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OCR for page 399
Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism D Acronyms and Abbreviations 3G third generation AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service API American Petroleum Institute ARO Army Research Office ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATF Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms ATP Advanced Technology Program (at NIST) BW biological warfare CBACI Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute CBIRF Chemical, Biological Incident Response Force CBO Congressional Budget Office CBRNE chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive CDC (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CFD computational fluid dynamics CFR Code of Federal Regulations CHIPS Clearing House Interbank Payments System CIA Central Intelligence Agency
OCR for page 400
Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism C3I command, control, communications, and information CRS Congressional Research Service CSTB Computer Science and Telecommunications Board C-TPAT Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism CW chemical weapons DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DDOS distributed denial-of-service (attack) DI deionized DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DOC Department of Commerce DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DOJ Department of Justice DOT Department of Transportation DSL digital subscriber line DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency EHV extra high voltage EIA Energy Information Administration EMP electromagnetic pulse EOC emergency operations center EOP Executive Office of the President EPA Environmental Protection Agency EPRI Electric Power Research Institute FAA Federal Aviation Administration FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FCC Federal Communications Commission FDA Food and Drug Administration FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission FFRDC federally funded research and development center FOIA Freedom of Information Act GIS geographic information system GN&C guidance, navigation, and control GNP gross national product GOCO government-owned, contractor-operated GTI Gas Technology Institute HACCP Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (an FDA program) HE high explosives
OCR for page 401
Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism HEPA high-efficiency particulate air (filter) HEU highly enriched uranium HHS Department of Health and Human Services HSC Homeland Security Council HVAC heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IMS ion mobility spectrometer IND investigational new drug IND improvised nuclear device IOM Institute of Medicine IPP independent power producers IRS Internal Revenue Service ISO independent system operator IT information technology IU intelligent information unit IW information warfare LAN local area network LD50 lethal dose at which 50 percent of the exposed subjects die LDC local distribution company LNG liquefied natural gas m2/g square meters per gram MANET mobile ad hoc network MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MPC&A material protection, control, and accounting MWS multisensor warning systems 14N the most common isotope of nitrogen NARUC National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NDEA National Defense Education Act NDMS National Disaster Medical System NEHRP National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program NEI Nuclear Energy Institute NFPA National Fire Protection Association NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIH National Institutes of Health NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
OCR for page 402
Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism NNSA National Nuclear Security Administration NPC National Petroleum Council NPP nuclear power plant NQR nuclear quadrupole resonance NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation NSTC National Science and Technology Council OHS Office of Homeland Security OMB Office of Management and Budget ONR Office of Naval Research OPCW Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PAL permissive action link PCAST President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology PCCIP President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection PCR polymerase chain reaction PDD62 Presidential Decision Directive No. 62 PDD63 Presidential Decision Directive No. 63 picogra m a trillionth (10-12) of a gram PETN pentaerythritol tetranitrate, a high explosive PPE personal protective equipment PRA probabilistic risk assessment Pu plutonium QA quality analysis QC quality control R&D research and development RAM-D reliability, availability, maintainability, and durability RDD radiological dispersal device RDT&E research, development, test, and evaluation RDX 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane, a high explosive RF radio frequency RTO regional transmission operator S&T science and technology SBIR Small Business Innovation Research SCADA supervisory control and data acquisition SEC Securities and Exchange Commission SNM special nuclear material SWIFT Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication
OCR for page 403
Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism TIC toxic industrial chemical TMR tactical mobile robotics TNT 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, a high explosive TSA Transportation Security Administration USCOM U.S. Conference of Mayors USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USNRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission VX O-ethyl, S[2-(diisopropyl amino) ethyl]methylphosphonothiolate, a nerve agent WHO World Health Organization WMD weapons of mass destruction WWI World War I WWII World War II XML extensible markup language Y2K year 2000
OCR for page 404
Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism This page intentionally left blank.
Representative terms from entire chapter: