While major oil spills are rare, oil slicks can have disastrous environmental and economic consequences. This book summarizes research on the use of chemical dispersants: their effectiveness and limitations and the results of using them in different spill situations. Based on laboratory and field research as well as on actual case histories, this book contains a clear-cut set of recommendations for action, planning, and research. Of special interest is the chapter on the biological effects of oil itself and of oil treated with chemical dispersants.
Table of Contents
|1 Use of Oil Dispersants: History and Issues||6-27|
|2 Chemistry and Physics of Dispersants and Dispersed Oil||28-80|
|3 Toxicological Testing of Dispersants and Dispersed Oil||81-164|
|4 Intermediate-Scale Experiments and Field Studies of Dispersants Applied to Oil Spills||165-214|
|5 How Dispersants Are Used: Techniques, Logistics, Monitoring, and Application Strategies||215-238|
|6 Technical Basis of Decision Making||239-253|
|7 Conclusions and Recommendations||254-264|
|Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information||307-316|
|Appendix B: Case Studies||317-321|
|Appendix C: Conversion Factors||322-323|
|Glossary and Acronyms||324-326|
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