Geographic Information System,

 

36

   

Questions of Scale,

 

36

   

Distribution and Intensity of Fishing Effort,

 

37

   

Regional Fisheries,

 

39

   

New England: Maine to Connecticut,

 

39

   

Mid-Atlantic: New York to Virginia,

 

42

   

South Atlantic: North Carolina to Eastern Florida,

 

43

   

Gulf of Mexico: Western Florida to Texas,

 

44

   

Pacific: California, Oregon, and Washington,

 

44

   

North Pacific: Alaska,

 

46

   

Conclusion,

 

47

5

 

Analyzing the Risk to Seafloor Habitats

 

48

   

Framework for Decisionmaking,

 

48

   

Exposure Assessment Model,

 

49

   

Research,

 

50

   

Risk Assessment,

 

50

   

Risk Management,

 

51

   

Comparative Risk Assessment,

 

52

   

Description of Criteria,

 

53

   

Summary,

 

54

6

 

Management Options

 

57

   

Gear Modifications,

 

57

   

Closed Areas,

 

59

   

Effort Reduction,

 

61

   

Conclusion,

 

63

7

 

Findings and Recommendations

 

65

   

Recommendations,

 

66

   

Interpretation and Use of Existing Data,

 

66

   

Integration of Management Options,

 

66

   

Policy Issues Raised by Existing Legislation,

 

67

   

Future Research,

 

67

   

Gear Impacts and Modification,

 

67

   

Habitat Evaluation,

 

68

   

Management,

 

68

 

 

References

 

69

 

 

Appendixes

 

 

   

A Committee and Staff Biographies

 

77

   

B Regional Distribution of Fishing Effort

 

80

   

C Mapping Tools

 

120

   

D Workshop Agendas

 

122

   

E Acronyms

 

126



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