The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the President s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nation s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the hydrogen economy to assist in the development of its hydrogen R&D program. Included in the assessment were the current state of technology; future cost estimates; CO2 emissions; distribution, storage, and end use considerations; and the DOE RD&D program. The report provides an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel in the nation s future energy economy and describes a number of important challenges that must be overcome if it is to make a major energy contribution. Topics covered include the hydrogen end-use technologies, transportation, hydrogen production technologies, and transition issues for hydrogen in vehicles.
Table of Contents
|2. A Framework for Thinking About the Hydrogen Economy||11-24|
|3. The Demand Side: Hydrogen End-Use Technologies||25-36|
|4. Transportation, Distribution, and Storage of Hydrogen||37-44|
|5. Supply Chains for Hydrogen and Estimated Costs of Hydrogen Supply||45-63|
|6. Implications of a Transitionto Hydrogen in Vehicles for the U.S. Energy System||64-83|
|7. Carbon Capture and Storage||84-90|
|8. Hydrogen Production Technologies||91-105|
|9. Crosscutting Issues||106-115|
|10. Major Messages of the Report||116-122|
|Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members||127-132|
|Appendix B: Letter Report||133-136|
|Appendix C: DOE Hydrogen Program Budget||137-138|
|Appendix D: Presentations and Committee Meetings||139-140|
|Appendix E: Spreadsheet Data from Hydrogen Supply Chain Cost Analyses||141-193|
|Appendix F: U.S. Energy Systems||194-197|
|Appendix G: Hydrogen Production Technologies: Additional Discussion||198-239|
|Appendix H: Useful Conversions and Thermodynamic Properties||240-240|
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