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Il. Private Contributions 29

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2001 PRIVATE CONTRIBUTIONS We gratefully acknowledge the support of private contributors to the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council. Contributions to the National Academy of Engineering are recognized in the NAB Program Report and The Bridge. The Elkan Blout Society of the National Academy of Sciences The Elkan Blout Society, founded in 1993, honors one of the Academy's leading philanthropists and recognizes living members of the National Academy of Sciences and individuals who have made cumulative lifetime contributions of $20,000 or more, as well as planned gifts of any size. $1,000,000 or More Arnold 0. Beckman Paul Berg Bruce Alberts Eleanor Barschall Elkan R. Blout Daniel Branton John D. Baldeschwieler R. Stephen Berry Lewis M. Branscomb Ellis Cowling Lee J. Cronbach* Mildred S. Dresselhaus Ernest L. Eliel Cecil H. Green William R. Hewlett* Daniel E. Koshland, Jr. $100,000 to $999,999 Emanuel Epstein William T. Golden G. Lewis Meyer Oliver E. Nelson* Richard L. Garwin T. H. Geballe Norman H. Giles Hermann A. Haus Norman H. Horowitz Martin G. Larrabee Maclyn McCarty $20,000 to $99,999 Norman F. Ness C. Kumar N. Patel Simon Ramo Alexander Rich Kenneth G. McKay Francis D. Moore* Arnold G. Motulsky Frank Press Allen E. Puckett Dominick P. Purpura Frederic M. Richards The TOM Society of the Institute of Medicine Hinda G. Rosenthal Bernard G. Sarnat William J. Rutter Paul R. Schimmel Herbert A. Simon* P. Roy Vagelos Charles M. Rick, Jr. Rudi Schmid Robert Louis Sinsheimer H. Guyford Stever Lubert Stryer John Archibald Wheeler Jean D. Wilson The IOM Society, founded in 1997, recognizes living members of the Institute of Medicine and individuals who have made cumulative lifetime contributions of $20,000 or more, as well as planned gifts of any size. Paul Berg Elkan R. Blout Jerome H. Grossman * Recently Deceased $100,000 or more William W. McGuire Alexander Rich Hinda G. Rosenthal Bernard G. Sarnat P. Roy Vagelos Alejandro Zaffaroni

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$20,000-$99,999 Jack D. Barchas Lewis M. Branscomb Roger J. Bulger Colleen Conway-Welch William H. Danforth Richard L. Garwin Gerald D. Laubach Edithe J. Levit Margaret E. Mahoney Maclyn McCarty Robert W. Miller Arnold G. Motulsky Rosette Society Mary O'Neill Mundinger Quigg Newton Gilbert S. Omenn John T. Potts, Jr. Dominick P. Purpura William C. Richardson Henry W. Riecken Frederick C. Robbins Charles A. Sanders Rudi Schmid Kenneth I. Shine Jean D. Wilson Recognizing individuals who contributed $5,000 or more to the National Academies in 2001. John Abelson Bruce Alberts Jack R. Anderson John D. Baldeschwieler Jack D. Barchas Warren L. Batts Norman Bernstein R. Stephen Berry E. Milton Bevington David G. Bradley Roger J. Bulger Malin Burnham Louis W. Cabot Wiley N. Caldwell James McConnell Clark Arthur Coury Morrel H. Cohen Howard E. Cox, Jr. William H. Danforth Andreas Acrivos Bobby R. Alford Clarence R. Allen Harold Amos Ron J. Anderson Wyatt W. Anderson Robert Austrian John R. Ball Barbara Barrett Craig R. Barrett * Recently Deceased Charles W. Duncan George C. Eads John Everets, Jr. Raymond E. Galvin Eugene Garfield Willard Hackerman Ada S. Hinshaw Norman H. Horowitz Robert S. Ingersoll Thomas S. Inui Robert L. James Kenneth A. Jonsson Philip Jonsson A. Dale Kaiser William I. Koch Jill Howell Kramer John