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Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa Appendixes

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Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa This page in the original is blank.

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Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members JOHN R. JENSEN, chair, is a Carolina Distinguished Professor in the Department of Geography at the University of South Carolina. He majored in physical geography and analytical cartography and remote-sensing at the following institutions: B.A., California State University at Fullerton, 1971; master’s, Brigham Young University, 1972; Ph.D., UCLA, 1976. He has mentored 50 master’s students and 22 Ph.D.’s in remote-sensing. Dr. Jensen’s research has focused on: (1) remote sensing of coastal wetland biophysical resources (biomass, leaf-area-index, percent canopy closure); (2) development of improved digital image-processing algorithms to extract and model change; (3) development of error evaluation statistics for assessing the accuracy of multiple-date change detection, (4) improvement of the remote-sensing and GIS-supported coastal environmental sensitivity index (ESI) mapping used worldwide for protecting coastal resources in the event of an oil spill; and (5) modeling water quality parameters (chlorophyll, dissolved inorganic matter, suspended sediment) in estuaries and reservoirs using high spatial and spectral resolution remote sensor data. He is a past president of the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. KWESI BOTCHWEY is the director of Africa research and programs at the Center for International Development at Harvard University and was the minister of finance in Ghana from 1982 to 1995. As minister of finance he was key to the implementation of one of the most far-reaching economic reform programs in sub-Saharan Africa. He holds a bachelor of law degree from the University of Ghana, a master’s degree in law from Yale Law School, and a doctorate from the University of Michigan Law School. He has taught at the University of Zambia, University of Dar es Salaam, and the University of Ghana. Dr. Botchwey is a member of a panel of high-level personalities on African development set up by the U.N. Secretary-General and has served as the chairman of the Economic Committee of the Global Coalition for Africa since its inception. He also serves on a number of other important boards, including those of the African Capacity Building Foundation and the African Economic Research Consortium. He has consulted widely for a number of international institutions, including the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, UNDP, UNCTAD, and the Commonwealth Secretariat. ELLEN BRENNAN-GALVIN is chief of the Population Policy Section of the U.N. Population Division. Since the early 1980s, she has conducted research on urbanization and urban environmental issues in more than 20 cities throughout Asia, Africa, and Latin America and is the author of numerous case studies published by the United Nations. She is a member of the U.S. National Research Council’s Committee on Population and the Panel on Urban Population Dynamics. Dr. Brennan-Galvin is a resident fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C., where she will work on a project entitled “Beyond Pretty Maps: Geographic Information Technology in Urban Governance.” Dr. Brennan-Galvin is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Smith College, holds an M.A. and a Ph.D. from Columbia University, and was a population council fellow, studying demography at the Office of Population Research, Princeton University. CHRIS J. JOHANNSEN is professor of agronomy and director, Laboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing, Purdue University. His B.S. and M.S. degrees are from University of Nebraska and his Ph.D. is from Purdue University. Dr. Johannsen has worked on soil conservation, land use, and precision farming topics using remote-sensing and GIS and GPS technologies. He is the author or coauthor of over 185 articles, papers, and book chapters and has edited a book on remote-sensing. Dr. Johannsen is active in many professional societies, having served as international president of the Soil and Water Conservation Society (SWCS). He is a

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Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa fellow of SWCS, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, and the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. He is recognized as a national and international authority on land use and agricultural applications of remote-sensing. CALESTOUS JUMA is professor of the practice of international development and director of the Science, Technology, and Innovation program at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. He is a former executive secretary of the U.N. Convention on Biological Diversity and founding executive director of the African Centre for Technology Studies in Nairobi (Kenya). He is chancellor of the University of Guyana, a member of the Kenya National Academy of Sciences, fellow of the World Academy of Art and Science, fellow of the New York Academy of Sciences, and member of the U.S. National Research Council’s Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources. He has won several international awards, including the Pew Scholars Award in Conservation and the Environment, the United Nations Global 500, and the Henry Shaw Medal. He holds a Ph.D. in science and technology policy studies from the science policy research unit at the University of Sussex (U.K.) and has written widely on science, technology, and sustainable development. AKIN L. MABOGUNJE is the chairman of the Development Policy Centre, Ibadan, Nigeria. His research interests include migrations, urban and regional development, and environmental management. He was formerly professor of geography and dean of the Faculty of the Social Sciences at the University of Ibadan and former president of the International Geographical Union. He is a foreign associate of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and a recipient of both the Nigerian National Order of Merit and Commander of the Order of the Niger. ROBERTA BALSTAD MILLER is director of the Center for International Earth Science Information Network, Columbia University. Her research interests include the role of the social sciences in public policy in South Africa and the integration of socioeconomic and remote-sensing data. She has served as director of the Division of Social and Economic Sciences at the U.S. National Science Foundation and was founder and first executive director of COSSA, the Consortium of Social Science Associations. Dr. Miller was a senior fellow at Oxford University in 1991-92 and guest scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in 1994. She chairs the U.S. National Research Council’s Steering Committee on Space Applications and Commercialization and serves on the Committee on Global Change Research. KEVIN PRICE is a professor of geography and associate director of the Kansas Applied Remote Sensing program at the University of Kansas. He received a B.S. and M.S. from Brigham Young University in botany and range science and a Ph.D. in geography from the University of Utah. He has 225 publications, has presented 159 scientific papers, and is principal/co-principal investigator on 73 grants/contracts totaling over $21 million. He has ongoing research and educational activities in the U.S. Great Plains, Central Asia, Mexico, Central America, and south-central Africa. His research focus is on land-cover and use characterization and earth system studies using observations made from satellite remote-sensing instruments. PRISCILLA REINING, a social anthropologist and Africanist, was formerly program director in the international office of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). She received an A.B., A.M., and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago, and is a fellow of AAAS, the African Studies Association, American Anthropological Association, and a member of the Society of Women Geographers. She is a board member of the Renewable Natural Resources Foundation. Dr. Reining has made numerous trips to Africa for field research, and an enduring concern is the relationship between human groups and their environment. DAVID L. SKOLE is professor of geography and director of the Basic Science and Remote Sensing Institute at Michigan State University. His research interests are focused on the role of land-use and cover change and its relation to global change and sustainability development. Much of the work involves remote-sensing at continental scales in both the tropics and temperate zones, including assessment of the rates and geographic patterns of tropical forest conversion and fragmentation. His research also incorporates geographical information and geospatial information technologies in interdisciplinary analyses of the drivers of landscape change and its effect on biodiversity and biogeochemistry of natural and managed landscapes. He is past chair of the IGBP-IHDP Core Project on Land Use and Cover Change. He currently serves as chair of the Forest Cover Characteristics and Changes Implementation team of the U.N. GTOS program on Global Observations of Land Cover Dynamics, and has served on several advisory committees to federal agencies and the aerospace and GIS industries in the United States. He is currently a member of the U.S. National Science Foundation Advisory Committee on Environmental Research and Education and a member of NASA’s Landsat 7 Science Team. ANDREW STANCIOFF is a natural resources and environmental consultant with Stone Environmental, Inc., of Montpelier, Vermont. His interests and recent research include work in climate-monitoring, poverty and vulnerability assessment, as well as disease and conflict prediction. Much of this work has been done in Africa. Mr. Stancioff spent

