Issue

Geographic Data and Information Needs

Mineral resource management

• Distribution of mineral resources

• Administrative data on exploration and prospecting activities

Human health management (equitable distribution of health facilities; early diagnosis, prompt treatment and environmental management; hygiene education)

• Demographic data

• Location and capacity of existing facilities and population centers

• Distribution of disease vectors

• Distribution of water pockets for remedial action

• Distribution, flow, and chemical characteristics of water courses

 

SOURCE: Adapted from ECA (2001)

REFERENCES

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Cowen, D. J. 1988. GIS versus CAD versus DBMS: What are the differences? Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 54:1551-1554.


Dernbach, J. C. 2002. Sustainable Development: Now More Than Ever. Environmental Law Reporter 32 (1):10003-10019.


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NRC (National Research Council). 1999. Our Common Journey: a Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC. 2002. Community and Quality of Life: Data Needs for Informed Decision Making. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Star, J. L. and J. Estes. 1990. Geographic Information Systems: An Introduction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.


UN (United Nations). 1997. Earth Summit: Rio + 5. Country Profiles–African States. Available at <http://www.un.org/esa/earthsummit/africp.htm>. Accessed May 17, 2002.

UN. 2001. SADC Progress Report on the Implementation of Agenda 21 and Sustainable Development: A Report to the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development. Available at <www.johannesburgsummit.org/web_pages/sadc_prepcom_progress_report.pdf>.

UNCED (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development). 1992. Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992. Rio de Janeiro: UN. (Annex I: Rio Declaration; Annex II: Agenda 21).


WCED (World Commission on Environment and Development). 1987. Our Common Future. New York: Oxford University Press.

World Bank. 2002. Data and Statistics. Available at <http://www.worldbank.org/data/countrydata/countrydata.html>. Accessed June 5, 2002.



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