500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

Support for this project was provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and the Veterans Administration. The views presented in this report are those of the Institute of Medicine Committee on Pathophysiology and Prevention of Adolescent and Adult Suicide and are not necessarily those of the funding agencies.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Reducing suicide : a national imperative / S.K. Goldsmith … [et al.], editors ; Committee on Pathophysiology & Prevention of Adolescent & Adult Suicide, Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, Institute of Medicine.

p. ;cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 0-309-08321-4 (pbk.)

1. Suicide—United States. 2. Suicide—United States—Prevention. 3. Suicidal behavior—Treatment—United States. 4. Suicidal behavior—Risk factors—United States.

[DNLM: 1. Suicide—prevention & control—United States. 2. Psychotherapy—United States. 3. Risk Factors—United States. 4. Social Support—United States. 5. Suicide—psychology—United States. ] I. Goldsmith, Sara K. II. Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Pathophysiology & Prevention of Adolescent & Adult Suicide.

HV6548.U5 R43 2002



Additional copies of this report are available for sale from the
National Academies Press,
500 Fifth Street, N.W., Box 285, Washington, DC 20055. Call (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet,

For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at

Printed in the United States of America.

Copyright 2002 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement