Page 107

APPENDIX A

Acronyms and Initialisms

ACSYS Arctic Climate System Study

ADEOS-II Japan's Advanced Earth Observing Satellite II

AHAP Alaska High-Altitude Aerial Photography

AIRS/AMSU Atmospheric Infrared Sounder/Andvanced Microwave Sounding Unit

AMM-2 Antarctic Mapping Mission 2 – Radarsat mapping devoted to interferometry

AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer E

AQUA NASA's second Earth Observing System Platform (TERRA is the first)

ARCSS Arctic System Science

ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE Archive)

ASF Alaska SAR Facility

ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

ATSR Along-Track Scanning Radiometer on ERS-1

AVHRR Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer

AVNIR Advance Visible and Near-Infrared Radiometer

AWS Automated Weather Station


BALTEX Baltic Sea Experiment (A GEWEX continental scale experiment)

BEDMAP project collecting all ice thickness data of Antarctica

BOREAS Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 107
Page 107 APPENDIX A Acronyms and Initialisms ACSYS Arctic Climate System Study ADEOS-II Japan's Advanced Earth Observing Satellite II AHAP Alaska High-Altitude Aerial Photography AIRS/AMSU Atmospheric Infrared Sounder/Andvanced Microwave Sounding Unit AMM-2 Antarctic Mapping Mission 2 – Radarsat mapping devoted to interferometry AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer E AQUA NASA's second Earth Observing System Platform (TERRA is the first) ARCSS Arctic System Science ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE Archive) ASF Alaska SAR Facility ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer ATSR Along-Track Scanning Radiometer on ERS-1 AVHRR Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer AVNIR Advance Visible and Near-Infrared Radiometer AWS Automated Weather Station BALTEX Baltic Sea Experiment (A GEWEX continental scale experiment) BEDMAP project collecting all ice thickness data of Antarctica BOREAS Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study

OCR for page 107
Page 108 BSRN Baseline Surface Radiation Network CIRES Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences CLIC Climate and Cryosphere program CRYOSAT European mission to measure sea ice using interferometry starting in 2002 DAAC Distributed Active Archive Center DISP Defense Intelligence Satellite Program DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DOD Department of Defense ECMWF European Center for Medium-range Weather Forecasts ENSO El Nino Southern Oscillation ENVISAT European multi-sensor satellite, follow on to the ERS satellites EOS Earth Observing System EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment EROS Earth Resources Observations Systems ERS European Earth Remote Sensing Satellite ESA European Space Agency ESE Earth Science Enterprise (NASA) FIRE-ACE First ISCCP Regional Experiment–Arctic Cloud Experiment FLUXNET Global CO2 Flux Network FY Fiscal Year GEOSAT US Navy satellite that measures sea surface height with radar altimeter GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment GISP2 Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 GLAS Geoscience Laser Altimeter System G1I Global Imager GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GPCP Global Precipitation Climatology Project GPS Global Positioning System GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center GTOPO30 Global 30 Arc-Second Elevation Data Set GVAP Global Water Vapor Project HARC Human Dimensions of the Arctic System

OCR for page 107
Page 109 HIRS High-Resolution Infrared Sounder ICESAT NASA Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite IKONOS A 1-2 m resolution commercial satellite ILAS Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer IMG Interferometric Monitor for Greenhouse Gases IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IR Infrared ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project ISLSCP International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project JERS Japanese Earth Remote-Sensing Satellite JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory LAII Land-Atmosphere-Ice-Interactions LANDSAT A series of US satellites carrying visible, near-IR, and thermal IR imagers LMD Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique MAGS Mackenzie GEWEX Study MISR Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MOU Memorandum of Understanding MSU Microwave Sounding Unit MTPE Mission to Planet Earth (renamed Earth Science Enterprise) NAO/AO North Atlantic Oscillation/Arctic Oscillation NASA National Aeronautic and Space Administration NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite System NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project NSIDC National Snow and Ice Data Center NSF National Science Foundation OAII Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice-Interactions OCTS Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner PALE Paleoclimates of Arctic Lakes and Estuaries PAR Photosynthetically Active Radiation PARCA RadarSat Antarctic Mapping Project, Snow and Hydrology Group, Program for Arctic Climate Input Assessment

OCR for page 107
Page 110 PARCS Paleoenvironments of the Arctic System PBL Planetary Boundary Layer PO.DAAC Physical Oceanography DAAC (JPL) POLDER Polarization and Directionality of Earth's Reflectances POLES Polar Exchange at the Sea Surface PI Principal Investigator PROBA Project for On-Board Autonomy PSU Practical Salinity Units QSCAT NASA's Quick Scatterometer RADARSAT Canadian Synthetic Aperture Radar Satellite RAMP RADARSAT Antarctic Mapping Project RGPS RadarSat Geophysical Processing System SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar SASS Subsonic Assessment ScaRab Scanner for Radiation Budget SEASAT Sea Satellite SEAWIFS Sea-Viewing Wide-Field-of-View Sensor SHEBA Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic project SIMS Synthesis, Integration, and Modeling Project of NSF-ARCSS SMMR Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer SMOs Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity SPOT Satellite por l'Observation Terre (French earth observation satellites) SRB Surface Radiation Budget SSH Sea Surface Height SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager SSS Sea Surface Salinity SST Sea Surface Temperature T/P NASA-ERS Topex/Poseidon Satellite TERRA NASA's Earth Observing System first multi-sensor platform TIROS Television Infrared Observing Satellite TOA Top of Atmosphere TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer TOVS TIROS-N Operational Vertical Sounder WCRP World Climate Research Program WDC World Data Center WMO World Meteorological Organization