References

AFRL (U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory). 2002. Data provided to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology. Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla.: U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory.

Aghabarari, E., and J. Varney. 1995. Electrical power system failure detection, isolation and recovery on the International Space Station Alpha. Pp. A49–A54 in Proceedings of the 30th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. D.Y. Goswami, L.D. Kannberg, T.R. Mancini, and S. Somasundaram, eds. New York, N.Y.: American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Albus, J.S., and A.M. Meystel. 2001. Engineering of Mind: An Introduction to the Science of Intelligent Systems. New York, N.Y.: Wiley.

AMCOM (U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command). 2001. Data provided to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology. Redstone Arsenal, Ala.: U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command.

Andrews, A.M. 2001. Accelerating the pace of transformation. Briefing by A. Michael Andrews, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research and Technology/Chief Scientist, to the Board on Army Science and Technology, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., December 10.

Arkin, R.C. 1992. Cooperation without communication—Multiagent schema-based robot navigation. Journal of Robotic Systems 9(3): 351– 364.

ASA (ALT) (Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisitions, Logistics, and Technology)). 2001a. Army Science and Technology Master Plan. Washington, D.C.: Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisitions, Logistics, and Technology).

ASA (ALT). 2001b. UGV Technology Roadmap. Washington, D.C.: Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisitions, Logistics, and Technology).

ASB (Army Science Board). 2001. Army Science Board FY 2000 Summer Study Final Report, Technical and Tactical Opportunities for Revolutionary Advances in Rapidly Deployable Joint Ground Forces in the 2015–2025 Era, April. Arlington, Va.: Army Science Board.

Astrom, K.J., and B. Wittenmark. 1989. Adaptive Control. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.


Balch, T., and R.C. Arkin. 1998. Behavior-based formation control for multirobot teams. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 14(6): 926–939.

Baluja, S. 1996. Evolution of an artificial neural network based autonomous land vehicle controller. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part B 26(3): 450–463.

Basu, D., and R. Paramasivam. 2000. An approach to software assisted recovery from hardware transient faults for real time systems. Pp. 264– 274 in Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability and Security (SAFECOMP 2000). F. Koornneef, and M. van der Meulen, eds. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Baydar, C.M., and K. Saitou. 2001. Automated generation of robust error recovery logic in assembly systems using genetic programming. Journal of Manufacturing Systems 20(1): 55–68.

Beni, G., and P. Liang. 1996. Pattern reconfiguration in swarms—convergence of a distributed asynchronous and bounded iterative algorithm. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 12(3): 485–490.

Bergeon, B., A. Zolghadri, Z. Benzian, J.L. Ermine, and M. Monsion. 1994. Specification of a real-time knowledge based supervision system. Pp. 571–576 in Automatic Control—World Congress 1993, Volume 2— Robust Control, Design and Software, Proceedings of the 12th Triennial World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control. G.C. Goodwin and R.J. Evans, eds. Oxford, United Kingdom: Pergamon Press, Ltd.

Bikfalvi, P., and I. Lorant. 1999. Improvements in navigation and fault diagnosis of an autonomous mobile robot. Pp. 215–221 in Proceedings of the Workshop on European Scientific and Industrial Collaboration, WESIC ’99, Promoting: Advanced Technologies in Manufacturing. G.N. Roberts and C.A.J. Tubb, eds. Newport, United Kingdom: University of Wales College.

Bill, R. 2001. Fuel Efficiency on the Battlefield. Presentation by Robert Bill, Army Research Laboratory Vehicle Technology Directorate, to the Hybrid Electric Vehicles Workshop, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, September 6, 2001.

Bozorg, M., E.M. Nebot, and H.F. Durrant-Whyte. 1998. A decentralised navigation architecture. Pp. 3413–3418 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Brooks, R.A. 1986. A robust layered control system for a mobile robot. IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation 2(1): 14–23.

Brooks, R.A., and A.M. Flynn. 1989. Fast, cheap and out of control: A robot invasion of the Solar System. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 42(10): 478–485.

