Appendix E
Acronyms and Abbreviations


AAMACS—

advanced automated master angle calibration system

AC—

alternating current

ACI—

American Concrete Institute

ACM—

Association for Computing Machinery

ADCL—

Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratories

ADL—

architecture description language

AED—

atomic emission detection

AES—

Advanced Encryption Standard; Auger electron spectroscopy

AFLAP—

Armed Forces Laboratory of Applied Pathology

AFM—

atomic force microscopy/microscope

AIGER—

American Industry/Government Emissions Research

AMD—

Advanced Micro Devices

AMDIS—

Automated Mass Spectral Deconvolution and Identification Software

AML—

Advanced Measurement Laboratory

AMO—

atomic, molecular, and optical

ANSI—

American National Standards Institute

API—

application programming interface

ASHRE—

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers

ASME—

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASTM—

American Society for Testing and Materials

ATP—

Advanced Technology Program

ATSC—

Advanced Television Systems Committee


BACnet—

Building Automation and Control Network

BEC—

Bose-Einstein condensates

BEES—

Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability

BFRL—

Building and Fire Research Laboratory



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An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002 Appendix E Acronyms and Abbreviations AAMACS— advanced automated master angle calibration system AC— alternating current ACI— American Concrete Institute ACM— Association for Computing Machinery ADCL— Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratories ADL— architecture description language AED— atomic emission detection AES— Advanced Encryption Standard; Auger electron spectroscopy AFLAP— Armed Forces Laboratory of Applied Pathology AFM— atomic force microscopy/microscope AIGER— American Industry/Government Emissions Research AMD— Advanced Micro Devices AMDIS— Automated Mass Spectral Deconvolution and Identification Software AML— Advanced Measurement Laboratory AMO— atomic, molecular, and optical ANSI— American National Standards Institute API— application programming interface ASHRE— American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers ASME— American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM— American Society for Testing and Materials ATP— Advanced Technology Program ATSC— Advanced Television Systems Committee BACnet— Building Automation and Control Network BEC— Bose-Einstein condensates BEES— Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability BFRL— Building and Fire Research Laboratory

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An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002 BioMEMS— biomicroelectromechanical systems BIPM— Bureau International des Poids et Mésures BISR— Bioinformatics Software Resource BLAS— Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms BMCD— Biomolecular Crystallization Database BVL— Biomarker Validation Laboratory CAD— computer-aided design CAM— computer-aided manufacturing CARB— Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology CBEFF— Common Biometric Exchange File Format CCM— Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities CCT— Consultative Committee on Temperature CD— critical dimension; compact disk CE— capillary electrophoresis CEC— capillary electrochromatography CGM— Computer Graphics Metafile CHRNS— Center for High Resolution Neutron Scattering CIF— common industry format CIO— chief information officer CIP— critical infrastructure protection CIPM— Comité International des Poids et Mésures CIRMS— Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards CISPR— International Special Committee on Radio Interference CIS2— CIMsteel Integration Standards CMM— coordinate measuring machine CMOS— complementary metal-oxide semiconductor CMRL— Construction Materials Reference Laboratory CMVP— Cryptographic Module Validation Program CNBT— Cold Neutrons for Biology and Technology CONSAFE— Construction Systems and Safety CONSIAT— Construction Integration and Automation Technology CORM— Council for Optical Radiation Measurements CRADA— cooperative research and development agreement CRDS— cavity ring-down spectrometer CSEAT— Computer Security Expert Assist Team CSTL— Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory CU— University of Colorado C-V— capacitance-voltage CVD— chemical vapor deposition CV-ID-ICP-MS— cold vapor isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry CW— continuous wave DARPA— Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DASE— digital TV application software environment DAVE— data analysis and visualization environment DC— direct current DCS— disk chopper time-of-flight spectrometer

