Elder RO, Keen JE, Siragusa GR, Barkocy-Gallagher GA, Koohmaraie M, Laegreid WW. 2000. Correlation of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 prevalence in feces, hides, and carcasses of beef cattle during processing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97(7):2999–3003.

ERS (Economic Research Service), US Department of Agriculture. 2001. ERS Estimates Foodborne Disease Costs at $6.9 Billion per Year. www.ers.usda.gov/Emphases/SafeFood/features.htm, accessed July 30, 2002.

FDA (Food and Drug Administration) 2002. Escherichia coli O157:H7. Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins Handbook. vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap15.html, accessed March 14, 2002.

Mead PS, Slutsker L, Dietz V, McCaig LF, Bresee JS, Shapiro C, Griffin PM, Tauxe RV.1999. Food-related illness and death in the United States. Emerging Infectious Disease 5(5):607–625.

USDA-FSIS (US Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service). 1996. Pathogen Reduction; Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) Systems; Final Rule. Part II, 9 CFR Part 304, et al. Federal Register: July 25, 1996 61(144):38805– 38956.

USDA-FSIS. 2001. Draft Risk Assessment of the Public Health Impact of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef. September 7, 2001. [Draft report Appendix C dated October 9, 2001; Appendix D undated but released October 31, 2001.]

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement