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Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Ground Beef: Review of a Draft Risk Assessment Appendix C Committee and Staff Biographies MICHEAL P. DOYLE, PhD (Chair), is the Regents Professor of Food Microbiology and director of the Center for Food Safety at the University of Georgia. Dr. Doyle is one the best-known food microbiologists in the United States, and is recognized internationally. He has conducted extensive research on foodborne pathogens—including E. coli O157:H7—and authored more than 200 papers and several books. He has consulted extensively with the food industry and has served in and chaired multiple committees of International Life Sciences Institute, World Health Organization, the American Society for Microbiology, the International Association for Food Protection, Institute of Food Technologists, and many other professional societies. He has been a member of the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods (1988–1990, 1994–2000) and the International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods. He has also served on Institute of Medicine committees related to animal health and food safety and as a member of the Food and Nutrition Board and the Food Forum. SCOTT FERSON, PhD, is the senior scientist and vice president at Applied Biomathematics. Dr. Ferson’s research focuses on developing reliable mathematical and statistical tools for ecologic and human health risk assessments and on methods for uncertainty analysis when empirical information is sparse. He has participated in several scientific advisory panels for the US Environmental Protection Agency, National Institutes of Health, and other government agencies. Dr. Ferson has over 60 scientific publications in environmental risk analysis and uncertainty propagation
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Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Ground Beef: Review of a Draft Risk Assessment and has directed the development of several commercial software packages used in environmental and ecologic risk analysis. DALE D. HANCOCK, DVM, MS, PhD, is a professor and epidemiologist in the Field Disease Investigation Unit of the Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences at Washington State University. Dr. Hancock is a veterinarian who has conducted extensive research into the prevalence, risk factors, and epidemiology of E. coli O157:H7 in cattle. As a professor at Washington State University, he teaches courses in quantitative epidemiology and public health. Dr. Hancock has published extensively, with articles appearing in many journals, including Epidemiology and Infection, International Journal of Food Microbiology, and Journal of Food Protection. He has written chapters in two recent books by the American Society for Microbiology: Emerging Infectious Diseases of Animals and Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Other Shiga Toxin Producing E. coli Strains. Dr. Hancock is a frequent invited speaker at national and international food-safety and veterinary conferences. MYRON M. LEVINE, MD, DTPH, is the director of the internationally recognized Center for Vaccine Development at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and holds faculty appointments as professor in four departments: Medicine, Pediatrics, Epidemiology, and Microbiology and Immunology. In two of those departments, Dr. Levine is a division head: the Division of Geographic Medicine in the Department of Medicine and the Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Pediatrics in the Department of Pediatrics. He has been elected to many professional societies, including the Institute of Medicine, the American Epidemiological Society, and the Association for American Physicians. He has served on many international committees and is a member of the Working Group of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization. Dr. Levine has published over 413 journal articles and serves on the editorial board of the American Journal of Epidemiology, Public Health Reviews, and Vaccine. GREG PAOLI, MASc, is the president of Decisionalysis Risk Consultants, Inc, a firm specializing in assessment, communication, and management of health risk, primarily in the field of food safety. He has served on several international panels, most recently participating in the Expert Consultations as part of the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization and World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) activities on microbial risk assessment. He serves as chair of the Food and Water Risk Specialty Group of the Society for Risk Analysis. Mr. Paoli was part of a Canadian research team that developed a quantitative risk assessment of E. coli O157:H7 in ground beef. He has also published extensively in risk assessment. He
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Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Ground Beef: Review of a Draft Risk Assessment holds a master’s degree in systems design engineering from the University of Waterloo and served as research manager at the University’s Institute for Risk Research. BARBARA J. PETERSEN, PhD, MPH, is a principal and director of the food and chemicals practice of the consulting firm Exponent. Dr. Petersen has a doctorate in biochemistry with minors in nutrition, microbial physiology, and organic chemistry. Her primary expertise is in regulatory strategy and risk assessment, including cumulative and aggregate exposure-assessment modeling. She has extensive experience in intake-assessment modeling, including overall oversight of software development for risk assessment including CALENDEX (Calendar Based Exposure Assessment), DEEM (Dietary Exposure Evaluation Model), and FARE (Food And Residue Evaluation System). Her expertise extends to database design for automated data collection and analysis and design of computerized adaptation of Monte Carlo analysis for computing the probability of exposure to food contaminants, including microbial contamination. JOHN N. SOFOS, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Animal Sciences at Colorado State University. In addition to teaching, Dr. Sofos is a science adviser for the Food and Drug Administration at the Denver District Laboratory and a scientific coeditor of the Journal of Food Protection. He is well known for his studies on the microbiology of meat-processing operations, particularly at the slaughterhouse level and in relation to decontamination steps for beef carcasses, as well as the microbiology of processed-meat products and other ready-to-eat foods. He is experienced in the hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) food-safety assurance method. Dr. Sofos has conducted research to estimate the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in live cattle and its survivability in raw-meat products. He has published extensively in foodborne microorganisms and microbiology. SUSAN N. SUMNER, PhD, is associate professor, department head, and extension project leader in the Department of Food Science and Technology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Dr. Sumner earned her MS and PhD in food science-food safety from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Before accepting her position at Virginia Polytechnic Institute, she worked for the National Food Processors’ Association and was a faculty member at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln, where her work focused on beef handling and production. Her research focuses on control of pathogenic bacteria—including Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes—to build a base of knowledge of how to control these pathogens in food-processing facilities. Her extension efforts