Brumitt, B., and M. Hebert. 1998. Experiments in autonomous driving with concurrent goals and multiple vehicles. Pp. 1895–1902 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Brumitt, B.L., and A. Stentz. 1998. GRAMMPS: A generalized mission planner for multiple mobile robots in unstructured environments. Pp. 1564–1571 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 116
References AFRL (U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory). 2002. Data provided to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology. Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla.: U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory. Aghabarari, E., and J. Varney. 1995. Electrical power system failure detection, isolation and recovery on the International Space Station Alpha. Pp. A49–A54 in Proceedings of the 30th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. D.Y. Goswami, L.D. Kannberg, T.R. Mancini, and S. Somasundaram, eds. New York, N.Y.: American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Albus, J.S., and A.M. Meystel. 2001. Engineering of Mind: An Introduction to the Science of Intelligent Systems. New York, N.Y.: Wiley. AMCOM (U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command). 2001. Data provided to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology. Redstone Arsenal, Ala.: U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command. Andrews, A.M. 2001. Accelerating the pace of transformation. Briefing by A. Michael Andrews, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research and Technology/Chief Scientist, to the Board on Army Science and Technology, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., December 10. Arkin, R.C. 1992. Cooperation without communication—Multiagent schema-based robot navigation. Journal of Robotic Systems 9(3): 351– 364. ASA (ALT) (Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisitions, Logistics, and Technology)). 2001a. Army Science and Technology Master Plan. Washington, D.C.: Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisitions, Logistics, and Technology). ASA (ALT). 2001b. UGV Technology Roadmap. Washington, D.C.: Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisitions, Logistics, and Technology). ASB (Army Science Board). 2001. Army Science Board FY 2000 Summer Study Final Report, Technical and Tactical Opportunities for Revolutionary Advances in Rapidly Deployable Joint Ground Forces in the 2015–2025 Era, April. Arlington, Va.: Army Science Board. Astrom, K.J., and B. Wittenmark. 1989. Adaptive Control. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley. Balch, T., and R.C. Arkin. 1998. Behavior-based formation control for multirobot teams. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 14(6): 926–939. Baluja, S. 1996. Evolution of an artificial neural network based autonomous land vehicle controller. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part B 26(3): 450–463. Basu, D., and R. Paramasivam. 2000. An approach to software assisted recovery from hardware transient faults for real time systems. Pp. 264– 274 in Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability and Security (SAFECOMP 2000). F. Koornneef, and M. van der Meulen, eds. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. Baydar, C.M., and K. Saitou. 2001. Automated generation of robust error recovery logic in assembly systems using genetic programming. Journal of Manufacturing Systems 20(1): 55–68. Beni, G., and P. Liang. 1996. Pattern reconfiguration in swarms—convergence of a distributed asynchronous and bounded iterative algorithm. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 12(3): 485–490. Bergeon, B., A. Zolghadri, Z. Benzian, J.L. Ermine, and M. Monsion. 1994. Specification of a real-time knowledge based supervision system. Pp. 571–576 in Automatic Control—World Congress 1993, Volume 2— Robust Control, Design and Software, Proceedings of the 12th Triennial World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control. G.C. Goodwin and R.J. Evans, eds. Oxford, United Kingdom: Pergamon Press, Ltd. Bikfalvi, P., and I. Lorant. 1999. Improvements in navigation and fault diagnosis of an autonomous mobile robot. Pp. 215–221 in Proceedings of the Workshop on European Scientific and Industrial Collaboration, WESIC ’99, Promoting: Advanced Technologies in Manufacturing. G.N. Roberts and C.A.J. Tubb, eds. Newport, United Kingdom: University of Wales College. Bill, R. 2001. Fuel Efficiency on the Battlefield. Presentation by Robert Bill, Army Research Laboratory Vehicle Technology Directorate, to the Hybrid Electric Vehicles Workshop, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, September 6, 2001. Bozorg, M., E.M. Nebot, and H.F. Durrant-Whyte. 1998. A decentralised navigation architecture. Pp. 3413–3418 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Brooks, R.A. 1986. A robust layered control system for a mobile robot. IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation 2(1): 14–23. Brooks, R.A., and A.M. Flynn. 1989. Fast, cheap and out of control: A robot invasion of the Solar System. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 42(10): 478–485. Brumitt, B., and M. Hebert. 1998. Experiments in autonomous driving with concurrent goals and multiple vehicles. Pp. 1895–1902 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Brumitt, B.L., and A. Stentz. 1998. GRAMMPS: A generalized mission planner for multiple mobile robots in unstructured environments. Pp. 1564–1571 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