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An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002 DLMF— Digital Library of Mathematical Functions DNA— deoxyribonucleic acid DNS— Domain Name System DOD— Department of Defense DOE— Department of Energy DOT— Department of Transportation DRM— digital rights management DTV— digital television DUC— Document Understanding Conference DUV— deep ultraviolet DVD— digital versatile disk EARS— Effective Affordable Reusable Speech-to-text EB— electron beam EBIT— electron-beam ion trap ECCI— Electronic Commerce of Component Information EDRN— Early Detection Research Network EEEL— Electronics and Electrical Engineering Laboratory EIA— Electronics Industry Association EM— electromagnetic EMC— electromagnetic compatibility; Enhanced Machine Controller EPA— Environmental Protection Agency EPRI— Electric Power Research Institute EUV— extreme ultraviolet FASCAL— Facility for Automatic Spectroradiometric Calibrations FAST— financial agent secure transactions FBI— Federal Bureau of Investigation FCC— Federal Communications Commission FDA— Food and Drug Administration FDD— fault detection and diagnostics FDS— fire dynamics simulator FEMA— Federal Emergency Management Agency FIATECH— Fully Integrated and Automated Technology FIB— focused ion beam FIMA— Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration FISH— fluorescence in situ hybridization FRP— fiber-reinforced polymer FTIR— Fourier-transform infrared GaAs— gallium arsenide GAMS— Guide to Available Mathematical Software GC/MS— gas chromatography/mass spectrometry GEC— Gaseous Electronics Conference GEMnet— GSA Energy Management network GIXPS— grazing incidence x-ray photoemission spectroscopy GPS— Global Positioning System GSA— General Services Administration GSAS— general structure analysis system

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An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002 HACR— High Accuracy Cryogenic Radiometer H/D— hydrogen/deuterium HDSA— High Density Storage Association HDTV— high-definition television HFBS— high-flux backscattering spectrometer HFC— hydrofluorocarbon HIV— Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIVDB— HIV Protease Structural Database HPC— high-performance concrete HR— high resolution HUD— Department of Housing and Urban Development HVAC/R— heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration IAI— International Alliance for Interoperability IAQ— indoor air quality IC— integrated circuit ICM— Internet Commerce for Manufacturing ICP— inductively coupled plasma IDEMA— International Disk Drive Equipment and Materials Association IEA— International Energy Agency IEC— International Electrotechnical Commission IEEE— Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IETF— Internet Engineering Task Force IFC— Industry Foundation Classes IGERT— Integrative Graduate Education, Research, and Training IGOR— data reduction and analysis software IIEDM— Infrastructure for Integrated Electronic Design and Manufacturing IKE— Internet Key Exchange ILC— interlaboratory comparison IM— intercomparison materials IMPI— Interoperable Message Passing Interface INAA— instrumental neutron activation analysis IP— Internet Protocol; intellectual property IPsec— Internet Protocol Security IR— infrared ISO— International Organization for Standardization IT— information technology ITF— Irradiation Testbed Facility ITL— Information Technology Laboratory ITRS— International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors ITS— intelligent transportation system IUPAC— International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry JEDEC— Joint Electron Device Engineering Council KC— Key Comparison LADAR— laser detection and ranging LANL— Los Alamos National Laboratory LBNL— Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

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An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002 LC— liquid chromatography LCC— life cycle costs LED— light-emitting diode LFRD— load and resistance factor design LISA— Laser Interferometer Space Antenna LLC— Limited Liability Corporation (consortium) LLNL— Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LS— liquid scintillation MACS— multi-analyzer crystal spectrometer MALDI— matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization MANET— mobile ad hoc network MBE— molecular beam epitaxy MEF— mask enhancement factor MEL— Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory MEMS— microelectromechanical systems MEP— Manufacturing Extension Partnership MERLiN— modeling, evaluation, and research of lightwave networks MFM— magnetic force microscope MOS— metal-oxide semiconductor MOSFETS— metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors MOU— memorandum of understanding MPD— Measurement Program Description MPEG— Motion Picture Experts Group MPLS— multiprotocol label switching MQA— measurement quality assurance MRA— Mutual Recognition Agreement MRAM— magnetic random access memory MS— mass spectrometry/spectrometer MSAG— Measurement Services Advisory Group MSEL— Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory MSL— Measurement and Standards Laboratories NASA— National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCI— National Cancer Institute NCNR— NIST Center for Neutron Research NCSLI— National Conference of Standards Laboratories International NEMI— National Electronics Manufacturing Initiative NEMS— Nanoelectromechanical Systems NFG— nonfederal government (agencies) NG-3— neutron guide 3 NIAP— National Information Assurance Partnership NIF— National Ignition Facility NIH— National Institutes of Health NIJ— National Institute of Justice NIR— near infrared NIST— National Institute of Standards and Technology NMI— national measurement institute

