In 1988 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed two endemic fishes of the upper Klamath River basin of Oregon and California, the sucker and the Lost River sucker, as endangered under the federal Endangered Species Act (ESA). In 1997, the National Marine Fisheries Service added the Southern Oregon Northern coastal California (SONCC) coho salmon as a threatened species to the list. The leading factors attributed to the decline of these species were overfishing, blockage of migration, entrainment by water management structures, habitat degradation, nonnative species, and poor water quality.
Endangered and Threatened Fishes of the Klamath River Basin addresses the scientific aspects related to the continued survival of coho salmon and shortnose and Lost River suckers in the Klamath River. The book further examines and identifies gaps in the knowledge and scientific information needed for recovery of the listed species and proves an assessment of scientific considerations relevant to strategies for promoting the recovery of those species.
Table of Contents
|2. Land Use and Water Management||46-94|
|3. Current Status of Aquatic Ecosystems: Lakes||95-143|
|4. Current and Historical Status of River and Stream Ecosystem||144-178|
|5. Fishes of the Upper Klamath Basin||179-213|
|6. Causes of Decline and Strategies for Recovery of Klamath Basin Suckers||214-249|
|7. Fishes of the Lower Klamath Basin||250-286|
|8. Facilitating Recovery of Coho Salmon and Other Anadromous Fishes of the Klamath River||287-310|
|9. Regulatory Context: The Endangered Species Act||311-330|
|10. Adaptive Management for Ecosystem Restoration in the Klamath Basin||331-343|
|Appendix A: Statement of Task||379-380|
|Appendix B: Committee on Endangered and Threatened Fishes in the Klamath River Basin||381-384|
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