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CANTHONY J. DEMARIA is assistant director of research for electronics and electro-optics technology at the United Technol- ogies Research Center. Dr. DeMaria's research interests have included magnetics, acousto-optics, nonlinear optics, high- power carbon dioxide lasers, surface acoustic wave devices, picosecond laser pulses, laser radar, and chemical lasers. In addition to his industrial activities, Dr. DeMaria teaches engi- neering and physics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) and other institutions. Dr. DeMaria received the B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Con- necticut and the M.S. degree in science from RPI. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. C. KUMAR N. PATEL is executive director of the Research, Physics and Academic Affairs Division at AT&T Bell Laborato- ries. Dr. Patel's current research includes the measurements of Lamb shift in hydrogenic atoms, spectroscopy of highly trans- parent liquids and solids, and surgical and medical applications of carbon dioxide lasers. Dr. Patel is a member of both the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Patel received his B.E. degree in telecommunica- tions from Poona University in India, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Stanford University. RODNEY PERKINS, M.D. is a leader in the field of ear research and is a founder of Project Hear, a nonprofit medical institute for ear research and education. Dr. Perkins has a private practice in ear surgery at the California Ear Institute in 131

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~ 32 CONTRIBUTORS ~- Palo Alto, California, and is a clinical associate professor of surgery at Stanford University's School of Medicine. Dr. Perkins received his M.D. degree from the Indiana University. Dr. Perkins is a founder and director of Collagen Corporation, a biomaterials company, and is a founder and chairman of Laser- scope, a manufacturer of medical lasers. He is also a founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of RESOUND, a hearing health care company. ARTHUR L. SCHAWtOW is the }. G. Jackson and C. I. Wood Professor of Physics at Stanford University. Dr. Schawlow's recent research has been in the use of lasers to study the basic properties of atoms, molecules, and solids. In 1981 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to the develop- ment of laser spectroscopy. Dr. Schawlow received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Toronto. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. ANTHONY E. SlEGMAN is Burton I. and Ann M. McMurtry Professor of Engineering at Stanford University. Professor Siegman's research interests include microwave electronics, parametric devices, lasers, and optics. Among his recent publi- cations are Microwave Solid State Masers, An Introduction to Lasers and Masers, and Lasers. Dr. Siegman received his A.B. degree from Harvard, an M.S. degree in applied physics from the University of California, Los Angeles, and a Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from Stanford University. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. JOHN R. WHINNERY is a university professor in the depart- ment of electrical engineering and computer sciences at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Whinnery is a leading figure in several areas of laser research, including short-pulse optical phenomena. Over the years Professor Whinnery has also taken a leadership role in the training of students and the formulation of engineering education programs both at the University of California and the national level. He is a member of both the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Whinnery received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Califor- nia, Berkeley.