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K Data Comparing Carbohydrate Intake to Intake of Other Nutrients from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996, 1998 TABLE K-1 Median Nutrient Intakes by Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy, Children 1 Through 3 Years of Age, United States, CSFII (1994–1996, 1998) Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy 35 ≤ to < 45% 45 ≤ to < 55% Nutrient < 35% 18 379 1,579 n Total energy (kcal) 1,306 1,402 Standard error 25 13 Carbohydrate (g) 135.0 178.0 Standard error 2.7 1.6 Carbohydrate (% energy) 41.3 51.1 Standard error 0.3 0.2 Fiber (g) 6.4 8.7 Standard error 0.2 0.1 Fat (g) 61.0 55.8 Standard error 1.3 0.6 Fat (% energy) 41.9 34.8 Standard error 0.3 0.2 Saturated fat (g) 26.1 22.4 Standard error 0.6 0.3 Saturated fat (% energy) 17.8 14.1 Standard error 0.2 0.1 1226

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1227 A PPENDIX K 55 ≤ to < 65% 65 ≤ to < 75% ≥ 75% 1,428 353 20 1,385 1,253 13 24 206.0 213.0 1.9 4.2 59.7 68.2 0.2 0.3 10.0 10.3 0.1 0.3 44.9 31.5 0.5 0.8 28.7 22.0 0.2 0.4 17.3 11.7 0.2 0.3 11.1 8.3 0.1 0.1 continued

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1228 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES TABLE K-1 Continued Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy 35 ≤ to < 45% 45 ≤ to < 55% Nutrient < 35% Fatty acid 18:2 (g) 6.9 7.6 Standard error 0.2 0.1 Fatty acid 18:2 (% energy) 4.8 4.8 Standard error 0.1 0.1 Thiamin (mg) 1.03 1.17 Standard error 0.02 0.01 Riboflavin (mg) 1.81 1.77 Standard error 0.04 0.02 Niacin (mg) 11.4 13.5 Standard error 0.3 0.2 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.10 1.31 Standard error 0.03 0.02 Vitamin B12 ( µg) 4.11 3.38 Standard error 0.10 0.05 Folate ( µg) 166 205 Standard error 5 3 Vitamin C (mg) 57 84 Standard error 2 2 Iron (mg) 8.6 10.6 Standard error 0.2 0.1 Zinc (mg) 8.0 7.9 Standard error 0.2 0.1 Calcium (mg) 972 877 Standard error 28 11 NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recalls on Day 1 and Day 2. Individuals were assigned to ranges of energy intake from carbohydrates based on unadjusted 2-day average intakes. Estimates of nutrient intake were adjusted using the Iowa State University method to provide estimates of usual intake. Medians and standard errors were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of free-

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1229 A PPENDIX K 55 ≤ to < 65% 65 ≤ to < 75% ≥ 75% 6.7 4.9 0.1 0.2 4.3 3.4 0.1 0.1 1.19 1.12 0.01 0.02 1.65 1.44 0.02 0.03 13.5 12.6 0.2 0.3 1.37 1.38 0.02 0.03 2.9 2.28 0.05 0.08 222 219 3 6 114 131 2 5 11.3 11.5 0.2 0.3 7.2 6.4 0.1 0.2 769 623 10 17 dom. Children fed human milk or who reported no food intake for a day were excluded from the analysis. DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2001.

