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 124-124

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