OCR for page 116
Butler, D.C. 2002. The integration of models and simulations: A life cycle approach. Presentation by David C. Butler, George Mason University, to the INCOSE Mid-Atlantic Regional Conference, Sheraton Reston Hotel, Reston, Va., April 5–8. Cao, Y.U., A.S. Fukunaga, and A.B. Kahng. 1995. Cooperative mobile robotics: Antecedents and directions. Pp. 226–234 in Proceedings of IROS ’95, The 1995 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: Human Robot Interaction and Cooperative Robots. Los Alamitos, Calif.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Computer Society Press. Carnes, J.R., and A. Misra. 1996. Model-integrated toolset for fault detection, isolation and recovery (FDIR). Pp. 356–363 in Proceedings IEEE Symposium and Workshop on Engineering of Computer-Based Systems. Los Alamitos, Calif.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Computer Society Press. Chen, C.H. 1996. Fuzzy Logic and Neural Network Handbook. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill. Chen, Q., and J.Y.S. Luh. 1994. Coordination and control of a group of small mobile robots. Pp. 2315–2320 in Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. Los Alamitos, Calif.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Computer Society Press. Choset H., and K. Nagatani. 2001. Topological simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM): Towards exact localization without explicit localization. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 17(2): 125– 137. Clements, N.S., B.S. Heck, and G. Vachrsevanos. 2000. Component based modeling and fault tolerant control of complex systems. Pp. 6F4/1–6F4/ 4 in Proceedings of the 19th Digital Avionics Systems Conference. Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Congress. 2000. Enactment of Provisions of H.R. 5408, The Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001: Conference Report to Accompany H.R. 4205. Washington, D.C.: United States Congress. Covey, S.R., A.R. Merrill, and R.R. Merrill. 1994. First Things First: To Live, To Love, To Learn, To Leave a Legacy. New York, N.Y.: Simon & Schuster. DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency). 2001. Next Generation Explosive Ordnance Disposal Remote Controlled Vehicle (NGEODRCV): Common Systems Architecture, Draft version 5, October. Arlington, Va.: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. DDR&E (Director, Defense Research and Engineering). 2002. Information Systems Technology (IST) Defense Technology Area Plan, February. Washington, D.C.: Department of Defense. Desai, J.P., J. Ostrowski, and V. Kumar. 1998. Controlling formations of multiple mobile robots. Pp. 2864–2869 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Desai, J.P., J.P. Ostrowski, and V. Kumar. 2001. Modeling and control of formations of nonholonomic mobile robots. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 17(6): 905–908. Deuker, B., M. Perrier, and B. Amy. 1998. Fault-diagnosis of subsea robots using neuro-symbolic hybrid systems. Pp. 830–834 in Proceedings of the IEEE OCEANS Conference and Exhibition on Engineering for Sustainable Use of the Oceans (OCEANS 98). New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers, Inc. Dissanayake, M.W.M.G., P. Newman, S. Clark, H.F. Durrant-Whyte, and M. Csorba. 2001. A solution to the simultaneous localization and map building (SLAM) problem. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 17(3): 229–241. Dixon, W.E., I.D. Walker, and D.M. Dawson. 2001. Fault detection for wheeled mobile robots with parametric uncertainty. Pp. 1245–1250 in Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Djath, K., M. Dufaut, and D. Wolf. 2000. Mobile robot multisensor reconfiguration. Pp. 110–115 in Proceedings of the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium 2000. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. DMSO (Defense Modeling and Simulation Office). 2001. Joint Virtual Battlespace (JVB)-Defense Modeling and Simulation Office (DMSO) Technical Exchange Meeting, May 17. DOD (Department of Defense). 2001. Department of Defense Report on the Joint Robotics Program Master Plan FY2002: Out Front in Harm’s Way. Washington, D.C.: Department of Defense. DOE (Department of Energy). 1998a. Robotics and Intelligent Systems Roadmap. Albuquerque, N. Mex.: Sandia National Laboratories. DOE. 1998b. Cost analysis of Fuel Cell Transportation, Final Report Ref 49739, SFAA No. DE-SC02-98EE50526. Washington, D.C.: Department of Energy. Dohrmann, C.R., G.R. Eisler, and R.D. Robinett. 1996. Dynamic programming approach for burnout-to-apogee guidance of precision munitions. Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics 19(2): 340–346. Dubois, L., T. Fukuda, F. Delmotte, and P. Borne. 1997. Approximate reasoning for the control of a robot in an uncertain environment: A multi-model approach. Pp. 823–828 in Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Eicker, P. 2001. Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology Roadmap. Briefing by Patrick Eicker, Director, Intelligent Systems and Robotics Center, Sandia National Laboratories, to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., August 28. Feddema J., and D. Schoenwald. 2001. Decentralized control of cooperative robotic vehicles. Pp. 136–146 in Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology III, Proceedings Of SPIE Volume 4364. G.R. Gerhart and C.M. Shoemaker, eds. Bellingham, Wash.: The International Society for Optical Engineering. Feddema, J.T., C. Lewis, P. Klarer, G.R. Eisler, and R. Caprihan. 1999. Cooperative robotic sentry vehicles. Pp. 44–54 in Sensor Fusion and Decentralized Control in Robotic Systems II, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 3839. G.T. McKee and P.S. Schenker, eds. Bellingham, Wash.: The International Society for Optical Engineering. Feddema, J., C. Lewis, and D. Schoenwald. 2002 (in press). Decentralized control of cooperative robotic vehicles: Theory and application. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation. Fukuda, T., D. Funato, K. Sekiyama, and F. Arai. 1998. Evaluation on flexibility of Swarm Intelligent System. Pp. 3210–3215 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Fukuda, T., H. Mizoguchi, K. Sekiyama, and F. Arai. 1999. Group behavior control for MARS (micro autonomous robotic system). Pp. 1550–1555 in ICRA ’99: IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Gad-el-Hak, M. 2001. The MEMS Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Goel, P., G. Dedeoglu, S.I. Roumeliotis, and G.S. Sukhatme. 2000. Fault detection and identification in a mobile robot using multiple model estimation and neural network. Pp. 2302–2309 in Proceedings of the 2000 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Goldberg, D.E. 1989. Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley. Goldsmith, S.Y., J.T. Feddema, and R.D. Robinett. 1998. Analysis of decentralized variable structure control for collective search by mobile robots. Pp. 40–47 in Sensor Fusion and Decentralized Control in Robotic Systems, Proceedings of SPIE, Volume 3523. P.S. Schenker and G.T. McKee, eds. Bellingham, Wash.: The International Society for Optical Engineering. Hancock, J., and C. Thorpe. 1995. ELVIS: Eigenvectors for land vehicle image system. Pp. 35–40 in Proceedings of IROS ’95, The 1995 IEEE/

