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FIGURE 14-1 Conceptual framework—uses of Dietary Reference Intakes.

a Food plus supplements.

and RNIs alone to appropriately using all of the DRIs will require time and effort by health professionals and others.

Appropriate uses of each of the new DRIs are described briefly in this chapter and in more detail in two reports on the applications of the DRIs in assessment (IOM, 2000) and planning. Also included in this chapter are specific applications to the nutrients discussed in this report. Details on how the DRIs are set with reference to specific life stage and gender groups and the primary criterion that defines adequacy for each of these nutrients are given in Chapters 4 through 13.

ASSESSING NUTRIENT INTAKES OF INDIVIDUALS

Using the Recommended Dietary Allowance and the Estimated Average Requirement for Individuals

The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) were not designed to be used alone in assessing the adequacy of the diet of a specific individual because there is variability in the requirement estimate. The



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