21.  

National Research Council, 2000.

22.  

American Association for the Advancement of Science Project 2061 Website. http://www.project2061.org/curriculum.html.

23.  

Barron et al., 1998; Black and William, 1989; Hunt and Minstrell, 1994; Vye et al., 1998.

24.  

Lin and Lehman, 1999; National Research Council, 2000; White and Fredrickson, 1998.

25.  

Leonard et al., 1996.

26.  

National Research Council, 2003, pp. 78-79.

27.  

Ma, 1999.

28.  

Brown and Campione, 1994; Cobb et al., 1992.

29.  

Feynman, 1995, p. 24.

REFERENCES

Aleven, V., and Koedinger, K. (2002). An effective metacognitive strategy—Learning by doing and explaining with a computer-based cognitive tutor. Cognitive Science, 26, 147-179.

American Association for the Advancement of Science. (2004). About Project 2061. Available: http://www.project2061.org/about/default/htm. [August 11, 2004].


Barron, B.J., Schwartz, D.L., Vye, N.J., Moore, A., Petrosino, A., Zech, L., Bransford, J.D., and Cognition and Technology Group at Vanderbilt. (1998). Doing with understanding: Lessons from research on problem and project-based learning. Journal of Learning Sciences, 7(3 and 4), 271-312.

Black, P., and William, D. (1989). Assessment and classroom learning. Special Issue of Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice, 5(1), 7-75.

Bransford, J.D., and Schwartz, D.L. (1999). Rethinking transfer: A simple proposal with multiple implications. Review of Research in Education, 24(40), 61-100.

Brown, A.L. (1975). The development of memory: Knowing about knowing and knowing how to know. In H.W. Reese (Ed.), Advances in child development and behavior (p. 10). New York: Academic Press.

Brown, A.L., and Campione, J.C. (1994). Guided discovery in a community of learners. In K. McGilly (Ed.), Classroom lessons: Integrating cognitive theory and classroom practices. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Brown, A.L., Bransford, J.D., Ferrara, R.A., and Campione J.C. (1983). Learning, remembering, and understanding. In J.H. Flavell and E.M Markman (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Cognitive development volume 3 (pp. 78-166). New York: Wiley.

Bruner, J. (1960). The process of education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.


Carey, S., and Gelman, R. (1991). The epigenesis of mind: Essays on biology and cognition. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Chase, W.G., and Simon, H.A. (1973). Perception in chess. Cognitive Psychology, 4(1), 55-81.

Cobb P., Yackel, E., and Wood, T. (1992). A constructivist alternative to the representational view of mind in mathematics education. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 19, 99-114.



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