Geographic Data and Information Needs
Mineral resource management
• Distribution of mineral resources
• Administrative data on exploration and prospecting activities
Human health management (equitable distribution of health facilities; early diagnosis, prompt treatment and environmental management; hygiene education)
• Demographic data
• Location and capacity of existing facilities and population centers
• Distribution of disease vectors
• Distribution of water pockets for remedial action
• Distribution, flow, and chemical characteristics of water courses
SOURCE: Adapted from ECA (2001)
Burrough, P. A. 1986. Principles of Geographic Information Systems for Land Resource Assessment. Monographs on Soil and Resources Survey No. 12, New York: Oxford University Press.
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ECA (UN Economic Commission for Africa). 2001. The Future Orientation of Geoinformation Activities in Africa: A Position Paper. Available at <http://www.uneca.org/eca_resources/Conference_Reports_and_Other_Documents/disd/codi/docs/doc3EN.pdf>. Accessed May 15, 2002.
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Geography Education Standards Project. 1994. Geography for Life: National Geography Standards. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society.
GISD (Geographic Information for Sustainable Development). 2002. Geographic Information for Sustainable Development. Available at <www.opengis.org/gisd>. Accessed May 15, 2002.
Jensen, J. R. 2000. Remote Sensing of the Environment: An Earth Resource Perspective. Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
NRC (National Research Council). 1999. Our Common Journey: a Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
NRC. 2002. Community and Quality of Life: Data Needs for Informed Decision Making. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Star, J. L. and J. Estes. 1990. Geographic Information Systems: An Introduction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
UN (United Nations). 1997. Earth Summit: Rio + 5. Country Profiles–African States. Available at <http://www.un.org/esa/earthsummit/africp.htm>. Accessed May 17, 2002.
UN. 2001. SADC Progress Report on the Implementation of Agenda 21 and Sustainable Development: A Report to the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development. Available at <www.johannesburgsummit.org/web_pages/sadc_prepcom_progress_report.pdf>.
UNCED (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development). 1992. Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992. Rio de Janeiro: UN. (Annex I: Rio Declaration; Annex II: Agenda 21).
WCED (World Commission on Environment and Development). 1987. Our Common Future. New York: Oxford University Press.
World Bank. 2002. Data and Statistics. Available at <http://www.worldbank.org/data/countrydata/countrydata.html>. Accessed June 5, 2002.