OCR for page 116
RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: Human Robot Interaction and Cooperative Robots. K. Ikeuchi and P. Khosla, eds. Los Alamitos, Calif.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer, Inc. Society Press. Haykin, S. 1999. Neural Networks, A Comprehensive Foundation, 2nd Ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Hougen, D.F., M.D. Erickson, P.E. Rybski, S.A. Stoeter, M. Gini, and N. Papanikolopoulos. 2000. Autonomous mobile robots and distributed exploratory missions. Pp. 221–230 in Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 4 . L.E. Parker, G. Bekey, and J. Barhen, eds. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. Howard, A., H. Seraji, and E. Tunstel. 2001. A rule-based fuzzy transversability index for mobile robot navigation. Pp. 3067–3071 in Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Hsu, A., S.R. Sachs, F. Eskafi, and P. Varaiya. 1991. The design of platoon maneuvers for IVHS. Pp. 2545–2550 in Proceedings of 1991 American Control Conference. Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Hurtado, J.E., R.D. Robinett, C.R. Dohrmann, and S.Y. Goldsmith. 1998. Distributed sensing and cooperating control for swarms of robotic vehicles. Pp. 175–178 in Proceedings of the 1st IASTED International Conference on Control and Applications. M.H. Hamza, ed. Calgary, Canada: ACTA Press. Hutchinson, H. 2001. Foreign Robotics Initiatives. Briefing presented by Harold Hutchinson, U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command, to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology, U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command, Warren, Mich., September 20. INEEL (Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory). 2002. INEEL Capability: Remote, Robotics, and Automated Systems. Available online at <http://www.inel.gov/capabilities/robotics> [August 19, 2002]. Intel. 2002. Moore’s Law. Available online at <http://www.intel.com/research/silicon/mooreslaw.htm> [August 16, 2002]. Irving, P., W.L. Allan, Q. Ming, and T. Healy. 2001. Novel catalytic fuel cell reforming with advanced membrane technology. Available online at <http://www.eren.doe.gov/hydrogen/pdfs/30535r.pdf> [August 15, 2002]. Jackson, E. 1997. Real-time model-based fault detection and diagnosis for automated systems. Pp. 26–28 in Proceedings of the IEEE Industry Applications Society 1997 Dynamic Modeling Control Applications for Industry Workshop. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Jennings, J.S., G. Whelan, and W.F. Evans. 1997. Cooperative search and rescue with a team of mobile robots. Pp. 193–200 in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR 97). New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Jochem, T. 2001. Safe-TRAC Technical Brief. Available online at <http://www.assistware.com/Tech_Brief.PDF> [August 8, 2002]. Jochem, T., D. Pomerleau, and C. Thorpe. 1995a. Vision guided lane transition. Pp. 30–35 in Proceedings of the Intelligent Vehicles ’95 Symposium. Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Jochem, T.M., D.A. Pomerleau, and C.E. Thorpe. 1995b. Vision-based neural network road and intersection detection and traversal. Pp. 344–349 in Proceedings of IROS ’95, The 1995 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: Human Robot Interaction and Cooperative Robots. K. Ikeuchi and P. Khosla, eds. Los Alamitos, Calif.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Computer Society Press. Johnson, W. 2001. Information submitted by William Johnson, Program Manager, Future Combat System, to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology, September 16, 2001. Jones, J.V. 1998. Integrated Logistics Support Handbook, Special Reprint Edition. New York, N.Y.: McGraw Hill. Kadmiry, B., P. Bergsten, and D. Driankov. 