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Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Ground Beef: Review of a Draft Risk Assessment have focused on food-safety education for the food industry. The recipient of many awards and honors, Dr. Sumner received the Educator Award in 2000 from the International Association for Food Protection. She is a member of the Experiment Station Committee on Organization and Policy Extension Committee on Organization and Policy (ESCOP/ECOP) Food Safety Taskforce and the Institute of Medicine’s Food Forum. She is a member of many professional organizations and has published extensively in food safety and microbiology. LIASON FROM THE BOARD ON HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION HUGH TILSON, MD, DrPH, is clinical professor of epidemiology and health policy and senior adviser to the dean of the University of North Carolina School of Public Health. He is a graduate of Washington University School of Medicine and the Harvard School of Public Health, and he is a board-certified specialist in preventive medicine. He is a former state and local public-health official and international pharmaceutical scientist, and his research contributions span public-health practice, pharmacoepidemiology, health outcomes, and policy research. STAFF BIOGRAPHIES ALLISON A. YATES, PhD, RD, is director of the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) of the Institute of Medicine (IOM). Dr. Yates received a BS in dietetics and an MS in public health (nutrition) from the University of California, Los Angeles, and a PhD in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley; she is a registered dietitian. She is a member of the American Society for Nutrition Sciences, American Society for Clinical Nutrition, American Dietetic Association, American Public Health Association, and Institute of Food Technologists. Dr. Yates served as a member of the FNB Committee on Military Nutrition Research before assuming her position at IOM in 1994. Most recently, Dr. Yates was professor of foods and nutrition and dean of the College of Health and Human Sciences at the University of Southern Mississippi. ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, ScD, is director of the Institute of Medicine Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Before joining IOM, she was a senior health researcher at Mathematica Policy Research, where she conducted research on the impact of health-system change on the public-health infrastructure, access to care for vulnerable populations, managed care, and the health-care workforce. Dr. Martinez is a former assis
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Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Ground Beef: Review of a Draft Risk Assessment tant director for health financing and policy with the US General Accounting Office, where she directed evaluations and policy analysis in national and public-health issues. Dr. Martinez received her doctorate from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. DAVID A. BUTLER, PhD, is a senior program officer in the Institute of Medicine Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. He received a BS and MS in engineering from the University of Rochester and a PhD in public policy analysis from Carnegie Mellon University. Before joining IOM, Dr. Butler served as an analyst for the US Congress Office of Technology Assessment and was Research Associate in the Department of Environmental Health at the Harvard School of Public Health. He has directed several National Academies’ studies on environmental health and risk assessment topics, including those that resulted in the reports Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 1998, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2000, and Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures. RICARDO A. MOLINS, PhD, is a senior program officer in the Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board. He received a BS, a MS, and a PhD in food science from Iowa State University. Before joining the IOM, Dr. Molins was assistant and associate professor of food microbiology with the Iowa State University Meat Export Research Center. He has also worked for several international organizations, including the United Nations Industrial Development Organization and, more recently, the International Atomic Energy Agency, in Vienna, Austria, in food safety microbiology, food irradiation, and the HACCP method. He has conducted research on microbialdecontamination methods for meat products, mechanism of action of anti-microbials in foods, and food irradiation. He is a reviewer for the Journal of Food Protection and has published two books and more than 50 refereed journal papers. He is study director for the Food Chemicals Codex and for the Review of the Use of Scientific Criteria and Performance Standards for Safe Food. JENNIFER A. COHEN is a research associate in the Institute of Medicine Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. She received her undergraduate degree in art history from the University of Maryland. She has also been involved with the IOM committees that produced Organ Procurement and Transplantation; Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures; Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dioxin Exposure and Type 2 Diabetes; Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2000; and Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dioxin Exposure and Acute Myelogenous Leukemia in the Children of Vietnam Veterans.
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Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Ground Beef: Review of a Draft Risk Assessment ANNA B. STATON, MPA, is a research assistant in the Institute of Medicine Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Ms. Staton joined IOM in December 1999 and has worked with the committees that produced No Time to Lose: Getting More from HIV Prevention and Agent Orange Update: 2000. Before joining IOM, she worked at the Baltimore Women’s Health Study. Ms. Staton graduated from the University of Maryland Baltimore County with a BA in visual arts (major) and women’s studies (minor). She earned her master’s of public administration degree in nonprofit management at the George Washington University School of Business and Public Management. ELIZABETH J. ALBRIGO is a project assistant in the Institute of Medicine Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. She received her undergraduate degree in psychology from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. She is currently involved with the IOM Committee on Damp Indoor Spaces and Health and Committee on the Assessment of Wartime Exposure to Herbicides in Vietnam.
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