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Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa five years managing the USAID/CILSS AGRHYMET program in Niamey, Niger. He is a member of the Society of Economic Geologists and the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. In early 2001 Mr. Stancioff managed a project to create an atlas of poverty and vulnerability for the government of Niger with funding from the World Bank. He recently taught a course at Georgetown University entitled Environment, Resources and Conflict. FRASER TAYLOR is Chancellor’s Professor of International Affairs and Geography and Environmental Studies at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. He is also director of the Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre and the Centre for Development Research and Training at the university. He has worked extensively on African development issues and has published widely in this field. A major research interest is the application of geomatics to development problems. Dr. Taylor also has extensive publications in the field of geomatics and cartography. He is an honorary life member of the Canadian Association of African Studies and served as president of the International Cartographic Association from 1987 to 1995. He is currently president of the Canadian Association of Geosciences and History for the Americas and chairman of the International Steering Committee for Global Mapping. NRC Staff PAUL M. CUTLER, study director, is a program officer for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. He received a bachelor’s degree from Manchester University, England, a master’s degree from the University of Toronto, and a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. Prior to joining the NRC Dr. Cutler was an assistant scientist and lecturer in the Department of Geology and Geophysics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research is in surficial processes, specifically glaciology, hydrology, and quaternary science. In addition to numerical modeling and GIS-based research he has conducted field studies in Alaska, Antarctica, arctic Sweden, the Swiss Alps, Pakistan’s Karakoram mountains, the midwestern United States, and Canadian Rockies. He is a member of the Geological Society of America, American Geophysical Union, Geological Society of Washington, and is a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. LISA M. VANDEMARK, study director, is a program officer for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. She has a Ph.D. in geography from Rutgers University and an M.S. in human ecology from the University of Brussels, Belgium. Her B.S. (nursing, specialty psychiatry) is also from Rutgers University. Prior to joining the NRC she was a research associate at the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, and an intern at the National Science Resources Center at the Smithsonian Institution. Her research interests include environmental perception and decision-making, natural resource management, land-use decisions, and the role of interdisciplinary studies in environmental protection. ANTHONY R. DE SOUZA is currently director of the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources at the National Research Council in Washington, D.C. Previously he was executive director of the National Geography Standards Project, secretary general of the 27th International Geographical Union Congress, editor of National Geographic Research & Exploration, and editor of the Journal of Geography. He has held positions as a professor and as a visiting teacher and scholar at the George Washington University, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, University of Minnesota, University of California-Berkeley, and University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. He has served as a member of NRC committees. He holds B.A. (honors) and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Reading in England, and has received numerous honors and awards, including the Medalla al Benito Juarez in 1992 and the Gilbert Grosvenor honors award from the Association of American Geographers in 1996. His research interests include the processes and mechanisms of economic development and human-environment relationships. He has published several books and more than 100 articles, reports, and reviews. KRISTEN L. KRAPF is a program officer for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. She received a bachelor’s and master’s degree in environmental sciences from the University of Virginia. Previously, she was director of programs at the Renewable Natural Resources Foundation in Bethesda, Maryland. She provided staff support for numerous inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary programs, including national meetings, roundtables on public policy, international activities, and annual achievement awards. She also participated in editing and producing the Renewable Resources Journal. She is a member of the Ecological Society of America and the Association of American Geographers. EILEEN M. McTAGUE is a research assistant for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. She holds an M.S. in environmental science from American University and a B.S. in biology from Pennsylvania State University. Ms. McTague has interned at the National Academy of Engineering, the Renewable Natural Resources Foundation, and Discovery Creek Children’s Museum. TERESIA K. WILMORE is a project assistant for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. She holds a B.A. in business management from the University of the District of Columbia. Previously, she was a secretary in Kenya for the Kenya School of Professional Studies and Cunningham G.M. (Kenya) Ltd.