2001. Autonomous helicopter control using fuzzy gain scheduling. Pp. 2980–2985 in Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Kaga, T., J. Starke, P. Molnar, M. Schanz, and T. Fukuda. 2000. Dynamic robot-target assignment—dependence of recovering from breakdowns on the speed of the selection process. Pp. 325–334 in Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 4. L.E. Parker, G. Bekey, and J. Barhen, eds. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. Kaufman, H., I. Bar-Kana, and K. Sobel. 1994. Direct Adaptive Control Algorithms: Theory and Applications. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. Kim, T.W., and J. Yuh. 2001. A novel neuro-fuzzy controller for autonomous underwater vehicles. Pp. 2350–2355 in Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Koren, Y., and J. Borenstein. 1991. Potential field methods and their inherent limitations for mobile robot navigation. Pp. 1398–1404 in Proceedings of the 1991 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. Los Alamitos, Calif.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Computer Society Press. Kosuge, K., T. Oosumi, M. Satou, K. Chiba, K. Takeo. 1998. Transportation of a single object by two decentralized-controlled nonholonomic mobile robots. Pp. 2989–2994 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Krishnamurthi, M., and D.T. Phillips. 1992. An expert system framework for machine fault-diagnosis. Computers and Industrial Engineering 22(1): 67–84. Kube, R.C., and H. Zhang. 1994. Collective robotics: From social insects to robots. Adaptive Behavior 2(2): 189–218. Lam, R.K., R.S. Doshi, D.J. Atkinson, and D.M. Lawson. 1989. Diagnosing faults in autonomous robot plan execution. Pp. 399–408 in Sensor Fusion: Spatial Reasoning and Scene Interpretation, Proceedings of SPIE Volume1003. P.S. Schenker, ed. Bellingham, Wash.: The International Society for Optical Engineering. Lamine, K.B., and F. Kabanza. 2000. Using fuzzy temporal logic for monitoring behavior-based mobile robots. Pp. 116–122 in Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference Robotics and Applications. M.H. Hamza, ed. Anaheim, Calif.: IASTED/ACTA Press. Landau, I.D., R. Lozano, and M. M’saad. 1998. Adaptive Control. New York, N.Y.: Springer. Langer, D., and C.E. Thorpe. 1997. Sonar-based outdoor vehicle navigation. Pp. 159–186 in Intelligent Unmanned Ground Vehicles: Autonomous Navigation Research at Carnegie Mellon. M. Hebert, C.E Thorpe, and A. Stentz, eds. Boston, Mass.: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Latombe, J.C. 1991. Robot Motion Planning. Boston, Mass.: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Laughery, S., G. Gerhart, and P. Muench. 2000. Evaluating mobility using Bekker’s equations. Pp. 53–61 in Proceedings of the 11th Annual Ground Target Modeling and Validation Conference. W.R. Reynolds and T.T. Macki, eds. Calumet, Mich.: Signature Research, Inc. Liu, G. 2001. Control of robot manipulators with consideration of actuator performance degradation and failures. Pp. 2566–2571 in Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Liu, Y., K.M. Passino, and M. Polycarpou. 2001. Stability analysis of one-dimensional asynchronous swarms. Pp. 716–721 in Proceedings of the 2001 American Control Conference. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Lozano-Perez, T. 1983. Spatial planning—A configuration space approach. IEEE Transactions on Computers 32(2): 108–120. Madden, M.G.M., and P.J. Nolan. 1999. Monitoring and diagnosis of multiple incipient faults using fault tree induction. IEE Proceedings-Control Theory and Applications 146(2): 204–212.

OCR for page 116
Malhiot, M. 2002. Briefing by Marshall Malhiot, Head Force Protection Branch (AFRL/MLQF), to Frank Rose, Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology, Tyndall AFB, Fla., March 15. Man, K.F., K.S. Tang, and S. Kwong. 1999. Genetic Algorithms: Concepts and designs. New York, N.Y.: Springer. Meyrowitz, A., and A. Schultz. 2002. Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence. Briefing by Alan Meyrowitz and Alan Schultz, Naval Research Laboratory to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C., March 27. Michalewicz, Z. 1992. Genetic Algorithms + Data Structures = Evolution Programs. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. Mitchell, M. 1997. An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Molnar, P., and J. Starke. 2000. Communication fault tolerance in distributed robotic systems. Pp. 99–108 in Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 4. L.E. Parker, G. Bekey, and J. Barhen, eds. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. Moore, T.N. 1985. A health monitoring system for robots. Pp. 30–34 in Proceedings of the IASTED International Symposium Advances in Robotics . M.H. Hamza, ed. Anaheim, Calif.: Acta Press. Moravec, H.P. 1999. Robot: Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press. Murphy, R.R. 2000. Introduction to AI Robotics. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Murphy, R.R., and D. Hershberger. 1999. Handling sensing failures in autonomous mobile robots. International Journal of Robotics Research 18(4): 382–400. Murphy, R.R., and E. Rogers. 2001. Human–Robot Interaction, Final Report for DARPA/NSF Study on Human–Robot Interaction. Available online at <http://www.csc.calpoly.edu/~erogers/HRI/HRI-report-final.html> [August 12, 2002]. Nikam, U., and E.L. Hall. 1997. A fault diagnostic system for a mobile robot. Pp. 186–196 in Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XVI: Algorithms, Techniques, Active Vision, and Materials Handling, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 3208. D.P. Casasent, ed. Bellingham, Wash.: The International Society for Optical Engineering. Noreils, F.R. 1992. Multi-robot coordination for battlefield strategies. Pp. 1777–1784 in Proceedings of the 1992 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Noreils, F.R. 1993. Toward a robot architecture integrating cooperation between mobile robots—Application to indoor environment. International Journal of Robotics Research 12(1): 79–98. NRC (National Research Council). 1997. Energy-Efficient Technologies for the Dismounted Soldier. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Numrich, S.M. 2002. Briefing on Modeling and Simulation Technology Overview. Briefing by S.M. Numrich, DMSO, to the Information Systems Technology (IST) Technology Area Review and Assessment (TARA), Fort Monmouth, N.J., April 16. Oates, T., and P.R. Cohen. 1996. Searching for structure in multiple streams of data. Pp. 346–354 in Machine Learning, Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML ’96). L. Saitta, ed. San Francisco, Calif.: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. Okina, S., K. Kawabata, T. Fujii, Y. Kunii, H. Asama, and I. Endo. 2000. Study of a self-diagnosis system for an autonomous mobile robot. Advanced Robotics 14(5): 339–341. ORNL (Oak Ridge National Laboratory). 2002. CESAR. Available online at <http://www.cesar.ornl.gov/robotics-index.html> [August 19, 2002]. Parker, L.E. 2000. Current state of the art in distributed autonomous mobile robotics. Pp. 3–12 in Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 4. L.E. Parker, G. Bekey, and J. Barhen, eds. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. Patel, S.A., and A.K. Kamrani. 1996. Intelligent maintenance system for robots. Pp. 74–79 in Proceedings of the Fifth Industrial Engineering Research Conference. R.G. Askin, B. Bidanda, and S. Jagdale, eds. Norcross, Ga.: Institute of Industrial Engineers. Perraju, T.S., S.P. Rana, and S.P. Sarkar. 1996. Specifying fault tolerance in mission critical systems. Pp. 24–31 in Proceedings of the IEEE High-Assurance Systems Engineering Workshop. Los Alamitos, Calif.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Computer Society Press. Pomerleau, D.A. 1992. Progress in neural network-based vision for autonomous robot driving. Pp. 391–396 in Proceedings of the Intelligent Vehicles ’92 Symposium. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Carnegie Mellon University. Portinale, L., and P. Torasso. 1999. Diagnosis as a variable assignment problem: A case study in space robot fault diagnosis. Pp. 1087–1095 in Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. T. Dean, ed. San Francisco, Calif.: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. Rae, G.J.S., and S.E. Dunn. 1994. On-line damage detection for autonomous underwater vehicles. Pp. 383–392 in Proceedings of the 1994 Symposium on Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Technology. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Rago, C., R. Prasanth, R.K. Mehra, and R. Fortenbaugh. 1998. Failure detection and identification and fault tolerant control using the IMM-KF with applications to the Eagle-Eye UAV. Pp. 4208–4213 in Proceedings of the 37th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Rajamani, R., and S.E. Shladover. 2001. An experimental comparative study of autonomous and cooperative vehicle-follower control systems. Journal of Transportation Research Part C 9(1): 15–31. Rasmussen, R.D. 2001. Goal-based fault tolerance for space systems using the mission data system. Pp. 2401–2410 in 2001 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Roumeliotis, S.I., and G.A. Bekey. 2000. Distributed multi-robot localization. Pp. 179–188 in Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 4. L.E. Parker, G. Bekey, and J. Barhen, eds. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. Roumeliotis, S.I., G.S. Sukhatme, and G.A. Bekey. 1998. Sensor fault detection and identification in a mobile robot. Pp. 1383–1388 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems—Innovations in Theory, Practice and Applications. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Schalkoff, R.J. 1997. Artificial Neural Networks. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill. Schneider, F.E., D. Wildermuth, and H.-L. Wolf. 2000. Motion coordination in formations of multiple robots using a potential field approach. Pp. 305–314 in Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 4. L.E. Parker, G. Bekey, and J. Barhen, eds. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. Schreiner, K. 2001. Hyperion project follows sun. IEEE Intelligent Systems 16(5): 4–6. Schulze, M. 1997. CHAUFFEUR—The European way towards an automated highway system. Paper No. 2311 in Proceedings of Fourth World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems. Berkeley, Calif.: ITS America at the University of California, Berkeley. SciAm (Scientific American Newsletters). 2001a. High customer demand for Cadillac night vision. Inside ITS, Scientific American Newsletters 11(15): 8. SciAm. 2001b. DaimlerChrysler demos laser headlights in “Active Night Vision” system. Inside ITS, Scientific American Newsletters 11(15): 8– 9. Sheldon, F.T., H. Mei, and S.M. Yang. 1993. Reliability prediction of distributed embedded fault-tolerant systems. Pp. 92–102 in Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering. Los Alamitos, Calif.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Computer Society Press. Shephard’s. 2001. Unmanned Vehicles Handbook 2001. Bucks, England: The Shephard Press. Shoemaker, C. 2001. ARL Robotics. Briefing by Charles Shoemaker, Robotics Program Office, Army Research Laboratory to the Committee on

