Food Labeling: Toward National Uniformity
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Food Labeling:
Toward National Uniformity
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The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990 (NLEA) changed the existing regulatory framework for food labeling requirements that was shared among federal, state, and local levels of government. In addition to creating a system of mandatory nutrition labeling for foods, NLEA provided a schedule for the preemption of state and local labeling requirements that were not identical to federal provisions. Six provisions were not to be preempted until a study on the adequacy of the federal implementation of those provisions was completed.

Food Labeling is the result of that study. It presents recommendations concerning the Food and Drug Administration's implementation of the six provisions that were studied, suggestions for the future disposition of relevant state and local food labeling requirements, and views on the continuing importance of the working relationship among the various levels of government in assuring that consumers are protected from misleading label information.


  • Food and Nutrition — Policy, Reviews and Evaluations

Publication Info

256 pages | 6 x 9
ISBN: 978-0-309-04737-1

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xvi
1 Summary 1-26
2 Background of the Study 27-34
3 Contextual Factors Affecting the Regulation of Misbranded Food 35-62
4 Criteria for Determining Adequate Implementation of the Federal Statute 63-84
5 Comparison and Analysis of Federal and State Food Labeling Requirements 85-140
6 Issues Raised By States, Consumers, and Industry 141-162
Appendixes 163-164
A Provision for the State Food Labeling Study Contained in the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990 165-166
B Participants at the Public Meeting Held by the Committee on State Food Labeling, May 30, 1991 167-168
C Letter of Request Sent to State and Local Regulators and Consumer Groups by the Committee on State Food Labeling 169-172
D States Providing Written Response to the Six Questions from the Committee on State Food Labeling 173-174
E Individuals from States That Provided Information to the Committee on State Food Labeling 175-182
F State and Local Laws, Regulations, and Other Materials Submitted to the Committee on State Food Labeling 183-194
G Areas of Discrepancy Between Federal and State Food Labeling Requirements Identified by States and Consumer and Industry Groups 195-202
H State Food Labeling Requirements and Relationship to the Misbranding Provisions of Section 403 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 203-208
I Case Study: Requirements for Labeling Bottle Water 209-218
J Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff 219-224
Index 225-240
Research Tools

Suggested Citation

Institute of Medicine. Food Labeling: Toward National Uniformity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1992.

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