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Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises References Aagard, K., and E.C. Carmack. 1989. The role of sea ice and other fresh water in the Arctic circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research 94:14,485-14,498. Abramovitz, J.N. 1996. Imperiled waters, impoverished future: The decline of freshwater ecosystems. Peterson, editor. Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C. Aeberhardt, M., M. Blatter, and T.F. Stocker. 2000. Variability on the century time scale and regime changes in a stochastically forced zonally averaged ocean-atmosphere model. Geophysical Research Letters 27:1303-1306. Ágústsdóttir, A.M., R.B. Alley, D. Pollard, and W. Peterson. 1999. Ekman transport and upwelling from wind stress from GENESIS climate model experiments with variable North Atlantic heat convergence. Geophysical Research Letters 26(9):1333-1336. Ahmad, J., G. Beg Paklar, F. Bonjean, G. Dal Bo’, T. Kaminski, F. Kauker, M. Monai, E. Pierazzo , P. Stone, and L. Zampato. 1997. Pp. 87-100 in The interaction between global warming and the thermohaline circulation. Environmental Dynamics Series, Vol. 4, Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti. Albright, S.C. 1993. A statistical-analysis of hitting streaks in baseball. Journal of the American Statistical Association 88:1175-1183. Allen, C. 2001. Rapid, Climate-Induced Ecological Disturbances: Forest Dieback, Erosion, and Fire. Summary notes from Abrupt Climate Change Meeting, National Academy of Sciences, March 21-22, Washington, D.C. Allen, C.D., and D. Breshears. 1998. Drought-induced shift of a forest-woodland ecotone: rapid landscape response to climate variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95:14,839-14,842. Alley, R.B. 2000. The Younger Dryas cold interval as viewed from central Greenland. Quaternary Science Reviews 19:213-226. Alley, R.B., and D.R. MacAyeal. 1994. Ice-rafted debris associated with binge/purge oscillations of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. Paleoceanography 9:503-511. Alley, R.B., and P.U. Clark. 1999. The deglaciation of the Northern Hemisphere: A global perspective . Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences 27:149-182.

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