testinal taeniosis is usually cured with a single dose of praziquantel, as low as 5 mg/kg [176].

Patients with parenchymal NCC typically present with seizures. In the Ecuadoran study, two of three patients with epilepsy secondary to NCC presented with partial seizures. Although anticonvulsants are routinely prescribed, Latin American researchers advocate the concomitant use of antiparasitic drugs and steroids where there is evidence of active NCC [179,180 and 181]. In fact, there appears to be a decrease in seizure frequency in patients thus treated [182,183].

The Ecuadoran study and others in Africa and Asia [90,94,184,185] revealed that individuals suffering from the consequences of NCC are subject to limiting illnesses such as intractable headaches and seizures that hamper their well-being and limit their productivity as active community members. NCC is a preventable and treatable infection. Programs and research designed to eradicate NCC in developing countries would lead to the elimination of a sizable number of epilepsy cases and the associated human suffering.


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