APPENDIX A
TEXT OF CONGRESSIONAL REQUEST

Conference Report for H.R. 2400, Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), May 22, 1998.

SEC. 1110. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

(e) Study of CMAQ Program.—

  1. Study.—The Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall enter into arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences to complete, but not later than January 1, 2001, a study of the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 149 of title 23, United States Code. The study shall, at a minimum—

    1. evaluate the air quality impacts of emissions from motor vehicles;

    2. evaluate the negative effects of traffic congestion, including the economic effects of time lost due to congestion;

    3. determine the amount of funds obligated under the program and make a comprehensive analysis of the types of projects funded under the program;

    4. evaluate the emissions reductions attributable to projects of various types that have been funded under the program;

    5. assess the effectiveness, including the quantitative and non-quantitative benefits, of projects funded under the program and include, in the assessment, an estimate of the cost per ton of pollution reduction;

    6. assess the cost effectiveness of projects funded under the program with respect to congestion mitigation;



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OCR for page 171
The Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program: Assessing 10 Years of Experience - Special Report 264 APPENDIX A TEXT OF CONGRESSIONAL REQUEST Conference Report for H.R. 2400, Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), May 22, 1998. SEC. 1110. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM. (e) Study of CMAQ Program.— Study.—The Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall enter into arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences to complete, but not later than January 1, 2001, a study of the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 149 of title 23, United States Code. The study shall, at a minimum— evaluate the air quality impacts of emissions from motor vehicles; evaluate the negative effects of traffic congestion, including the economic effects of time lost due to congestion; determine the amount of funds obligated under the program and make a comprehensive analysis of the types of projects funded under the program; evaluate the emissions reductions attributable to projects of various types that have been funded under the program; assess the effectiveness, including the quantitative and non-quantitative benefits, of projects funded under the program and include, in the assessment, an estimate of the cost per ton of pollution reduction; assess the cost effectiveness of projects funded under the program with respect to congestion mitigation;

OCR for page 171
The Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program: Assessing 10 Years of Experience - Special Report 264 compare— the costs of achieving the air pollutant emissions reductions achieved under the program; to the costs that would be incurred if similar reductions were achieved by other measures, including pollution controls on stationary sources; include recommendations on improvements, including other types of projects, that will increase the overall effectiveness of the program; include recommendations on expanding the scope of the program to address traffic-related pollutants that, as of the date of the study, are not addressed by the program. REPORT.—Not later than January 1, 2000 [sic], the National Academy of Sciences shall transmit to the Secretary, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on the results of the study with recommendations for modifications to the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program in light of the results of the study. FUNDING.—Before making the apportionment of funds under section 104(b) (2) of title 23, United States Code, for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000, the Secretary shall deduct from the amount to be apportioned under such section for such fiscal year, and make available, $500,000 for such fiscal year to carry out this subsection.