work is needed to represent the education system, how reform ideas (such as standards) move through the system, and possible system and learner responses to the standards. In essence, such a “framework” represents a conceptual map—a set of organizing categories and presumed relationships among them—and a set of guiding questions to prompt inquiry within the map’s territory. Schematically, this document’s Framework can be represented as in Figure 8–1.
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8 Using the Framework ."
Investigating the Influence of Standards: A Framework for Research in Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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