Appendix J

Acronyms

ACPI

Accelerated Climate Prediction Initiative

AGU

American Geophysical Union

AMS

American Meteorological Society

AO

Arctic Oscillation

ARM

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement

ARPS

Advanced Regional Prediction System

ASP

Application Service Provider

CCN

Cloud Condensation Nuclei

CCPP

Climate Change Prediction Program

CDC

Climate Diagnostics Center

CFC

Chlorofluorocarbon

CIT

California Institute of Technology

CMI

Common Modeling Infrastructure

CMIP

Coupled Model Intercomparison Project

COAMPS

Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System

COARE

Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment

COLA

Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies

CONV

Conventional Data

CPU

Central Processing Unit

CRC

Climate Research Committee

CRI

Cray Research, Inc.

CRM

Cloud-Resolving Mode

CSM

Climate System Modeling

CSU

Colorado State University



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Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling Appendix J Acronyms ACPI Accelerated Climate Prediction Initiative AGU American Geophysical Union AMS American Meteorological Society AO Arctic Oscillation ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ARPS Advanced Regional Prediction System ASP Application Service Provider CCN Cloud Condensation Nuclei CCPP Climate Change Prediction Program CDC Climate Diagnostics Center CFC Chlorofluorocarbon CIT California Institute of Technology CMI Common Modeling Infrastructure CMIP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project COAMPS Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System COARE Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment COLA Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies CONV Conventional Data CPU Central Processing Unit CRC Climate Research Committee CRI Cray Research, Inc. CRM Cloud-Resolving Mode CSM Climate System Modeling CSU Colorado State University

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Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling DAO Data Assimilation Office DAS Data Assimilation System DEC Digital Equipment Corporation DOE U.S. Department of Energy DSP Dynamical Seasonal Prediction ECMWF European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts ENSO El Niño/Southern Oscillation EOS Earth Observing System EPA Environmental Protection Agency EUMETSAT European Meteorological Satellite FGGE First GARP Global Experiment FIFE First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology FLOPS Floating Point Operations per Second FSU Florida State University GARP Global Atmospheric Research Programme GATE GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment GCIP GEWEX Continental-Scale International Project GCM General Circulation Model GCSS GEWEX Cloud System Study GEOS Goddard Earth Observing Satellite GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment GFLOP GigaFlop GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies GLA Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center HPCC High Performance Computing and Communications IBM International Business Machine IFS Integrated Forecast System INDOEX Indian Ocean Experiment IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IRI International Research Institute ISLSCP International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project IT Information Technology ITCZ Intertropical Convergence Zone JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory LAWS Laser Atmospheric Wind Sounder LES Large Eddy Simulations MFLOP MegaFlop MOS Model Output Statistics MPI Message Passing Interface

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Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling MPP Massively Parallel Processor NAO North American Oscillation NAS National Aerodynamic Simulation NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction NERSC National Energy Research Scientific-Computing Center NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPGS Naval Postgraduate School NRC National Research Council NRL Naval Research Laboratory NSCAT NASA Scatterometer NSF National Science Foundation NUMA Non-Uniform Memory Access NWP Numerical Weather Prediction OLR Outgoing Longwave Radiative Flux OSE Observing System Experiments OSSE Observing System Simulation Experiments PC Personal Computer PDO Pacific Decadal Oscillation PE Processing Element PI Principal Investigator PILPS Project for Intercomparison of Landsurface Parameterization Schemes PITAC President's Information Technology Advisory Committee PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PROVOST Prediction of C limate Variations on Season-to-Interannual Time Scales PSU Pennsylvania State University RAMS Regional Atmospheric Modeling System RMS Root Mean Square ROC Relative Operating Characteristic SATEMS Satellite Temperature Soundings SCM Single-Column Model SGI Silicon Graphics International SMP Shared-Memory Processor SMP Symmetric Multi-Processor SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager SST Sea Surface Temperature SV Scalable Vector TAO Tropical Atmosphere Ocean array TFLOP Teraflop

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Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling TIROS Television Infrared Operational Satellite TIROS-N Television Infrared Operational Satellite - Next-generation TOGA Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research UCLA University of California at Los Angeles UH University of Hawaii UI University of Illinois UMA Uniform Memory Access UNEP United Nations Environment Program USGCRP United States Global Change Research Program USWRP United States Weather Research Program VPP Vector Parallel Processor WCRP World Climate Research Programme WMO World Meteorological Organization WRF Weather Research and Forecasting XBT Expendable Bathy-Thermographs