meetings in the coming weeks to establish an applied research agenda for anthrax, meetings which will include experts from a variety of scientific fields and who represent both the public and private sector.

The final issue I want to address today is the necessity for the intelligence community and the scientific community to work together. The intelligence community needs to inform scientists, but scientists need to help the intelligence community, too. When a scientist is disaffected, the intelligence community may need to be alerted; when a scientist is discovered by other scientists to be conducting work that may inadvertently lead to adverse consequences and where the risk is deemed greater than the potential benefit, the scientific community needs to stand collectively against such work.

We also need to think about cross-training between the intelligence community and the public health community. We in public health have been hearing about the importance of documenting the chain of custody of samples for forensic purposes, and many have not understood the term “chain of custody”; public health professionals may need some training in forensic sciences to better understand the needs of that community. Also, the intelligence community may need training in public health concerns. The FBI may want to consider having some of its experts trained in the Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) at the CDC. The Department of Defense has had people trained in EIS for several years, and that has been quite beneficial.

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