OCR for page 116
Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., October 26. SIA (Semiconductor Industry Association). 2001. ITRS Roadmap. Available online at <http://public.itrs.net> [August 16, 2002]. Simonin, O., A. Liegeois, and P. Rongier. 2000. An architecture for reactive cooperation of mobile distributed robots. Pp. 35–44 in Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 4. L.E. Parker, G. Bekey, and J. Barhen, eds. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. SNL (Sandia National Laboratories). 2001. The Intelligent Systems and Robotics Center. Available online at <http://www.sandia.gov/isrc/Roboticvehicles.html> [August 19, 2002]. Soika, M. 1997. A sensor failure detection framework for autonomous mobile robots. Pp. 1735–1740 in IROS ’97, Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE/ RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robot and Systems: Innovative Robotics for Real-World Applications. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Steinvorth, R. 1991. Model reference adaptive control of robots. Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service. Stuck, E.R. 1995. Detecting and diagnosing navigational mistakes. Pp. 41– 46 in Proceedings of IROS ’95, the 1995 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: Human Robot Interaction and Cooperative Robots. Los Alamitos, Calif.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Computer Society Press. Thrun, S., D. Fox, and W. Burgard. 1998. Probabilistic mapping of an environment by a mobile robot. Pp. 1546–1551 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Toscano, M. 2001a. Joint Robotics Program Overview. Briefing by Michael Toscano, Coordinator, Joint Robotics Program Office, to the DoD Robotics Workshop, Zimmerman Associates Inc., Rosslyn, Va., February 8. Toscano, M. 2001b. Department of Defense Joint Robotics Program. Pp. 313–322 in Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology III, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 4364. G.R. Gerhart and C.M. Shoemaker, eds. Bellingham, Wash.: The International Society for Optical Engineering. Toscano, M., 2001c. Program Review of the Joint Robotics Program to the National Research Council Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology. Briefing by Michael Toscano, Coordinator, Joint Robotics Program Office, to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., August 29. Toth, J.A. 2002. Briefing on Human Behavior Representations. Briefing by Jozsef A. Toth, IDA, to the Information Systems Technology (IST) Technology Area Review and Assessment (TARA), Fort Monmouth, N.J., April 16. TRADOC (U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command). 1997. Future Operational Capability, TRADOC Pamphlet 525-66, May 1. Fort Monroe, Va.: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. TRADOC. 2001a. Statement of Required Capabilities, Future Combat System of Systems (FCS), November 2. Fort Monroe, Va.: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. TRADOC. 2001b. TRADOC Mission-Needs Statement. Fort Monroe, Va.: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. Tunstel, E., A. Howard, and H. Seraji. 2001. Fuzzy rule-based reasoning for rover safety and survivability. Pp. 1413–1420 in Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Uchibe, E., M. Asada, and K. Hosoda. 1998. Cooperative behavior acquisition in multi mobile robots environment by reinforcement learning based on state vector estimation. Pp. 1558–1563 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y. : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. UMICH (University of Michigan). 2001. Mobile Robotics Lab. Available online at <http://www.engin.umich.edu/research/mrl/index.html> [August 19, 2002]. U.S. Army. 1998. High Mobility Robotic Platform Study, Vol. 1, Contract DAAE07-98-C-L024, CDRL A002. Warren, Mich.: U.S. Army Tank-Automotive Research and Development Engineering Center. U.S. Army. 2001. Information provided to the Committee on Army Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology during a Demo III site visit to Ft. Indiantown Gap, Penn., November 14. U.S. Army. 2002. Advanced Robotics Simulation, STO IV.SN.2002.04. Orlando, Fla.: U.S. Army Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation Command. VCDS (Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff Group—Canada). 2002. VCDS Joint Experimentation Discussion Paper. Available online at <http://www.vcds.forces.ca/dgsp/dda/je/sec1_e.asp> [June 11, 2002]. Visinsky, M.L., J.R. Cavallaro, and I.D. Walker. 1995. A dynamic fault tolerance framework for remote robots. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 11(4): 477–490. Vos, D.W., and B. Motazed. 1999. The application of fault tolerance controls to UAVs. Pp. 69–75 in Navigation and Control Technologies for Unmanned Systems, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 2738. S.A. Speigle, ed. Bellingham, Wash.: The International Society for Optical Engineering. Wang, J.S., and C.S.G. Lee. 2001. Efficient neuro-fuzzy control systems for autonomous underwater vehicle control. Pp. 2986–2991 in Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Washington, R. 2000. On-board real-time state and fault identification for rovers. Available online at <http://ic.arc.nasa.gov/projects/ai-rovers/papers/washington-icra2000.pdf> [August 15, 2002]. Werblin, F., A. Jacobs, and J. Teeters. 1996. The computational eye. IEEE Spectrum 33(5): 30–37. Williamson, T.A. 1998. A High-Performance Stereo Vision System for Obstacle Detection, Ph.D. Thesis. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Carnegie Mellon University. Winfield, A.F.T. 2000. Distributed sensing and data collection via broken ad hoc wireless connected networks of mobile robots. Pp. 273–282 in Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 4. L.E. Parker, G. Bekey, and J. Barhen, eds. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag. Yamaguchi, H., and T. Arai. 1994. Distributed and autonomous control method for generating shape of multiple mobile robot group. Pp. 800– 807 in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems . New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Yamaguchi, H., and J.W. Burdick. 1998. Asymptotic stabilization of multiple nonholonomic mobile robots forming group formations. Pp. 3573– 3580 in Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Yan, T., J. Ota, A. Nakamura, T. Arai, and N. Kuwahara. 2000. Concept design of remote fault diagnosis system for autonomous mobile robots. Pp. 931–936 in Proceedings of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems. New York, N.Y., Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Yoshida, E., T. Arai, J. Ota, and T. Miki. 1994. Effect of grouping in local communication system of multiple mobile robots. Pp. 808–815 in Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE/RSJ/GI International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS ’94). New York, N.Y.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Zadeh, L.A. 1965. Fuzzy sets. Information and Control 8(3): 338–353. Zadeh, L.A. 1968a. Probability measures of fuzzy events. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 23(2): 421–427. Zadeh, L.A. 1968b. Fuzzy algorithm. Information and Control 12(2): 94– 102. Zadeh, L.A. 1971. Toward a theory of fuzzy systems. Pp. 469–490 in Aspects of Network and System Theory. R.E. Kalman and N. DeClaris, eds. New York, N.Y.: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.