to regulate and enforce the Clean Air Act of 1970. He has broad and extensive experience on energy and environmental issues and has recently been involved in studies on markets and barriers to clean coal technologies, conventional and advanced turbines, renewable energy systems, distributed power systems, impact of electric power restructuring on fuel and technology choices in the energy sector, options for reductions of greenhouse gases, and energy and environmental analysis in support of a number of foreign countries, the World Bank, and the Global Environment Facility. He is currently a member of the National Academy of Sciences’ Committee on Challenges, Opportunities, and Possibilities for Cooperation in the Energy Futures of China and the United States. He has received the Presidential Award for Superior Achievement (1992) and the Secretary of Energy’s Gold Medal for Outstanding Performance (1994). He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from Worcester Polytechnic Institute.

James L.Sweeney is professor of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University, and senior fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. He has been director of the Office of Energy Systems, director of the Office of Quantitative Methods, and director of the Office of Energy Systems Modeling and Forecasting, all at the Federal Energy Administration. At Stanford University, he was chairman, Institute of Energy Studies; director, Center for Economic Policy Research; director, Energy Modeling Forum; chairman, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems; and chairman, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research. He has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on the National Energy Modeling System and the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change, and has been a member of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. His research and writings address economic and policy issues important for natural resource production and use; energy markets, including oil, natural gas and electricity; environmental protection; and the use of mathematical models to analyze energy markets. He has a B.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. in engineering-economic systems from Stanford University.

John J.Wise is retired vice president for Research, Mobil Research and Development Company. He has also been vice president for R&E Planning, manager of Exploration and Production R&D, manager of Process and Products R&D, director of the Mobil Solar Energy Corporation, and director of the Mobil Foundation. He has been active in the Industrial Research Institute and is currently on the board of editors of its journal Research and Technology Management. He was awarded the Industrial Research Institute’s Gold Medal for Research Management. He was co-chair of the Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program. He has served on the NRC Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology and its Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. He has served on a number of NRC committees, such as the Committee on Transportation and a Sustainable Environment, the Committee on Developing the Federal Materials Facility Strategy, the Committee on Reviewing DOE’s Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies, and the Committee on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety. He has expertise in R&D management, process engineering, catalysis, synthetic and alternative fuels, lubricants, and the effects of fuels and engines on emissions. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received a B.S. in chemical engineering from Tufts University and a Ph.D. in chemistry from MIT.

James L.Wolf is an independent consultant working with companies to design new products and services for deregulating electric utility markets. He was formerly vice president of energy and environmental markets for Honeywell, Inc., where he focused on business opportunities to develop new products and services and market existing services to energy and environmental concerns. Previously, he was executive director at the Alliance To Save Energy, a nonprofit coalition whose board of directors is composed of U.S. Senators, chief executive officers of major corporations, and environmental leaders. He also served as acting deputy assistant administrator for policy and planning with the Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, where he helped design and supervise policies and programs addressing marine pollution, global climate change, alternative energy resources, and international scientific research protocols. Mr. Wolf was a member of the Advisory Panel on Research and Development for the Department of Energy. He has a J.D. degree from Harvard Law School.

James Woods is the founding director of the HP-Woods Research Institute and is retired professor of Building Construction at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He has been responsible for more than 20 research projects investigating environmental conditions for office buildings, schools, residences, hospitals, passenger cabins in commercial aircraft, and laboratory animal facilities. Dr. Woods has also served as a consultant or advisor to several private and public agencies including the Department of Energy, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the Environmental Protection Agency. He has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Kansas State University and is a registered professional mechanical engineer.

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