H. Krehbiel, Jr. Gerald D. Laubach Edithe J. Levit Tillie K. Lubin Whitney MacMillan Frank B. McDonald William W. McGuire Burton J. McMurtry Kamal K. Midha Joe F. Moore David T. Morgenthaler Van C. Mow George E. Mueller Philip Needleman Ralph S. O'Connor Peter O'Donnell, Jr. Jody Potts John T. Potts, Jr. Allen E. Puckett Dominick P. Purpura William C. Richardson Charles W. Robinson Charter Sociely Recognizing individuals who contributed between $1,000 and $4,999 to the National Academies in 2001. Steven C. Beering Paul Berg Ernest Beutler Dennis M. Bier Lutz Birnbaumer Floyd E. Bloom Elkan R. Blout Enriqueta C. Bond Paul D. Boyer E. Cabell Brand Hinda G. Rosenthal William J. Rutter Sheila A. Ryan Jillian Sackler Collin W. Scarborough Rudi Schmid Sara Lee Schupf H. R. Shepherd Herbert A. Simon* Rosemary A. Stevens H. Guyford Stever Edward C. Stone Lubert Stryer P. Roy Vagelos Robert V. Waltemeyer Torsten N. Wiesel Jean D. Wilson Tadataka Yamada Donald D. Brown Harold Brown William T. Butler Eugenio Calabi Marvin H. Caruthers David R. Challoner Purnell W. Choppin Leighton E. Cluff Arthur D. Code Dollie Cole Douglas L. Coleman Stirling A. Colgate John W. Colloton Nancy E. Conrad R. James Cook Nicholas R. Cozzarelli Stephen H. Crandall James F. Crow Pedro M. Cuatrecasas C. Chapin Cutler ~ 1

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Worth B. Daniels, Jr. James E. Darnell, Jr. Karen Davis Igor B. Dawid Haile T. Debas R. Gordon Douglas, Jr. Robert C. Dynes Victor J. Dzau Richard H. Egdahl Lloyd C. Elam Ronald W. Estabrook James L. Ferguson M. Judah Folkman George M. Foster, Jr. Marye Anne Fox Hans Frauenfelder Irwin M. Freedberg Carl Frieden John Brooks Fuqua Valentin Fuster David V. Goeddel Avram Goldstein Joseph L. Goldstein William E. Gordon Ronald L. Graham Larry A. Green Melvin M. Grumbach Norman Hackerman William M. Haney, III Samuel F. Heffner, Jr. Maureen M. Henderson James F. Hinchman Pierre C. Hohenberg Leroy Hood Sarah B. Hrdy A. James Hudspeth Peter Barton Hutt Howard W. Johnson Marie-Louise T. Johnson Thomas Kailath Alice Kandell Samuel L. Katz Walter Kauzmann William N. Kelley David M. Kipnis Konrad B. Krauskopf Charlotte V. Kuh M. Daniel Lane James S. Langer LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr. James S. Lieberman Hans W. Liepmann Gwilym S. Lodwick, II R. Duncan Luce Margaret E. Mahoney Richard J. Mahoney Ernest Mario Angela B. McBride Maclyn McCarty Roger O. McClellan Richard A. McCray Steven L. McKnight Robert L. Metzenberg Ronald D. Miller George P. Mitchell James K. Mitchell Mario J. Molina John A. Moore* Arno G. Motulsky Oliver E. Nelson* Robert M. Nerem Patricia S. Nettleship Quigg Newton Alfred Nisonoff* Masayasu Nomura J. L. Oncley Stuart H. Orkin June E. Osborn Mary Jane Osborn John W. Owen Sanford L. Palay John A. Parrish Ruth Patrick Robert G. Petersdorf Bernard Phinney Fred Plum Frank Press Roy Radner Simon Ramo Helen M. Ranney George B. Rathmann Peter H. Raven George G. Reader Howard Reiss John D. Roberts Robert D. Rogers A. K. Romney Mark R. Rosenzweig Stephen J. Ryan Harvey S. Sadow Joseph E. Scherger Robert W. Schrier Andrew M. Sessler Richard B. Setlow Kenneth I. Shine The Presidents, Circle Eric M. Shooter Stephen M. Shortell Dorothy Simpson Maxine F. Singer Emil L. Smith William N. Spellacy Kurt C. Stange Donald F. Steiner Joan A. Steitz Paul K. Stumpf Albert J. Stunkard Harry Suhl Patrick Suppes Deborah Szekely Jack W. Szostak S. Jerome Tamkin Samuel O. Thier Shirley M. Tilghman Harold E. Varmus Andrew J. Viterbi Peter K. Vogt Peter A. Ward Gail L. Warden Willis H. Ware Irving L. Weissman James A. Wells W. Hall Wendel, Jr. John C. Westwater Susan E. Whitehead Gail R. Wilensky Bryan Williams Margaret S. Wilson Charles Yanofsky Elias A. Zerhouni Michael Zubkoff The Presidents' Circle is a support group of individuals from the private sector who advocate a greater awareness of science and technolo~y in our society and a better understandin~ of the work of the Na- ~ c~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ .. . . ~ ~ ~ . ~ . .. . . ~ ~ ~ . . ~ ~ ... . ~ ~ ~ . . t~onal Academy oJ ~c~ences, Nat~onal Academy oJ ~ng~neer~ng, and lnst~tute oJ Med~c~ne. Bruce Alberts Jack R. Anderson Barbara Barrett Thomas D. Barrow Warren L. Batts * Recently Deceased 32 Berkley Bedell Bruce D. Benson Diane Bernstein R. Stephen Berry E. Milton Bevington Richard A. Bloch Elkan R. Blout Richard W. Bowen, II Herbert W. Boyer E. Cabell Brand Malin Burnham Dan W. Burns Fletcher L. Byrom Louis W. Cabot Wiley N. Caldwell

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George Campbell, Jr. David R. Challoner James McConnell Clark Dollie Cole W. Dale Compton Nancy E. Conrad Howard E. Cox, Jr. Charles W. Duncan, Jr. George C. Eads James D. Ebert* John Everets, Jr. Harold J. Fallon James L. Ferguson George M. C. Fisher Harold K. Forsen William L. Friend Robert E. Fuisz John Brooks Fuqua Raymond E. Galvin Robert W. Galvin Barnett Grace Ronald L. Graham Paul E. Gray Cecil H. Green E. Andrews Grinstead* Ruth H. Grobstein Jerome H. Grossman Norman Hackerman Jack Halpern William M. Haney, III Samuel F. Heffner, Jr. William R. Hewlett* Jane Hirsh Robert S. Ingersoll M. Blakeman Ingle Robert L. James Howard W. Johnson Kenneth A. Jonsson Philip Jonsson Alice Kandell John F. Keane, Sr. William F. Kieschnick William I. Koch Jill Howell Kramer John H. Krehbiel, Jr. James S. Langer Gerald D. Laubach Steve Lazarus Fred W. Lyons, Jr. Gloria C. L. Ma Richard J. Mahoney Thomas J. Malone Robert H. Malott Thomas A. Mann Ernest Mario Burton J. McMurtry Charles H. McTier Kamal K. Midha G. William Miller George P. Mitchell Joe F. Moore David T Morgenthaler Darla Mueller Dianne Ferrell Neal Patricia S. Nettleship Guy W. Nichols Ralph S. O'Connor Peter O'Donnell, Jr. Jack S. Parker Gerald Paul Charles M. Pigott Jody Potts Frank Press Robert A. Pritzker Allen E. Puckett George B. Rathmann Other Individual Donors Recognizing individuals who contributed up to $999 to the National Academies in 2001. Francois M. Abboud Faye G. Abdellah Herbert L. Abrams Robert McC. Adams Julius Adler John E. Affeldt P. Bai Akridge Myron Allukian, Jr. Joel J. Alpert Lawrence K. Altman Javier Alvarez Walter Alvarez Kinsey A. Anderson Theodore W. Anderson Philip S. Anton Susan Anton * Recently Deceased Charles W. Robinson Robert D. Rogers Neil R. Rolde Hinda G. Rosenthal F. S. Rowland Jillian Sackler Harvey S. Sadow Charles A. Sanders Collin W. Scarborough Sara Lee Schupf H. R. Shepherd Kenneth I. Shine Dorothy Simpson Georges C. St. Laurent, Jr. Deborah Szekely Robert V. Waltemeyer Robert H. Waterman W. Hall Wendel, Jr. John C. Westwater Susan E. Whitehead Sheila E. Widnall Margaret S. Wilson Wm. A. Wulf Tadataka Yamada Alejandro Zaffaroni Edward M. Arnett Ruth Atherton John P. Atkinson Sylvia B. Aust W. Gerald Austen Joan K. Austin Robert H. Austin Mary E. Avery Julius Axelrod Daniel L. Azarnoff Howard L. Bailit Paul T. Baker Ransom L. Baldwin Robert M. Ball Robert W. Balluffi William A. Bardeen Grigory I. Barenblatt