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TABLE 12-1 Zinc Concentration in Human Milk

Reference

Study Group

Maternal Intake (mg/d)

Picciano and Guthrie, 1976

50 women

Not reported

Johnson and Evans, 1978

10 women

Not reported

Vuori et al., 1980

15 women, 24–35 y

13.7 ± 2.7 mg/d

12.8 ± 2.8 mg/d

Fransson and Lonnerdal, 1982

23 women

Not reported

Moser and Reynolds, 1983

23 women, 30 y

9.4

12.8

9.6

Casey et al., 1985

11 women, 26–39 y

Not reported

Casey et al., 1989

22 women

10.9

Sievers et al., 1992

10 women

Not reported

Anderson, 1993

6 women, 20–30 y

Not reported

Krebs et al., 1995

71 women, 30 y

13–25.7

Aquilio et al., 1996

14 women, 21–29 y

Not reported

Biego et al., 1998

17 milk samples

Not reported

a Zinc intake based on reported data or concentration (mg/L) × 0.78 L/day for 0–6 months postpartum and concentration (mg/L) × 0.6 L/day for 7–12 months postpartum.



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