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An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002 NMR— nuclear magnetic resonance NOAA— National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NORAMET— North American Metrology Organization NPL— Nanoscale Physics Laboratory NRC— National Research Council NRIP— NIST Radiochemistry Intercomparison Program NRL— Naval Research Laboratory NRS— nanoscale recording system NSA— National Security Agency NSE— neutron spin echo NSF— National Science Foundation NSIC— National Storage Industry Consortium NSMP— National Semiconductor Metrology Program NSOM— near-field scanning optical microscopy/microscope NTRM— NIST-Traceable Reference Material NVLAP— National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program OA— other agencies OAE— Office of Applied Economics OASIS— Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards OCT— optical coherence tomography OFA— Organizational Focus Area OLES— Office of Law Enforcement Standards OMP— Office of Microelectronics Programs OOF— object-oriented finite-element (analysis system) OOMMF— Object Oriented Micromagnetic Framework OSEP— Optical Science and Engineering Program OSTP— Office of Science and Technology Policy PARCS— Primary Atomic Reference Clock in Space PATRIOT— Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism PC— personal computer PCR— polymerase chain reaction PDA— personal digital assistant PDB— Protein Data Bank PDL— polarization-dependent loss PEEM— photoemission electron microscope PEO— polyethylene oxide PerMIS— Performance Metrics for Intelligent System PGAA— prompt gamma-activation analysis PIMM— pulsed inductive microwave magnetometer PKI— public-key infrastructure PL— Physics Laboratory PLGA— polylactic/polyglycolic acid PLIF— planar, laser-induced fluorescence PMD— polarization mode dispersion PRT— participating research team QD— quantum dot

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An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002 QH— quantum Hall RCS— real-time control system; radar cross section REML— Radio-frequency Electromagnetic-field Metrology Laboratory RF— radio frequency RILEM— Réunion Internationale des Laboratoires d’Essais et de recherche sur les Matériaux et les Constructions RIMS— resonance ionization mass spectrometry/spectrometer RNA— ribonucleic acid RNAA— radiochemical neutron activation analysis RPG— Recommended Practice Guide SANS— small-angle neutron scattering SCM— scanning capacitance microscopy/microscope SED— Semiconductor Electronics Division SEM— scanning electron microscopy/microscope SEMATECH— Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Consortium SEMPA— scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis SET— single-electron transistor SFA— Strategic Focus Area SFC— supercritical fluid chromatography SFE— supercritical fluid extraction SFG-OS— sum frequency generation optical spectroscopy SI— International System (of units) SIA— Semiconductor Industry Association SIM— Sistema Interamericano Metrología SIMS— secondary ion mass spectroscopy SIP— session initiation protocol SIRCUS— spectral irradiance and radiance calibration with uniform sources SIS— superconductor-insulator-superconductor SM3— Single Molecule Manipulation and Measurement SNS— Spallation Neutron Source SPIE— Society for Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers SPINS— spin-polarized triple-axis spectrometer SPP— storage photo-stimulable phosphor SRD— Standard Reference Database SRM— Standard Reference Material SRP— Standard Reference Photometer SS7— signaling system seven STEP— standard(s) for the exchange of product model data STM— scanning tunneling microscopy/microscope STR— short tandem repeat STRS— Scientific and Technical Research and Services SURF— Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility TCAD— technology computer-aided design TDCR— Triple Double Coincidence Ratio TDEP— trace explosives detection portal TEM— transmission electron microscopy/microscope

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An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002 TIA— Telecommunications Industries Association TIMS— thermal ionization mass spectrometry/spectrometer TOF— time of flight TRC— Thermodynamics Research Center TREC— Text Retrieval Conference UCN— ultracold neutron UGV— unmanned ground vehicles UHV STM— ultrahigh-vacuum scanning tunneling microscope ULSI— ultralarge-scale integration UMD— University of Maryland UpnP— Universal Plug and Play USANS— ultrasmall-angle neutron scattering UTC— coordinated universal time UV— ultraviolet UWB— ultrawideband VCBT— Virtual Cycybernetic Building Testbed VCCTL— Virtual Cement and Concrete Testing Laboratory VESA— Video Electronics Standards Association VIS— visible VUV— vacuum ultraviolet WDM— wavelength-division multiplexing W3C— World Wide Web Consortium XML— extensible markup language XMM— x-ray multi-mirror XPS— x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy YBCO— yttrium-barium-copper oxide ZSM-5— zeolite-based heterogeneous catalyst