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86 IMMUNIZATION SAFETY RE VIE W REFERENCES AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics). 1999. Thimerosal in vaccines An interim report to clinicians. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Infectious Dis- eases and Committee on Environmental Health. Pediatrics 104~3 Pt 14:570-574. APA (American Psychiatric Association); 1994 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: APA. Amin-Zaki L, Elhassani S. Majeed MA, Clarkson TW, Doherty RA, Greenwood MR, Giovanoli-Jakubczak T. 1976. Perinatal methylmercury poisoning in Iraq. Am JDis Child 130:1070-1076. Aschner M, Aschner JL. 1990. Mercury neurotoxicity: Mechanisms of blood-brain bar- rier transport. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 14~24: 169-176. Atkins K. 2001. Fears Raised Over Preservative in Vaccines. Boston Globe July 17, 2001. ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry). 1999. Toxicological Pro- file for Mercury (Updated. Axton JH. 1972. Six cases of poisoning after a parenteral organic mercurial compound (merthiolate). Postgrad Med J 48~561):417-421. Bakir F. Damluji SF, Amin-Zaki L, Murtadha M, Khalidi A, al-Raw) NY, Tikriti S. Da- hahir HI, Clarkson TW, Smith JC, Doherty RA. 1973. Methylmercury poisoning in Iraq. Science 181 (96~:230-241. Ball LK, Ball R. Pratt RD. 2001. An assessment of thimerosal use in childhood vaccines. Pediatrics 107~54: 1147-1154. Ballatori N. Clarkson TW. 1984. Dependence of biliary secretion of inorganic mercury on the biliary transport of glutathione. Biochem Pharmacol 33~74: 1093-1098. Bernard S. Enayati A, Redwood L, Roger H. Binstock T. 2001. Autism: A novel form of mercury poisoning. Med Hypotheses 56~44:462-471. Blaxill M. 2001. Presentation to Immunization Safety Review Committee. Rising Incidence of Autism: Association with Thimerosal: Cambridge, Massachusetts. July 16,2001. Boyle CA, Decoufle P. Yeargin-Allsopp M. 1994. Prevalence and health impact of de- velopmental disabilities in U.S. children. Pediatrics 93:399-403. Bradstreet J. 2001. Presentation to Immunization Safety Review Committee. The Role of Heavy Metals in Autism: Cambridge, Massachusetts. July 16, 2001. Brown D. 2001. Presentation to Immunization Safety Review Committee. Pharmacoki- netic Modeling of Hair Mercury Levels from Thimerosal: Cambridge, Massachu- setts. July 16, 2001. Brown RT, Freeman WS, Perrin JM, Stein MT, Amler RW, Feldman HM, Pierce K. Wolraich ML. 2001. Prevalence and assessment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in primary care settings. Pediatrics 107:E43. California Department of Developmental Services, Health and Human Services Agency. 1999. Changes in the Population of Persons with Autism and Pervasive Develop- mental Disorders in California's Developmental Services System: 1987 Through 1998. Carpenter DO. 1995. Communicating with the public on issues of science and public health. Environ Health Perspect 103 Suppl 6:127-130. Cave S. 2000. Testimony to U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform. June 18, 2000. Mercury in Medicine Are We Taking Unnecessary Risks? CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1991a. Hepatitis B Virus: A Com- prehensive Strategy for Eliminating Transmission in the United States Through Uni- versal Childhood Vaccination: Recommendations of the Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (ACIP) . MMWR 40~(RR-1344:1-19.
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THIMEROSAL-CONTAINING VACCINES 87 CDC. l991b. Haemophilus b Conjugate Vaccines for Prevention of Haemophilus Influ- enzae Type b Disease Among Infants and Children Two Months of Age and Older Recommendations of the ACIP. MMWR 40(RR01~:1-7. CDC.1997. Pertussis Vaccination: Use of Acellular Pertussis Vaccines Among Infants and Young Children. MMWR 46 (RR-7~:2-25. CDC. 1999a. Thimerosal in vaccines: A joint statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Public Health Service. MMWR 48~26~:563-565. CDC. l999b. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Public Health Perspective. NCEH Pub No. 99-0362. Atlanta: CDC. CDC. l999c. Availability of hepatitis B vaccine that does not contain thimerosal as a preservative. MMWR 48~35~:780-782. CDC. 2000a. Poliomyelitis prevention in the United States: Updated recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR 49(RR-5~: 1-22. CDC. 2000b. Summary of the joint statement on thimerosal in vaccines. American Acad- emy of Family Physicians, American Academy of Pediatrics, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, Public Health Service. MMWR 49~27~:622, 631. CDC. 2000c. Update: Expanded availability of thimerosal preservative-free hepatitis B vaccine. MMWR 49~28~:642-643. CDC, 2001a. Notice to Readers: Update on the Supply of Tetanus and Diphtheria Tox- oids and of Diptheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Accellular Pertussis Vaccine. MMWR 50~10~: 189-190. CDC. 2001b. Personal Communication with John Iskander. VAERS Reports. CDC. 2001c. Impact of the 1999 AAP/USPHS joint statement on thimerosal in vaccines on infant hepatitis B vaccination practices. MMWR 50~6~:94-97. CDC. 2001 d. National Report on Human Exposures to Environmental Chemicals. Avail- able on the web at http://www.cdc.gov/ncch/dls/report/PDF/CompleteReport.pdf. CDC. 2001e. Prevention and control of influenza. Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR 50(RR-4~. CDC. 2001f. FAQs: Mercury & Thimerosal. National Immunization Program. Available on the web at http://www.cdc.gov/nip/vacsafe/concerns/thimerosal/faqs-mercury.htm. CDC, 2001 g. Recommended Childhood Immunization Schedule United States. Janu- ary-December, 2001. Available on the web at http://www.cdc.gov/nip/recs/child- schedule.PDF. Cernichiari E, Toribara TY, Liang L, Marsh DO, Berlin MW, Myers GJ, Cox C, Sham- laye CF, Choisy O. Davidson P. et al. 1995. The biological monitoring of mercury in the Seychelles study. Neurotoxicology 16~4) :613-628. Chakrabarti S. Fombonne E. 2001. Pervasive developmental disorders in preschool chil- dren. JAMA 285~24~:3093-3099. Chang LW, Wade PR, Pounds JG, Reuhl KR. 1980. Prenatal and neonatal toxicology and pathology of heavy metals. Adv Pharmacol Chemother 17: 195-231. Cinca I, Dumitrescu I, Onaca P. Serbanescu A, Nestorescu B. 1980. Accidental ethyl mercury poisoning with nervous system, skeletal muscle, and myocardium injury. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 43~2~: 143-149. Clarkson TW. 1972. The pharmacology of mercury compounds. Ann Rev Pharmacol 12~96~:375-406. Clarkson TW. 1997. The toxicology of mercury. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci 34~4~:369-403. Clements CJ, Ball LK, Ball R. Pratt D. 2000. Thiomersal in vaccines. Lancet 355~9211~: 1279-1280. Cox NH, Forsyth A. 1988. Thiomersal allergy and vaccination reactions. Contact Der- matitis 18~4~:229-233.
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Representative terms from entire chapter: