To extend the authorization of programs under the Higher Education Act of 1965, and for other purposes. ≪NOTE: Oct. 7, 1998—[H.R. 6]≫
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, ≪NOTE: Higher Education Amendments of 1998. Grants. Inter-governmental relations. Loans.≫
Section on Title II—Teacher Quality
The Act is amended by inserting after title I (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) the following:
(a) Purposes.—The purposes of this title are to—
(1) improve student achievement;
(2) improve the quality of the current and future teaching force by
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Appendix A: Public Law 105-244 105th Congress ."
Testing Teacher Candidates: The Role of Licensure Tests in Improving Teacher Quality . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.