significantly in the percentage reporting being self-employed, working a day shift, having flexible hours of employment, and having contingent employment, or in the psychological characteristics of jobs.

Job Displacement and Accession

The biannual Bureau of Labor Statistics survey used to establish the rate of job displacement does not include a measure of disability status. Accordingly, we use the California Work and Health Survey to analyze differences between persons with and without disabilities in rates of job loss (Table 16). In contrast to the findings with respect to working conditions, persons with disabilities reported much higher rates of job displacement than those without; adjustment for age and gender did not alter this finding. Thus, persons with disabilities were almost twice as likely to report job loss in the year prior to the survey as those without (17.0 versus 9.6 percent). Such persons were more than 70 percent more likely to report job loss in the three years prior to the survey (33.0 versus 19.1 percent). Using the federal government’s strict definition of job displacement—job loss in the past three years among persons 20 and over who had held the job for three or more years—persons with disabilities were more than 75 percent more likely to have met this criterion than those without disabili-

TABLE 16 Involuntary Job Loss Among Persons with and Without Disabilities, with and Without Adjustments for Age and Gender, California, 1999

 

 

Unadjusted

Age and Gender Adjusted

Involuntary Job Loss

All Persons

Without Disability

With Disability

Without Disability

With Disability

All persons, age 18–64, employed within past 3 years

1,503

1,316

188

Job loss in past year

10.5

9.6

17.0a

8.6

17.2a

Job loss in past 3 years

20.8

19.1

33.0a

17.6

33.0a

Displacedb in past 3 years

7.0

6.4

11.4a

6.8

11.5a

ap < .05

bDefinition of displacement used by the federal government: person aged 20 or over, with at least 3 years’ tenure on job.

SOURCE: Authors’ analyses of the California Work and Health Survey.



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