Jeremiah A. Barondess George A. Bartholomew William Baxt William G. Baxt Gordon A. Baym Roger N. Beachy John C. Beck Richard E. Behrman Helmut Beinert Marlene Belfort Baruj Benacerraf Manson Benedict Leslie Z. Benet Michael V. L. Bennett John A. Benson, Jr. Charles E. Benton, Jr. Robert W. Berliner* Howard A. Bern Kenneth I. Berns Lionel M. Bernstein Jerome A. Berson William Bevan Rodger C. Birt Mina J. Bissell Robert L. Black Allison Blakely Robert J. Blendon Clara D. Bloomfield Baruch S. Blumberg Thomas F. Boat Allan G. Bogue

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Stuart Bondurant Desmonique Bonet Richard J. Bonnie J. Lyle Bootman William H. Bowen F. R. Boyd, Jr. John S. Boyer John I. Brauman Robert L. Brent Jan L. Breslow Victoria R. Bricker Steven P. Briggs William R. Brinkley William A. Brock Harvey Brooks Carolyn T. Brown George Bruening Kathleen C. Buckwalter Thomas F. Budinger Martin J. Bukovac Benjamin S. Bunney E. M. Burbidge Maurice B. Burg Ann W. Burgess Raymond Buriel George E. Burket Donald L. Burkholder Ruth E. Burks R. H. Burris Kim K. Burson Alexander X. Byrd John Cairns, Jr. Allan Campbell Charles C. Capen William B. Carey Vivian Carpenter William T. Carpenter, Jr. Marc A. Carrasco Michael R. Carrasco A. W. Castleman, Jr. Webster K. Cavenee Britton Chance Robbin Chapman John S. Chipman Rita K. Chow Alice Clark George W. Clark * Recently Deceased 34 Frederick J. Clarke* Abraham Clearfield John A. Clements Linda H. Clever Jewel P. Cobb V. Frank Cody Michael D. Coe D. Walter Cohen Joel E. Cohen Marshall H. Cohen Mary Sue Coleman Barry S. Coller Yolanda L. Comedy John J. Conger Allan H. Conney Robert E. Connick Edward J. Connors Esther M. Conwell Max D. Cooper Matthew S. Cottle Arthur Coury Gerald R. Crabtree David Cranford Ralph Crawshaw Jose R. Criado John C. Crowell Deidre H. Crumbley Barbara J. Culliton G. Brent Dalrymple Ingrid Daubechies William H. Daughaday Norman Davidson* David R. Davies Joanne Davila George K. Davis James 0. Davis Raymond Davis, Jr. Rheba de Tornyay Catherine D. DeAngelis Don U. Deere Thomas DeFrantz Theresa A. Delgadillo Paul M. Densen Charles H. DePuy Robert A. Derzon Roman W. DeSanctis David K. Detweiler Kurt W. Deuschle Peter B. Dews William H. Dietz David L. Dilcher Juanita Dimas Charles A. Dinarello Jack E. Dixon Steven J. Doherty Sarah S. Donaldson J. L. Doob Paul M. Doty Harry G. Drickamer* Renato Dulbecco Floyd Dunn Johanna T. Dwyer James L. Dye Dean E. Eastman David M. Eddy Isidore S. Edelman John M. Eisenberg* Leon Eisenberg Neil J. Elgee Peter Elias* Ernest L. Eliel Mostafa A. El-Sayed S. W. Englander Robert M. Epstein W. G. Ernst Carroll L. Estes E. Harvey Estes, Jr. C. McCollister Evarts Claire M. Fagin Stefan S. Fajans Harold J. Fallon Saul J. Farber Edgardo T. Farinas David S. Farrar Anthony S. Fauci Don W. Fawcett Gary Felsenfeld George B. Field Stanley Fields Gerald D. Fischbach Paul M. Fischer Alfred P. Fishman Gregory Florant Christopher C. Fordham, III Daniel W. Foster Henry W. Foster, Jr. Alan B. Fowler T. Kenneth Fowler Wilson A. Francisco Richard G. Frank Ronald Freedman Emil Frei, III William D. Fullerton Robert F. Furchgott Mitchell H. Gail Mary K. Gaillard Joseph G. Gall Andres J. Garcia Doris L. Garraway Eva M. Garroutte Stanley M. Gartler F. W. Gehring E. Peter Geiduschek Robert J. Genco Ted M. George BarbaraA. Gilchrest Sid Gilman David Ginsburg Robert J. Glaser Andrew M. Gleason Robert M. Glickman Morton F. Goldberg Angela A. Gonzales Vanna A. Gonzales Robert A. Good Ward H. Goodenough Susan Goodman Richard M. Goody Emil C. Gotschlich Robert Graham Paul Gray Louis C. Green Venus Green J. Lee Greene Tibor J. Greenwalt Robert B. Griffiths Ruth T. Gross Michael Grossman Ernest Grunwald* Fernando A. Guerra Keith Guinn

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Laurie M. Gunter Walter Guralnick Kim F. Hall Charles R. Halpern Charles B. Hammond Robert L. Hampton Philip C. Hanawalt Stanley R. Hart James G. Haughton Richard J. Havel Elizabeth D. Hay Rosetta R. Haynes Ruby P. Hearn Jerris R. Hedges D. S. Heeschen Ernest M. Henley Jane E. Henney Theodore M. Hesburgh Howard H. Hiatt Elizabeth S. Higginbotham Robert L. Hill John P. Hirth Mahlon Hoagland Joseph F. Hoffman David S. Hogness John R. Hogness Heinrich D. Holland Jonathan S. Holloway Edward W. Holmes Philip S. Holzman Dwight N. Hopkins Thomas F. Hornbein James S. House William W. Howells Peter M. Howley William N. Hubbard, Jr. John P. Huchra Vernon W. Hughes Shari M. Huhndorf John R. Huizenga Sian M. Hunter Jerard Hurwitz Steven E. Hyman Richard O. Hynes Alex Inkeles Shinya Inoue Kurt J. Isselbacher * Recently Deceased J. David Jackson James S. Jackson John L. Jackson, Jr. Arthur M. Jaffe Andre T. Jagendorf Dean T. Jamison Charles A. Janeway, Jr. William P. Jencks Richard T. Johnson George H. Jones Jennifer A. Jordan Michael M. Kaback Richard V. Kadison Jerome Karle Arthur Karlin Robert W. Kates Haig H. Kazazian, Jr. Edmond J. Keller K. I. Kellermann Amanda Kemp Hans J. Kende David W. Kennedy William B. Kerr H. Gobind Khorana Charles A. Kiesler Edwin D. Kilbourne Sung Wang Kim James L. Kinsey Seymour J. Klebanoff Nancy Kleckner Claude B. Klee Luella Klein Miles V. Klein Irving M. Klotz Franklin W. Knight Andrew H. Knoll Leon Knopoff Alfred G. Knudson, Jr. Richard D. Kolodner C. Everett Koop Edward A. Kravitz Norman M. Kroll Kristin Kuntz Duriseti Sydney Kustu Arthur Landy Martin G. Larrabee Judi M. Latta Judith R. Lave Robert S. Lawrence Peter D. Lax Alexander Leaf Anthony Leggett Patricia Davis Lemessy William J. Lennarz Nelson J. Leonard Aaron B. Lerner Alan I. Leshner Johanna M. H. Levelt Sengers Willem J. M. Levelt Simon A. Levin Raphael D. Levine C. S. Levings, III Norman G. Levinsky Olga F. Linares W. Carl Lineberger Rodolfo R. Llinas Irving M. London Noel Longuemare Richard M. Losick Stephen Ludwig Akinlawon Mabogunje Maureen Mahon Anthony P. Mahowald Thomas F. Malone Amelia Mangay-Maglacas Robert W. Mann Vincent T. Marchesi Rudolph A. Marcus George M. Martin Joseph B. Martin Teresita Martinez-Vergne Ida M. Martinson Phyllis M. May-Machunda Elizabeth R. McAnarney Edward R. McCabe Charles A. McCallum Donald S. McClure Marie C. McCormick Hugh O. McDevitt Bruce S. McEwen Kenneth G. McKay Christopher F. McKee J. Alexander McMahon Barbara J. McNeil Merrill Meadow Jack H. Medalie Sherman M. Mellinkoff Jane Menken Richard A. Merrill Ronald E. Mickens John W. Miles Tiya A. Miles I. George Miller, Jr. Mary Beth Miller Jacob Mincer Beatrice Mintz Mortimer Mishkin James J. Mongan Harley W. Moon Peter B. Moore Victoria Mora James M. Moran Peter J. Morris Edward A. Mortimer, Jr. Wilson J. Moses Bernard Moss John H. Moxley, III Sezaki K. Mtingwa Fitzhugh Mullan Ed A. Munoz Jack Myers Graciela P. Nemes Eugene W. Nester Eviatar Nevo Norman D. Newell Elena O. Nightingale Donald W. Novotny Charles P. O'Brien Daniel A. Okun Jerrold M. Olefsky Gordon H. Orians Douglas D. Osheroff Larry E. Overman Ingrid Y. Padilla Ronald J. Palmer Charles S. Parmenter Robert G. Parr George W. Parshall Barbara H. Partee Robert E. Patricelli ~J

