TABLE 15 Employment Characteristics Among Persons with and Without Disabilities, with and Without Adjustments for Age and Gender, California, 1999

 

 

Unadjusted

Age and Gender Adjusted

Employment Characteristic

All Persons

Without Disability

With Disability

Without Disability

With Disability

All-employed, age 18–64, n

1,220

1,099

121

Self-employed (percent)

13.6

13.2

17.4

15.1

18.3

Working day shift (percent)

77.5

77.9

73.6

79.8

73.6

Flexible hours (percent)

55.2

55.6

52.1

55.5

52.8

Work at home all the time (percent)

5.9

5.4

9.9a

6.3

10.2

Contingent employment (percent)b

10.7

10.5

13.2

9.8

12.7

Not permanent job (percent)

8.8

8.6

9.9

8.3

10.0

Temp agency employed (percent)

2.9

2.6

5.0

2.5

4.6

Job tenure (percent with years on job):

 

One year or less

24.2

23.5

30.6

>1 to 5 years

34.8

34.8

33.9

6 to 10 years

17.9

18.2

14.9

More than 10 years

22.9

23.1

20.7

Less than 5 years on job (percent)

53.1

52.4

59.5

45.9

56.8a

Less than 1 year on job (percent)

19.3

18.7

24.8

15.7

24.2a

Job tenure, mean

6.8

6.2

8.0

6.5a

Psychological characteristics of jobs

 

Required to learn new things

89.5

88.9

94.2

89.1

94.6

Has little freedom to decide how to do work

25.2

25.2

24.8

23.9

24.9

Makes a lot of decisions on one’s own

82.0

82.0

82.6

83.4

83.0

Has enough time to get job done

77.5

77.8

75.2

76.8

74.6

Required to work very fast without breaks

43.0

43.4

38.8

42.6

38.9

High-demand, low-control jobc

14.7

14.9

11.6

11.7

14.6

ap < .05.

bContingent employment includes nonpermanent workers and temporary agency employees.

cA job is considered to be high demand and low control if the respondent states that he or she has little freedom to decide how to do the job, and either does not have time to get the job done or is required to work very fast without breaks.

SOURCE: Authors’ analyses of the California Work and Health Survey.



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