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Formerly, he was scientific and technical director of Nagra, the Swiss Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste. He has 30 years experience in the nuclear field, 20 of which are in radioactive waste management. His responsibilities have covered performance assessment, engineering and geological investigations and overall program direction. He was the Swiss coordinator of collaborative work with numerous national programs and also with the IAEA, NEA and EU. He has also held positions as a research scientist with the U.K. Atomic Energy Authority and with the Swiss Federal Institute for Reactor Research. He has served on a number of committees advising national and international organizations on radioactive waste management issues. He is currently a member of the American Nuclear Society, Swiss Nuclear Energy Society, International Radiation Protection Association, the Nuclear Advisory Committee of the Swiss Paul Scherrer Institute and the National Research Council's Board on Radioactive Waste Management. Dr. McCombie received a B.Sc. degree in natural philosophy (physics) from the University of Aberdeen, Scotland and a Ph.D. degree in physics (materials science) from the University of Bristol, England.

John F. Ahearne is the director of the Ethics Program at the Sigma XI Center for Sigma XI, The Scientific Research Society, a lecturer in public policy, an adjunct professor in civil and environmental engineering at Duke University, and an adjunct scholar at Resources for the Future. His professional interests are reactor safety, energy issues, resource allocation, and public policy management. He has served as commissioner and chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, systems analyst for the White House Energy Office, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy, and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Defense. Dr. Ahearne currently serves on the Department of Energy's Environmental Management Advisory Board and Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee, and is chair of the National Research Council's Board on Radioactive Waste Management. In addition, Dr. Ahearne has been active in several National Research Council committees examining issues in risk assessment. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, and American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a member of Sigma XI, the Society for Risk Analysis, the American Nuclear Society, and the National Academy of Engineering. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from Cornell University and a Ph.D. in physics from Princeton University.

Robert J. Budnitz is president of Future Resources Associates, Inc., in Berkeley, California. Previously, he served as Deputy Director and



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