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Kenneth J. Payne Desiree Pedescleaux David D. Perkins Kathy Perkins Margo V. Perkins J. Warren Perry Daniel W. Pettengill Gordon H. Pettengill William H. Pickering Chester M. Pierce Elizabeth H. Pisares Roy M. Pitkin Jeffrey L. Platt Mary L. Polan Leopold J. Pospisil Deborah E. Powell William H. Press Ronald F. Probstein Frank W. Putnam Paul H. Rabinowitz Mitchell T. Rabkin J. E. Rall Mamphela A. Ramphele Paul G. Ramsey Malcom Randall John G. Ratcliffe Marina Ratner Carolyn Rebbert E. Albert Reece Lester J. Reed Linda Reed Richard J. Reed Arnold S. Relman Kenneth A. Ribet Alexander Rich Frederic M. Richards Julius B. Richmond Burton Richter Lorrin A. Riggs Matilda W. Riley David L. Rimoin Victor Rios, Jr. Frederick C. Robbins Doris E. Roberts Eugene Roberts Lee N. Robins Cedric J. Robinson * Recently Deceased 36 Paul Grant Rogers Rolando J. Romero William L. Roper Renato Rosaldo Leon E. Rosenberg Murray Rosenblatt Walter A. Rosenblith Lewis P. Rowland Thomas C. Rozzell Erkki Ruoslahti David C. Sabiston, Jr. Jeremy A. Sabloff David H. Sachs Vinod K. Sahney Martin R. Saiz N. P. Samios Tess Samuel Paul A. Samuelson Anthony San Pietro Sonia Santa Anna Alan C. Sartorelli Charles H. Sawyer Laura J. Scalia Howard K. Schachman Leonard D. Schaeffer Randy Schekman Gerold L. Schiebler Paul R. Schimmel Richard M. Schoen William R. Schowalter Steven A. Schroeder Sonja L. Schutz John H. Schwarz Matthew P. Scott Nevin S. Scrimshaw William R. Sears Sheldon J. Segal Andrea D. Sewell Ethel Shanas Iris R. Shannon Ascher H. Shapiro Larry J. Shapiro Aaron J. Shatkin Eleanor B. Sheldon George F. Sheldon John F. Sherman Charles J. Sherr Gen Shirane George A. Silver Leon T. Silver Robert M. Silverstein Jeanne C. Sinkford Robert L. Sinsheimer G. William Skinner William S. Sly Joseph V. Smith Ralph Snyderman Robert R. Sokal Albert J. Solnit David H. Solomon Daniel Solorzano Candace M. Sorensen Harold C. Sox, Jr. Robert D. Sparks Frank E. Speizer Charles C. Sprague Franklin W. Stahl Peter J. Stang Barbara Starfield Robert Steinberg Donald M. Steinwachs Thomas A. Steitz Judith S. Stern, R.D. John D. Stobo Gilbert Stork Robert Straus F. W. Studier Norman Sutin Morton N. Swartz Herbert Tabor Paul Talalay Katherine Tate Beverly Daniel Tatum Thomas N. Taylor Owsei Temkin George A. Thompson James C. Thompson Gerald E. Thomson David J. Thouless Maury Tigner M. Tinkham Judith E. Tintinalli Isabel Tirado Barbara Boyle Torrey Charles H. Townes Robert E. Tranquada George H. Trilling James H. Tumlinson, III Karl K. Turekian Michael S. Turner Susan Turner-Lowe J. Anthony Tyson David Ucko Jonathan W. Uhr Roger H. Unger Leslie G. Ungerleider Arthur C. Upton William N. Valentine Martha Vaughan Diego Vigil Peter H. von Hippel Kenneth W. Wachter David B. Wake Salih J. Wakil Duard L. Walker Edward E. Wallach Cheves Walling Christopher T. Walsh Wendy S. Walters L. Emmerson Ward Kenneth E. Warner Andrew Washabaugh Harry H. Wasserman George D. Watkins Bryce Weir John A. Wheeler John R. Whinnery Gilbert F. White Raymond P. White, Jr. Albert E. Whitford* M. Donald Whorton Benjamin Widom Carl E. Wieman James T. Willerson Kim M. Williams T. Franklin Williams Ruby L. Wilson Evelyn M. Witkin Owen N. Witte Edward Witten Gerald N. Wogan

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William B. Wood, III H. Boyd Woodruff Theodore E. Woodward H. E. Wright, Jr. Susan M. Wyatt James B. Wyngaarden Keith R. Yamamoto The W. Alton Jones Foundation, Inc. Atlantic Philanthropies (USA), Inc. The AYCO Charitable Foundation Baltimore Community Foundation Burroughs Wellcome Fund Carnegie Corporation of New York The Annie E. Casey Foundation Charitable Gift Fund The Commonwealth Fund Community Foundation for Southeastern Michigan The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation, Inc. The Ellison Medical Foundation The Ford Foundation Foundation for Child Development William T. Grant Foundation Greenwall Foundation The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Jewish Federation of St. Louis The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Joyce Foundation The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation American Petroleum Institute Applied Biosystems AT&T Corporation AT&T Foundation ATOFINA Chemicals, Inc. Battelle Memorial Institute Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association ChevronTexaco Corporation The Dow Chemical Company E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Gas Research Institute Genentech, Inc. General Motors Corporation GlaxoSmithKline HPSC, Inc. Intel Corporation Johnson & Johnson Ioannis V. Yannas Richard Yarborough Rafia Zafar Maria E. Zavala Foundations Jan A. D. Zeevaart H. Glenn Ziegenfuss George D. Zuidema W. M. Keck Foundation W. K. Kellogg Foundation The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation The Marianthi Foundation, Inc. The Marian and Speros Martel Foundation Robert R. McCormick Tribune Foundation The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Milbank Memorial Fund The New York Community Trust Open Society Institute The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Peninsula Community Foundation The Pew Charitable Trusts The Rockefeller Foundation Sealark Foundation The Seattle Foundation Alfred P. Sloan Foundation The Spencer Foundation WEM Foundation The Whitaker Foundation The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation Corporations Large Scale Proteomics Corporation The Lubrizol Corporation Lynx Therapeutics, Inc. Microsoft Corporation The Nettleship Group Partners HealthCare Systems, Inc. Pfizer, Inc. Philip Morris Companies, Inc. Phylos, Inc. The Procter & Gamble Company Prolinx, Inc. Research Corporation Rohm & Haas Company Schlumberger Foundation, Inc. Structural Bioinformatics, Inc. United HealthCare Corporation The UPS Foundation ~7

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Other Organizations Advanced Medical Technology Association The Agouron Institute Alfred University American Association of Petroleum Geologists Foundation American Cancer Society, Inc. American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine American Feed Industry Association, Inc. American Geological Institute American Psychological Association American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners American Trucking Association ASPET Association of American Medical Colleges Association of American Railroads Center for the Public Domain Arthur L. & Margaret Day Trust 38 Environmental Systems Research Institute Fetzer Institute Institute for Business & Home Safety National Asphalt and Pavement Association National Multiple Sclerosis Society The New-Land Foundation, Inc. Nuclear Threat Initiative Parkland Health & Hospital System The Philadelphia Foundation The Presidio Trust Society for Research in Child Development Southwest Texas State University Stanford University World Health Organization Yale University