Lock, Chris. What Value Do Computers Provide to NHS Hospitals? BMJ 312(7043):1407–10, 1996.

Luft, Harold S. Potential Methods to Reduce Risk Selection and Its Effects. Inquiry 32(Spring):23– 32, 1995.

Maguire, Ann M., Neil R.Powe, Barbara Starfield, et al. “Carving out” Conditions from Global Capitation Rates: Protecting High-Cost Patients, Physicians, and Health Plans in a Managed Care Environment. The American Journal of Managed Care 4(6):797–806, 1998.

Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. Chapter 1: Recent Changes in the Medicare Program. Report to the Congress: Selected Medicare Issues. Washington, D.C.: MedPAC, 2000a.

——. Chapter 2: Assessing the design and impact of the hospital prospective payment system. Report to Congress: Selected Medicare Issues. Washington, D.C.: MedPAC, 2000b.

——. Chapter 7: Reviewing the estimated payment update for physician services. Report to Congress: Selected Medicare Issues. Washington, D.C.: MedPAC, 2000c.

Newhouse, Joseph P., Melinda Beeuwkes Buntin, and John D.Chapman. Risk Adjustment and Medicare: Taking A Closer Look. Health Affairs 16(5):26–43, 1997.

Rauber, Chris. De-Capitating Managed Care Contracts. Modern Healthcare 29(36):52–7, 1999.

Schmitz, Richard B. Building Global Billing and Payment Systems. Managed Care Quarterly 7(1): 16–28, 1999.

Shea, Steven, William DuMouchel, and Lisa Bahamonde. A Meta-Analysis of 16 Randomized Controlled Trials to Evaluate Computer-Based Clinical Reminder Systems for Preventive Care in the Ambulatory Setting. J Am Med Inform Assoc 3(6):399–409, 1996.

Shulkin, David. Comments at IOM “Workshop on the Effects of Financing Policy on Quality of Care.” April 24, 2000.

Simon, Carol J. and David W.Emmons. Physician Earnings at Risk: An Examination of Capitated Contracts. Health Affairs 16(3):120–6, 1997.

Starfield, Barbara, Jonathan Weiner, Laura Mumford, and Donald Steinwachs. Ambulatory Care Groups: A Categorization of Diagnoses for Research and Management. Health Services Research 26(1):53–74, 1991.

The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial Research Group. The Effect of Intensive Treatment of Diabetes on the Development and Progression of Long-Term Complications of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus. N EngI J Med 329(14):977–86, 1993.

Trude, Sally. Who Has a Choice of Health Plans? Washington, D.C.: Center for Studying Health System Change, Issue Brief Number 27, 2000.

Welch, W.Pete. Bundled Medicare Payment For Acute and Postacute Care. Health Affairs 17(6):69– 81, 1998.

Williams, Robert M. The Costs of Visits to Emergency Departments. N EngI J Med 334(10):642–6, 1996.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement