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OCR for page 148
Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa D Acronyms AARSE African Association for Remote Sensing of Environment ACMAD African Centre of Meteorological Forecasting ACODE Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment ADDS Africa Data Dissemination Service ADG Africover Database Gateway AGRHYMET Agriculture, Hydrology, Meteorology Center AID Africover Interactive Database AIM Africover Interpretation and Mapping System ALC African Learning Channel ALIN Arid Lands Information Network ALIN-EA Arid Lands Information Network-Eastern Africa AMSR-E The Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-Earth Observing System AOCRS African Organization for Cartography and Remote Sensing ASARECA Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa ASCN African Sustainable Cities Network ASI Italian Spatial Agency ATSRA long Track Scanning Radiometer AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer BADEA Bank for Economic Development in Africa BATS Biosphere Atmosphere Transfer Scheme BIFAD Board for International Food and Agriculture Development BRGM Bureau of Geological and Mining Research CABGLEN Capacity Building for Geographic Information Production and Management for Sustainable Local Environment and Natural Resources Management CAD Computer Aided Design CBNRM Community Based Natural Resource Management CDMA Code Division Multiple Access CEN European Committee for Standardization CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites CERPOD Center of Applied Research in Population and Development CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research CIDA Canadian International Development Agency CIESIN Center for International Earth Science Information Network CILS CEOS Information Locator System
OCR for page 149
Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa CILSS Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel CIUEM Information Science Center, Eduardo Mondlane University CNRIT Center for Natural Resource Information Technology CODI Committee On Development Information CRSP Collaborative Research Support Program CRTEAN Regional Center for Remote Sensing of North African States CRTO Regional Center of Toronto CSE Ecological Monitoring Center CSIR Council for Science and Industrial Research DAAC Distributed Active Archive Center DANIDA Danish National Aid Program DBMS Database Management Systems DEM Digital Elevation Model DEVECOL Development Ecology DfID Department for International Development DHS Demographic and Health Surveys DIAPER Permanent Diagnostic Project DIGEST Digital Geographic Information Exchange Standards DISD Development Information Services Division DLR The German Center for Air and Space Travel DMC Drought Monitoring Center DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DOQQ Digital Orthophoto Quarter Quad DOT Digital Opportunities Taskforce ECA U.N. Economic Commission for Africa ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States EIS Environment Information Systems EOS Earth Observing System EPA Environmental Protection Agency EROS Earth Resources Observation Systems ERTS Earth Resources Technology Satellite (Later renamed Landsat) ESMI European Spatial Metadata Infrastructure ESRI Environmental Systems Research Institute ETM+ Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FDI Foreign Direct Investments FEWS NET Famine Early Warning System Network FEWS Famine Early Warning System FGDC Federal Geographic Data Committee FIPS Federal Information Processing Standards FPAR Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation FSS Federal School of Surveying FTP File Transfer Protocol GAC Global Area Coverage GDTA Aerospace Remote Sensing Development Group GIS Geographic Information System GISciences Geographic Information Sciences GISD Geographic Information for Sustainable Development GOFC Global Observations of Forest Cover GOLD Global Observations of Land Dynamics
OCR for page 150
Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa GPS Global Positioning System GPW Gridded Population of the World GRID Global Resource Information Database GSDI Global Spatial Data Infrastructure GSI Geographical Survey Institute GSM Global System for Mobile Communication GTOS Global Terrestrial Observing System GTS GNU Triangulated Surface GTZ German Agency for Technical Cooperation HIPC Highly indebted poor countries ICA International Cartographic Association ICLARM International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management ICLEI International Council for Local Environment Initiatives ICT Information and Communications Technology IDRC International Development Research Center IFREMER French Institute for Oceanic Research IGAD Intergovernmental Authority on Development IGADD Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development IGBP International Geosphere/Biosphere Programme IGBP-DIS International Geosphere/Biosphere Programme Data and Information System IGN National Geographic Institute IHDP International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change ILRI International Livestock Research Institute IMS Institute for Marine Sciences INEGI National Institute of Geographic and Information Science and Statistics INRSH Nigerian Institute of Social Science Research INSAH Institute of the Sahel IRI International Research Institute ISO International Standards Organization ISS International Space Station IUCN World Conservation Union JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory JRC Joint Research Center JSG Joint Steering Group KARI Kenya Agricultural Research Institute KEMFRI Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute LA21 Local Agenda 21 LAI Leaf Area Index LAN Local Area Network LCCS Land Cover Classification System LEWS Livestock Early Warning System LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging LQI Land Quality Indicator LTRS Laboratory for Remote Terrestrial Sensing LUCC Land Use and Cover Change
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Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa MARA Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa MIT-AITI Massachusetts Institute of Technology-African Internet Technology Initiative MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MSS Multi-spectral Scanner NAFGIM National Framework for Geospatial Information Management NAPA National Academy of Public Administration NARS National Agricultural Research Centers NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASDA National Space Development Agency (Japan) NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NAVSTAR Navigation Satellite Timing and Ranging NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NEMC National Environmental Management Council NEPAD New Partnership for Africa’s Development NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service NGDC National Geophysical Data Center NGO Non-governmental Organization NICI National Information and Communication Infrastructure NIIRS National Imagery Interpretability Rating Scale NIMA National Imagery and Mapping Agency NIRS Near Infrared Spectroscopy NNF Namibia Nature Foundation NOAANational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure NSF National Science Foundation NSIF National Spatial Information Framework NUTBAL Nutritional Balance Analysis Model OAU Organization for African Unity ODA Official Development Assistance ODA Overseas Development Aid OGC Open GIS Consortium OLS Operational Linescan System ONC Operational Navigation Chart ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory OSS Observatory of the Sahara and the Sahel PNGIM National Program for Environment Information Management PLSS Public Land Survey System PMT Photo Multiplier Tube POES Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellite PTO Public Telecommunications Operator PVO Private Voluntary Organization RCMRD Regional Center of Mapping Resources for Development RCSSM Regional Center for Services in Surveying and Mapping RCSSMRS Regional Center for Services in Surveying, Mapping, and Remote Sensing RECTAS Regional Center for Training in Aerospace Surveys REIMP Regional Environmental Information Project
OCR for page 152
Down to Earth: Geographic Information for Sustainable Development in Africa RFE Rainfall Estimate RGB Red, Green, Blue SADC Southern African Development Community SADCC Southern African Development Coordination Conference SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research SCT Spatial Characterization Tool SDI Spatial Data Infrastructure SDST Spatial Data Transfer Standards SiB Simple Biosphere Model SISEI Environmental Information System on the Internet SPOT Système Pour l’Observation de la Terre SPP Single Point Positioning SRTM Shuttle Radar Topography Mission SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager SST Sea-Surface Temperature START System for Analysis, Research, and Training STI Sexually Transmitted Infection STWG Science and Technical Working Group TB Tuberculosis TCMP Tanzania Coastal Mapping Partnership TDMA Time Division Multiple Access TM Thematic Mapper TREES Tropical Ecosystem Environment Observations by Satellite TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission UNDP United Nations Development Program UNECA United Nations Economic Commission for Africa UNECA-CODI UNECA-Committee on Development Information UNEP United Nations Environment Program UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNFPA United Nations Population Fund UNICEF United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNL University of Nebraska-Lincoln URI University of Rhode Island USAID United States Agency for International Development USFS United States Forest Service USGS United States Geological Survey UTM Universal Transverse Mercator VSAT Very Small Aperture Terminal WCRP World Climate Research Programme WRI World Resources Institute WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development WWF World Wildlife Fund
Representative terms from entire chapter: