five years managing the USAID/CILSS AGRHYMET program in Niamey, Niger. He is a member of the Society of Economic Geologists and the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. In early 2001 Mr. Stancioff managed a project to create an atlas of poverty and vulnerability for the government of Niger with funding from the World Bank. He recently taught a course at Georgetown University entitled Environment, Resources and Conflict.

FRASER TAYLOR is Chancellor’s Professor of International Affairs and Geography and Environmental Studies at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. He is also director of the Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre and the Centre for Development Research and Training at the university. He has worked extensively on African development issues and has published widely in this field. A major research interest is the application of geomatics to development problems. Dr. Taylor also has extensive publications in the field of geomatics and cartography. He is an honorary life member of the Canadian Association of African Studies and served as president of the International Cartographic Association from 1987 to 1995. He is currently president of the Canadian Association of Geosciences and History for the Americas and chairman of the International Steering Committee for Global Mapping.

NRC Staff

PAUL M. CUTLER, study director, is a program officer for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. He received a bachelor’s degree from Manchester University, England, a master’s degree from the University of Toronto, and a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. Prior to joining the NRC Dr. Cutler was an assistant scientist and lecturer in the Department of Geology and Geophysics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research is in surficial processes, specifically glaciology, hydrology, and quaternary science. In addition to numerical modeling and GIS-based research he has conducted field studies in Alaska, Antarctica, arctic Sweden, the Swiss Alps, Pakistan’s Karakoram mountains, the midwestern United States, and Canadian Rockies. He is a member of the Geological Society of America, American Geophysical Union, Geological Society of Washington, and is a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.

LISA M. VANDEMARK, study director, is a program officer for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. She has a Ph.D. in geography from Rutgers University and an M.S. in human ecology from the University of Brussels, Belgium. Her B.S. (nursing, specialty psychiatry) is also from Rutgers University. Prior to joining the NRC she was a research associate at the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, and an intern at the National Science Resources Center at the Smithsonian Institution. Her research interests include environmental perception and decision-making, natural resource management, land-use decisions, and the role of interdisciplinary studies in environmental protection.

ANTHONY R. DE SOUZA is currently director of the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources at the National Research Council in Washington, D.C. Previously he was executive director of the National Geography Standards Project, secretary general of the 27th International Geographical Union Congress, editor of National Geographic Research & Exploration, and editor of the Journal of Geography. He has held positions as a professor and as a visiting teacher and scholar at the George Washington University, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, University of Minnesota, University of California-Berkeley, and University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. He has served as a member of NRC committees. He holds B.A. (honors) and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Reading in England, and has received numerous honors and awards, including the Medalla al Benito Juarez in 1992 and the Gilbert Grosvenor honors award from the Association of American Geographers in 1996. His research interests include the processes and mechanisms of economic development and human-environment relationships. He has published several books and more than 100 articles, reports, and reviews.

KRISTEN L. KRAPF is a program officer for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. She received a bachelor’s and master’s degree in environmental sciences from the University of Virginia. Previously, she was director of programs at the Renewable Natural Resources Foundation in Bethesda, Maryland. She provided staff support for numerous inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary programs, including national meetings, roundtables on public policy, international activities, and annual achievement awards. She also participated in editing and producing the Renewable Resources Journal. She is a member of the Ecological Society of America and the Association of American Geographers.

EILEEN M. McTAGUE is a research assistant for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. She holds an M.S. in environmental science from American University and a B.S. in biology from Pennsylvania State University. Ms. McTague has interned at the National Academy of Engineering, the Renewable Natural Resources Foundation, and Discovery Creek Children’s Museum.

TERESIA K. WILMORE is a project assistant for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the U.S. National Research Council. She holds a B.A. in business management from the University of the District of Columbia. Previously, she was a secretary in Kenya for the Kenya School of Professional Studies and Cunningham G.M. (Kenya) Ltd.



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