Recognizing the importance of wetland protection, the Bush administration in 1988 endorsed the goal of no net loss of wetlands. Specifically, it directed that filling of wetlands should be avoided, and minimized when it cannot be avoided. When filling is permitted, compensatory mitigation must be undertaken; that is, wetlands must be restored, created, enhanced, and, in exceptional cases, preserved, to replace the permitted loss of wetland area and function, such as water quality improvement within the watershed.
After more than a dozen years, the national commitment to no net loss of wetlands has been evaluated. This new book explores the adequacy of science and technology for replacing wetland function and the effectiveness of the federal program of compensatory mitigation in accomplishing the nation s goal of clean water. It examines the regulatory framework for permitting wetland filling and requiring mitigation, compares the mitigation institutions that are in use, and addresses the problems that agencies face in ensuring sustainability of mitigated wetlands over the long term.
Gleaning lessons from the mixed results of mitigation efforts to date, the book offers 10 practical guidelines for establishing and monitoring mitigated wetlands. It also recommends that federal, state, and local agencies undertake specific institutional reforms. This book will be important to anyone seeking a comprehensive understanding of the no net loss issue: policy makers, regulators, environmental scientists, educators, and wetland advocates.
Table of Contents
|2 Outcomes of Wetland Restoration and Creation||22-45|
|3 Watershed Setting||46-59|
|4 Wetland Permitting: History and Overview||60-81|
|5 Compensatory Mitigation Mechanisms Under Section 404||82-93|
|6 Mitigation Compliance||94-122|
|7 Technical Approaches Toward Achieving No Net Loss||123-137|
|8 Institutional Reforms for Enhancing Compensatory Mitigation||138-168|
|Appendix A Survey of Studies: Comparison of Mitigation and Natural Wetlands||187-198|
|Appendix B Case Studies||199-210|
|Appendix C Analyses of Soil, Plant, and Animal Communities for Mitigation Sites Compared with Reference Sites||211-216|
|Appendix D California Department of Fish and Game, South Coast Region; Guidelines for Wetland Mitigation||217-218|
|Appendix E Examples of Performance Standards for Wetland Creation and Restoration in Section 404 Permits and an Approach to Developing Performance Standards||219-233|
|Appendix F Memorandum for Commanders, Major Subordinate Commands, and District Commands, April 8, 1999||234-238|
|Appendix G Army Corps of Engineers Standard Operating Procedures for the Regulatory Program||239-284|
|Appendix H Selected Attributes of 40 Common Wetland Functional Assessment Procedures||285-291|
|Appendix I Functions, Factors, and Values Considered in Section 404 Permit Reviews||292-293|
|Appendix J Biographical Sketches of Committee Members||294-298|
Find relevant information like your own rough draft from among the thousands of reports available for free at NAP.edu. Copy and paste up to 8 pages of content—whether from your own draft or an outside article—and Reference Finder will recommend NAP publications related to your text.
View Reference Finder
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, please click here to view more information.
Loading stats for Compensating for Wetland Losses Under the Clean Water Act...