. "Appendix E: Department of Health and Human Services: Food and Drug Administration." Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2002.
The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities - Workshop Summary
cases are the cutaneous form. Such cases occur among workers who have handled infected hoofed animals or products from these animals. Gastrointestinal anthrax has been reported following the ingestion of undercooked or raw meat from infected animals. Inhalational anthrax, resulting from inhalation of aerosolized spores, was associated with industrial processing of infected wool, hair, or hides in the United States in the past. Before October 2001, no case of inhalational anthrax had been reported in the United States since 1978. In 1979, at least 64 people died in Sverdlovsk (currently Ekaterinburg), Russia, of inhalational anthrax after Bacillus anthracis spores were accidentally released from a Soviet military laboratory. Administration of certain antimicrobial agents may prevent or reduce the incidence of disease following inhalational exposure to Bacillus anthracis.
II. Approved Drug Products
Drug products containing doxycycline, doxycycline calcium, doxycycline hyclate,1 and penicillin G procaine are currently approved with indications for anthrax.2 The approved labeling for the doxycycline products states that the drugs are indicated in infections caused by Bacillus anthracis. The approved labeling for penicillin G procaine drug products states that the drugs are indicated for anthrax. Presently, the labeling for these drug products do not specify a dosing regimen for inhalational exposure to Bacillus anthracis. The indication sections of approved labeling for these drug products does not specify cutaneous, gastrointestinal, or inhalational anthrax. We have determined that the language in the labeling of drug products containing doxycycline, doxycycline calcium, doxycycline hyclate, and penicillin G procaine is intended to, and does, cover all forms of anthrax, including inhalational anthrax (post-exposure): to reduce the incidence or progression of disease following exposure to aerosolized Bacillus anthracis. On August 30, 2000, we approved supplements to provide an indication for inhalational anthrax (post-exposure) for ciprofloxacin hydrochloride tablets and ciprofloxacin intravenous (IV) solution, IV in 5 percent dextrose, IV in 0.9 percent saline, and oral suspension. The approved labeling for these ciprofloxacin products provides for a 60-day dosing regimen. Because ciprofloxacin drug products are already specifically indicated for inhalational anthrax (post-exposure) and their approved labeling provides a regimen for inhalational anthrax (post-exposure), we do not discuss ciprofloxacin any further
Doxycycline hyclate tablets, equivalent to 20 milligrams (mg) base, and doxycycline hyclate 10 percent for controlled release in subgingival application are not subjects of this notice because they have periodontal indications and do not have indications for anthrax or infections caused by Bacillus anthracis.
Other drug products are currently approved with indications for anthrax or infections caused by Bacillus anthracis, i.e., minocycline, tetracycline, oxytetracycline, demeclocycline, and penicillin G potassium. We have not completed a review on these other drugs. We will not discuss these other drugs further in this notice.