Clark, C.W. 1976. Mathematical Bioeconomics: The Optimal Management of Renewable Resources. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 352pp.
Collie, J.S. and P.D. Spencer. 1994. Modeling predator-prey dynamics in a fluctuating environment . Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51:2665-2672.
Collie, J.S., G.A. Escanero, and P.C. Valentine. 1997. Effects of bottom fishing on the benthic megafauna of George’s Bank. Marine Ecology Progress Series 155:159-172.
Collie, J.S., S.J. Hall, M.J. Kaiser, and I.R. Poiner. 2000a. A quantitative analysis of fishing impacts on shelf-sea benthos. Journal of Animal Ecology 69:785-798.
Collie, J.S., G.A. Escanero, and P.C. Valentine. 2000b. Photographic evaluation of the impacts of bottom trawling on benthic epifauna. ICES Journal of Marine Science 57:987-1001.
Connor, D.W., K. Hiscock, R.L. Foster-Smith, and R. Covey. 1997. A classification system for benthic marine biotopes. In: Proceedings of the 28th European Marine Biology Symposium. Crete, September 1993. Olsen and Olsen, Fredensberg.
Coon, C. 2001. Managing Effects of Bottom Trawling on Marine Habitat in Alaska. Presentation to the Committee on Ecosystem Effects of Fishing: Phase 1—Effects of Bottom Trawling on Seafloor Habitat, Anchorage, AK, June 2001.
Dayton, P.K. 1979. Observations of growth, dispersal, and population dynamics of some sponges in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. In Biologie des Spongiaries, Levey, C. and N. Boury-Esnault (eds.).
de Groot, S.J. 1984. The impact of bottom trawling on benthic fauna of the North Sea. Ocean Management 9:177-190.
DeAlteris, J., L. Skrobe, and C. Lipsky. 1999. The significance of seabed disturbance by mobile fishing gear relative to natural processes: A case study in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. American Fisheries Society Symposium 22:224-237.
Deegan, L.A. and R.N. Buchsbaum. 2002. The effect of habitat loss and degradation on fisheries. In The Decline of Fisheries Resources in New England: Evaluating the Impact of Overfishing, Contamination, and Habitat Degradation, Buchsbaum, R.N., W.E. Robinson, and J. Pederson (eds.). Massachusetts Bays Program. MIT Sea Grant Press, Cambridge, MA.
Department of Fisheries and Oceans. 2000. 2000 Scotia-Fundy Offshore Scallop Integrated Fisheries Management Plan: Maritimes Region. DFO, Canada.
Duarte C. 1995. Submerged aquatic vegetation in relation to different nutrient regimes. Ophelia 41:87-112.
Durrenberger, E.P. and G. Palsson. 1987. Ownership at sea: Fishing territories and access to sea resources. American Ethnologist 14(3):508-522.
Dyekjaer, S.M., J.K. Jensen, and E. Hoffmann. 1995. Mussel Dredging and Effects on the Marine Environment. ICES C.M.1995/E:13.
Emeis, K.C., J.R. Benoit, L. Deegan, A.J. Gilbert, V. Lee, J.M. Glade, M. Meybeck, S.B. Olsen, and B. von Bodungen. 2001. Group 4: Unifying concepts for integrated coastal management. In Science and Integrated Coastal Management, von Bodungen, B. and R.K. Turner (eds.). Dahlem University Press, Berlin, 378pp.
Engel, J. and R. Kvitek. 1998. Effects of otter trawling on a benthic community in Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Conservation Biology 12:1204-1214.
Fogarty, M.J., A.A. Rosenberg, and M.P. Sissenwine. 1992. Fisheries risk assessment: Sources of uncertainty. Environmental Science Technology 26(3):440-447.
Fogarty, M.J., R.K. Mayo, L. O’Brien, F.M. Serchuk, and A.A. Rosenberg. 1996. Assessing uncertainty and risk in exploited marine populations. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 54:183-195.
Fogarty, M.J. and S.A. Murawski. 1998. Large scale disturbance and the structure of marine systems: Fishery impacts on Georges Bank. Ecological Applications 8(1 Supplement):S6-S22.
Fonseca, M.S., G.W. Tanyer, A.J. Chester, and C. Foltz. 1984. Impact of scallop harvesting on eelgrass meadows: implications for management. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 4:286-293.
Freese L., P.J. Auster, J. Heifetz, and B.L. Wing. 1999. Effects of trawling on seafloor habitat and associated invertebrate taxa in the Gulf of Alaska. Marine Ecology Progress Series 182:119-126.
Frid, C.L.J. and R.A. Clark. 2000. Long-term changes in North Sea benthos: Discerning the role of fisheries. In Effects of Fishing on Non-Target Species and Habitats: Biological, Conservation, and Socio-Economic Issues, Kaiser, M.J. and S.J. de Groot (eds.). Blackwell Science, Oxford.
Futch, C.R. and D.S. Beaumariage. 1965. A Report on the Bait Shrimp Fishery of Lee County, Florida. Florida Board of Conservation Marine Laboratory Maritime Base, Baybora Harbor, St. Petersburg, Florida.
Good, J. W., R.G. Hildreth, R.E. Rose, and G. Skillman. 1987. Oregon Territorial Sea Management Study. Oregon Sea Grant College Program, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.
Gordon, D.C., P. Schwinghammer, T.W. Rowell, J. Prena, K. Gilkinson, W.P. Vass, and D.L. McKeown. 1998. Studies in eastern Canada on the impact of mobile fishing gear on benthic habitat and communities. In Effects of Fishing Gear on the Sea Floor of New England, Dorsey, E.M. and J. Pederson (eds.). Conservation Law Foundation, Boston, MA.
Greene, H.G., M.M. Yoklavich, R.M. Starr, V.M. O’Connell, W.W. Wakefield, D.E. Sullivan, J.E. McRea, Jr., and G.M. Cailliet. 1999. A classification scheme for deep seafloor habitats. Oceanologica Acta 22(6):663-678.
Greenstreet, S.P.R. and S.J. Hall. 1996. Fishing and groundfish assemblage structure in the northwestern North Sea: An analysis of long-term and spatial trends. Journal of Animal Ecology 65:577-598.
Guillen, J.E., A.A. Ramos, L. Martinez, and J. Sanchez Lizaso. 1994. Anti-trawling reefs and the protection of Posidonia Oceanica Meadows in the western Mediterranean Sea: demands and aims. Bulletin of Marine Science 55(2-3):645-650.
Gulland, J.A. 1983. Fish Stock Assessment: A Manual of Basic Methods. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 223pp.
Hall-Spencer, J.M. and P.G. Moore. 2000. Impact of scallop dredging on maerl grounds. In Effects of Fishing on Non-Target Species and Habitats, Kaiser, M.J. and S.J. de Groot (eds.). Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
Herrmann, M., J. Greenberg, and K. Criddle. 1998. An economic analysis of pot limits for the Adak brown king crab fishery: A distinction between open access and common property. Alaska Fishery Research Bulletin 5(1):25-38.
Hiatt, T. and J. Terry. 1999. Stock Assessment and Fishery Evaluation Report for the Groundfish Fisheries of the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands Area: Economic Status of the Groundfish Fisher