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1230 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES TABLE K-2 Median Nutrient Intakes by Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy, Children 4 Through 8 Years of Age, United States, CSFII (1994–1996, 1998) Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy 35 ≤ to < 45% 45 ≤ to < 55% Nutrient < 35% 16 288 1,620 n Total energy (kcal) 1,824 1,801 Standard error 32 15 Carbohydrate (g) 188.0 231.0 Standard error 3.4 1.9 Carbohydrate (% energy) 41.4 51.5 Standard error 0.4 0.2 Fiber (g) 10.4 11.9 Standard error 0.3 0.2 Fat (g) 86.4 71.1 Standard error 1.8 0.7 Fat (% energy) 42.0 34.9 Standard error 0.3 0.1 Saturated fat (g) 32.5 26.7 Standard error 0.7 0.3 Saturated fat (% energy) 15.8 13.1 Standard error 0.2 0.1 Fatty acid 18:2 (g) 12.2 10.6 Standard error 0.4 0.1 Fatty acid 18:2 (% energy) 5.9 5.2 Standard error 0.1 0.1 Thiamin (mg) 1.37 1.48 Standard error 0.03 0.02 Riboflavin (mg) 1.95 1.99 Standard error 0.04 0.02 Niacin (mg) 18.9 18.5 Standard error 0.5 0.2 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.46 1.55 Standard error 0.04 0.02 Vitamin B12 ( µg) 4.68 4.20 Standard error 0.15 0.07 Folate ( µg) 218 257 Standard error 6 4 Vitamin C (mg) 65 81 Standard error 3 2 Iron (mg) 11.9 13.4 Standard error 0.3 0.2 Zinc (mg) 10.7 9.9 Standard error 0.3 0.1 Calcium (mg) 948 903 Standard error 28 11 NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recalls on Day 1 and Day 2. Individuals were assigned to ranges of energy intake from carbohydrates based on unadjusted 2-day average intakes. Estimates of nutrient intake were adjusted using the Iowa State University method to provide estimates of usual intake. Medians and standard errors were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of free-

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1231 A PPENDIX K 55 ≤ to < 65% 65 ≤ to < 75% ≥ 75% 1,562 275 8 1,715 1,626 13 34 254.0 277.0 2.0 4.8 59.3 67.6 0.2 0.4 12.0 12.3 0.1 0.4 56.6 42.2 0.5 1.1 29.4 23.1 0.1 0.3 20.7 15.3 0.2 0.4 10.7 8.4 0.1 0.2 8.9 7.1 0.1 0.2 4.6 3.8 0.0 0.1 1.50 1.36 0.01 0.04 1.94 1.72 0.02 0.05 17.6 15.2 0.2 0.4 1.61 1.45 0.02 0.04 3.46 2.58 0.05 0.10 275 255 4 9 105 114 2 5 13.8 12.5 0.2 0.4 9.0 7.4 0.1 0.2 836 741 10 23 dom. Children fed human milk or who reported no food intake for a day were excluded from the analysis. DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2001.

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1232 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES TABLE K-3 Median Nutrient Intakes by Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy, Boys 9 Through 18 Years of Age, United States, CSFII (1994–1996, 1998) Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy 35 ≤ to < 45% 45 ≤ to < 55% Nutrient < 35% 8 115 484 n Total energy (kcal) 2,476 2,512 Standard error 88 45 Carbohydrate (g) 262.0 319.0 Standard error 9.6 5.9 Carbohydrate (% energy) 42.5 50.9 Standard error 0.7 0.3 Fiber (g) 13.9 15.6 Standard error 0.8 0.4 Fat (g) 115.0 101.0 Standard error 4.6 2.0 Fat (% energy) 40.1 35.5 Standard error 0.5 0.3 Saturated fat (g) 41.5 36.4 Standard error 1.8 0.8 Saturated fat (% energy) 14.8 12.7 Standard error 0.3 0.2 Fatty acid 18:2 (g) 17.4 15.2 Standard error 0.9 0.4 Fatty acid 18:2 (% energy) 6.4 5.3 Standard error 0.2 0.1 Thiamin (mg) 1.84 1.92 Standard error 0.08 0.04 Riboflavin (mg) 2.35 2.44 Standard error 0.10 0.05 Niacin (mg) 25.3 25.1 Standard error 1.0 0.6 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.91 2.02 Standard error 0.08 0.05 Vitamin B12 ( µg) 6.19 5.50 Standard error 0.32 0.16 Folate ( µg) 232 278 Standard error 13 8 Vitamin C (mg) 87 88 Standard error 7 4 Iron (mg) 16.0 17.7 Standard error 0.7 0.4 Zinc (mg) 14.3 14.1 Standard error 0.6 0.3 Calcium (mg) 1,105 1,091 Standard error 61 27 NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recalls on Day 1 and Day 2. Individuals were assigned to ranges of energy intake from carbohydrates based on unadjusted 2-day average intakes. Estimates of nutrient intake were adjusted using the Iowa State University method to provide estimates of usual intake. Medians and standard errors were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors

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1233 A PPENDIX K 55 ≤ to < 65% 65 ≤ to < 75% ≥ 75% 343 61 8 2,467 2,335 55 114 370.0 391.0 8.5 20.3 59.7 66.1 0.5 0.9 16.6 17.6 0.5 1.3 80.0 60.0 2.1 3.4 28.9 23.5 0.4 0.8 28.0 20.9 0.7 1.3 10.1 8.2 0.2 0.3 12.7 10.6 0.4 0.7 4.5 4.1 0.1 0.2 2.13 2.07 0.06 0.13 2.47 2.44 0.07 0.16 25.5 25.1 0.7 1.6 2.10 2.33 0.07 0.18 4.70 4.40 0.17 0.45 329 356 11 29 126 143 6 15 19.3 20.7 0.6 1.3 12.3 11.2 0.4 0.8 1,043 958 31 62 were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of free- dom. Boys who reported no food intake for a day were excluded from the analysis. DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2001.

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1234 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES TABLE K-4 Median Nutrient Intakes by Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy, Men 19 Through 50 Years of Age, United States, CSFII (1994–1996, 1998) Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy 35 ≤ to < 45% 45 ≤ to < 55% Nutrient < 35% 173 686 1,088 n Total energy (kcal) 2,707 2,650 2,588 Standard error 92 47 32 Carbohydrate (g) 203.0 277.0 324.0 Standard error 7.3 5.1 4.1 Carbohydrate (% energy) 30.3 42.2 50.5 Standard error 0.7 0.4 0.3 Fiber (g) 13.1 16.7 18.2 Standard error 0.6 0.4 0.3 Fat (g) 125.0 112.0 97.0 Standard error 4.5 2.4 1.4 Fat (% energy) 42.6 37.4 33.4 Standard error 0.8 0.3 0.2 Saturated fat (g) 43.2 38.5 32.6 Standard error 1.7 0.9 0.5 Saturated fat (% energy) 14.6 12.7 11.1 Standard error 0.3 0.1 0.1 Fatty acid 18:2 (g) 20.0 18.9 17.0 Standard error 1.0 0.5 0.3 Fatty acid 18:2 (% energy) 6.7 6.2 5.8 Standard error 0.3 0.1 0.1 Thiamin (mg) 1.67 1.86 1.93 Standard error 0.07 0.04 0.03 Riboflavin (mg) 2.29 2.22 2.22 Standard error 0.09 0.04 0.03 Niacin (mg) 30.9 29.8 28.6 Standard error 1.2 0.6 0.4 Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.35 2.15 2.11 Standard error 0.09 0.05 0.03 Vitamin B12 ( µg) 7.90 7.60 5.50 Standard error 0.40 0.31 0.15 Folate ( µg) 257 261 287 Standard error 12 6 5 Vitamin C (mg) 69 81 97 Standard error 5 3 3 Iron (mg) 16.3 17.6 18.3 Standard error 0.6 0.4 0.3 Zinc (mg) 18.0 15.8 13.7 Standard error 0.8 0.4 0.2 Calcium (mg) 858 885 910 Standard error 41 24 17 NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recalls on Day 1 and Day 2. Individuals were assigned to ranges of energy intake from carbohydrates based on unadjusted 2-day average intakes. Estimates of nutrient intake were adjusted using the Iowa State University method to provide estimates of usual intake. Medians and standard errors were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors

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1235 A PPENDIX K 55 ≤ to < 65% 65 ≤ to < 75% ≥ 75% 493 84 9 2,431 2,082 43 94 360.0 365.0 6.9 15.4 59.2 69.3 0.5 1.3 19.8 19.9 0.5 1.6 77.0 46.4 1.6 3.1 28.0 19.0 0.3 1.0 25.5 14.5 0.7 1.1 9.2 5.2 0.1 0.4 13.9 9.1 0.4 0.7 5.0 3.7 0.1 0.3 1.96 1.84 0.04 0.15 2.13 1.89 0.05 0.16 26.2 23.7 0.6 1.7 2.09 2.08 0.06 0.18 4.40 3.37 0.17 0.36 309 310 9 30 115 126 5 14 18.7 17.5 0.4 1.3 12.0 10.1 0.3 0.8 850 724 24 56 were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of free- dom. Men who reported no food intake for a day were excluded from the analysis. DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2001.

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1236 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES TABLE K-5 Median Nutrient Intakes by Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy, Men 51 Years of Age and Older, United States, CSFII (1994–1996, 1998) Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy 35 ≤ to < 45% 45 ≤ to < 55% Nutrient < 35% 156 604 903 n Total energy (kcal) 2,059 2,081 2,035 Standard error 75 36 26 Carbohydrate (g) 153.0 213.0 255.0 Standard error 6.2 3.8 3.4 Carbohydrate (% energy) 30.6 41.1 50.1 Standard error 0.8 0.3 0.3 Fiber (g) 11.2 15.3 17.6 Standard error 0.6 0.4 0.3 Fat (g) 98.0 91.0 78.0 Standard error 4.4 1.9 1.2 Fat (% energy) 42.7 39.0 34.2 Standard error 0.8 0.4 0.3 Saturated fat (g) 31.9 30.1 25.6 Standard error 1.6 0.7 0.5 Saturated fat (% energy) 14.1 12.9 11.2 Standard error 0.4 0.2 0.1 Fatty acid 18:2 (g) 16.9 15.9 13.7 Standard error 1.0 0.4 0.3 Fatty acid 18:2 (% energy) 6.9 6.7 6.0 Standard error 0.3 0.1 0.1 Thiamin (mg) 1.42 1.59 1.68 Standard error 0.07 0.03 0.03 Riboflavin (mg) 1.84 1.94 1.97 Standard error 0.08 0.04 0.03 Niacin (mg) 25.7 24.2 23.9 Standard error 1.2 0.5 0.4 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.85 1.84 1.93 Standard error 0.09 0.04 0.03 Vitamin B12 ( µg) 6.07 5.60 5.50 Standard error 0.37 0.19 0.20 Folate ( µg) 202 245 272 Standard error 10 6 5 Vitamin C (mg) 70 70 93 Standard error 7 3 3 Iron (mg) 13.4 14.7 16.4 Standard error 0.6 0.3 0.3 Zinc (mg) 13.8 12.7 11.5 Standard error 0.7 0.3 0.2 Calcium (mg) 618 716 761 Standard error 36 17 15 NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recalls on Day 1 and Day 2. Individuals were assigned to ranges of energy intake from carbohydrates based on unadjusted 2-day average intakes. Estimates of nutrient intake were adjusted using the Iowa State University method to provide estimates of usual intake. Medians and standard errors were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors

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1237 A PPENDIX K 55 ≤ to < 65% 65 ≤ to < 75% ≥ 75% 494 106 16 1,954 1,757 35 56 287.0 300.0 4.9 10.1 58.8 67.9 0.4 0.7 20.2 21.6 0.5 1.1 59.0 38.7 1.4 1.8 27.2 20.1 0.3 0.7 18.5 12.8 0.5 0.7 8.5 6.7 0.1 0.4 11.7 6.9 0.3 0.4 5.3 3.5 0.1 0.2 1.81 1.59 0.04 0.07 1.97 1.82 0.05 0.08 23.6 20.4 0.5 1.0 2.08 2.09 0.05 0.13 4.30 3.70 0.18 0.38 303 305 9 19 128 110 5 7 17.6 16.2 0.4 0.9 10.9 8.6 0.3 0.3 727 746 18 32 were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of free- dom. Men who reported no food intake for a day were excluded from the analysis. DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2001.

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1238 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES TABLE K-6 Median Nutrient Intakes by Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy, Girls 9 Through 18 Years of Age, United States, CSFII (1994–1996, 1998) Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy 35 ≤ to < 45% 45 ≤ to < 55% Nutrient < 35% 6 108 401 n Total energy (kcal) 1,893 1,824 Standard error 71 34 Carbohydrate (g) 196.0 229.0 Standard error 6.9 4.5 Carbohydrate (% energy) 42.2 50.6 Standard error 0.9 0.4 Fiber (g) 10.6 11.6 Standard error 0.5 0.3 Fat (g) 87.8 73.0 Standard error 3.1 1.6 Fat (% energy) 40.8 35.4 Standard error 0.5 0.4 Saturated fat (g) 31.3 25.9 Standard error 1.4 0.6 Saturated fat (% energy) 14.7 12.5 Standard error 0.3 0.2 Fatty acid 18:2 (g) 14.3 11.7 Standard error 0.7 0.3 Fatty acid 18:2 (% energy) 6.7 5.6 Standard error 0.3 0.1 Thiamin (mg) 1.22 1.38 Standard error 0.06 0.03 Riboflavin (mg) 1.74 1.77 Standard error 0.07 0.04 Niacin (mg) 19.3 18.4 Standard error 0.9 0.4 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.43 1.43 Standard error 0.07 0.04 Vitamin B12 ( µg) 4.63 3.91 Standard error 0.30 0.14 Folate ( µg) 177 205 Standard error 9 6 Vitamin C (mg) 54 73 Standard error 4 3 Iron (mg) 12.2 12.9 Standard error 0.6 0.3 Zinc (mg) 11.0 10.2 Standard error 0.6 0.3 Calcium (mg) 796 795 Standard error 41 22 NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recalls on Day 1 and Day 2. Individuals were assigned to ranges of energy intake from carbohydrates based on unadjusted 2-day average intakes. Estimates of nutrient intake were adjusted using the Iowa State University method to provide estimates of usual intake. Medians and standard errors were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors

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1239 A PPENDIX K 55 ≤ to < 65% 65 ≤ to < 75% ≥ 75% 401 90 7 1,853 1,838 36 68 275.0 315.0 5.8 12.1 59.3 68.5 0.3 0.7 13.4 13.9 0.4 0.8 61.5 45.5 1.4 2.1 29.3 22.0 0.3 0.6 21.4 15.3 0.5 0.8 10.2 7.3 0.1 0.3 9.9 7.8 0.3 0.4 4.7 3.9 0.1 0.2 1.46 1.43 0.04 0.07 1.73 1.72 0.05 0.08 18.3 16.5 0.5 0.9 1.53 1.49 0.04 0.08 3.55 2.63 0.14 0.20 237 249 8 17 95 128 4 11 13.6 13.2 0.4 0.7 8.9 7.9 0.2 0.5 743 781 21 45 were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of free- dom. Girls who reported no food intake for a day were excluded from the analysis. DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2001.

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1240 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES TABLE K-7 Median Nutrient Intakes by Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy, Women 19 Through 50 Years of Age, United States, CSFII (1994–1996, 1998) Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy 35 ≤ to < 45% 45 ≤ to < 55% Nutrient < 35% 109 497 924 n Total energy (kcal) 1,656 1,721 1,743 Standard error 63 34 22 Carbohydrate (g) 128.0 176.0 220.0 Standard error 5.1 3.7 2.8 Carbohydrate (% energy) 31.4 41.0 50.6 Standard error 0.8 0.4 0.3 Fiber (g) 9.0 11.1 13.0 Standard error 0.5 0.3 0.2 Fat (g) 81.3 77.0 67.0 Standard error 3.6 1.8 1.1 Fat (% energy) 43.9 39.8 34.0 Standard error 0.9 0.4 0.2 Saturated fat (g) 27.5 25.7 22.4 Standard error 1.4 0.7 0.4 Saturated fat (% energy) 14.7 13.3 11.3 Standard error 0.5 0.2 0.1 Fatty acid 18:2 (g) 13.7 13.8 12.0 Standard error 0.8 0.4 0.3 Fatty acid 18:2 (% energy) 7.4 7.0 6.0 Standard error 0.3 0.2 0.1 Thiamin (mg) 1.10 1.22 1.34 Standard error 0.06 0.03 0.02 Riboflavin (mg) 1.45 1.47 1.55 Standard error 0.07 0.03 0.02 Niacin (mg) 18.7 19.2 19.0 Standard error 1.0 0.4 0.3 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.30 1.37 1.45 Standard error 0.07 0.03 0.02 Vitamin B12 (µg) 4.76 4.52 3.75 Standard error 0.38 0.20 0.11 Folate (µg) 152 174 214 Standard error 8 5 4 Vitamin C (mg) 45 60 75 Standard error 4 3 2 Iron (mg) 10.2 11.5 12.8 Standard error 0.5 0.3 0.2 Zinc (mg) 10.7 9.8 9.4 Standard error 0.6 0.2 0.2 Calcium (mg) 634 607 635 Standard error 42 16 12 NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recalls on Day 1 and Day 2. Individuals were assigned to ranges of energy intake from carbohydrates based on unadjusted 2-day average intakes. Estimates of nutrient intake were adjusted using the Iowa State University method to provide estimates of usual intake. Medians and standard errors were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors

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1241 A PPENDIX K 55 ≤ to < 65% 65 ≤ to < 75% ≥ 75% 626 176 37 1,666 1,442 1,344 24 48 91 247.0 248.0 284.0 3.8 8.4 17.4 59.1 68.6 80.9 0.3 0.6 1.3 14.0 13.6 14.2 0.3 0.8 1.5 51.8 33.6 18.5 1.0 1.4 2.1 27.8 20.9 11.9 0.3 0.6 0.9 17.1 10.2 5.5 0.4 0.5 0.7 9.1 6.3 3.5 0.1 0.2 0.3 9.7 7.4 3.4 0.2 0.4 0.4 5.1 4.6 2.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.38 1.27 1.47 0.03 0.06 0.15 1.59 1.37 1.55 0.03 0.07 0.19 18.5 16.2 15.4 0.4 0.8 1.7 1.53 1.40 1.74 0.04 0.08 0.20 3.28 2.14 2.88 0.13 0.18 0.57 231 237 341 6 14 45 93 92 128 4 7 22 13.2 12.1 14.4 0.3 0.7 1.8 8.6 6.9 7.1 0.2 0.4 0.8 659 540 505 16 29 57 were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of free- dom. Women who reported no food intake for a day were excluded from the analysis. DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2001.

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1242 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES TABLE K-8 Median Nutrient Intakes by Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy, Women 51 Years of Age and Older, United States, CSFII (1994–1996, 1998) Carbohydrate Intake as Percentage of Total Energy 35 ≤ to < 45% 45 ≤ to < 55% Nutrient < 35% 77 438 861 n Total energy (kcal) 1,394 1,464 1,528 Standard error 72 26 19 Carbohydrate (g) 104.0 147.0 193.0 Standard error 5.8 2.8 2.5 Carbohydrate (% energy) 29.6 40.3 51.0 Standard error 0.9 0.4 0.3 Fiber (g) 7.5 11.2 13.3 Standard error 0.6 0.3 0.2 Fat (g) 71.0 66.2 57.9 Standard error 4.5 1.4 0.9 Fat (% energy) 45.1 40.4 33.6 Standard error 1.2 0.4 0.3 Saturated fat (g) 23.7 21.5 18.7 Standard error 1.6 0.5 0.3 Saturated fat (% energy) 15.3 13.1 10.8 Standard error 0.6 0.2 0.1 Fatty acid 18:2 (g) 11.3 12.3 10.8 Standard error 1.0 0.4 0.2 Fatty acid 18:2 (% energy) 6.9 7.4 6.2 Standard error 0.4 0.2 0.1 Thiamin (mg) 1.01 1.13 1.25 Standard error 0.06 0.03 0.02 Riboflavin (mg) 1.26 1.40 1.53 Standard error 0.06 0.03 0.02 Niacin (mg) 17.1 17.8 17.9 Standard error 1.0 0.4 0.3 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.20 1.32 1.42 Standard error 0.07 0.03 0.02 Vitamin B12 ( µg) 3.38 3.93 3.94 Standard error 0.27 0.19 0.14 Folate ( µg) 139 177 209 Standard error 11 5 4 Vitamin C (mg) 45 62 82 Standard error 5 3 2 Iron (mg) 9.2 10.8 11.8 Standard error 0.5 0.2 0.2 Zinc (mg) 8.2 8.9 8.3 Standard error 0.5 0.2 0.1 Calcium (mg) 449 527 586 Standard error 28 15 11 NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recalls on Day 1 and Day 2. Individuals were assigned to ranges of energy intake from carbohydrates based on unadjusted 2-day average intakes. Estimates of nutrient intake were adjusted using the Iowa State University method to provide estimates of usual intake. Medians and standard errors were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors

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1243 A PPENDIX K 55 ≤ to < 65% 65 ≤ to < 75% ≥ 75% 620 147 18 1,422 1,272 22 40 210.0 219.0 3.3 6.9 59.1 69.2 0.4 0.7 15.3 17.6 0.3 0.8 43.4 28.1 0.8 1.2 27.1 19.4 0.3 0.5 13.7 8.2 0.3 0.4 8.6 5.7 0.1 0.2 8.4 5.8 0.2 0.3 5.3 3.9 0.1 0.2 1.28 1.30 0.03 0.05 1.51 1.42 0.03 0.06 17.2 16.2 0.3 0.7 1.54 1.65 0.03 0.07 3.06 2.58 0.10 0.20 232 263 6 12 102 123 3 7 12.3 13.0 0.3 0.6 7.8 7.1 0.2 0.3 604 558 14 27 were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of free- dom. Women who reported no food intake for a day were excluded from the analysis. DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2001.