is responsible for creating products and services tailored to the needs of their company or clients and for working with the NWS to communicate forecasts and warnings that may affect public safety.

This three-sector system has led to an extensive and flourishing set of weather services that are of great benefit to the U.S. public and to major sections of the U.S. economy. However, the system also has a certain level of built-in friction between the public, private, and academic sectors for the following reasons:

  • each sector contributes in varying degrees to the same activities— data collection, modeling and analysis, product development, and information dissemination—making it difficult to clearly differentiate their roles;

  • the sectors have different philosophies of sharing data and models with the other sectors and the general public;

  • advances in scientific understanding and technology permit new user communities to emerge and change what the sectors are capable of doing and want to do; and

  • all members do not share the same expectations and understanding of the proper roles and responsibilities of the three sectors.

Some level of tension is an inevitable but acceptable price to pay for the excellent array of weather and climate products and services our nation enjoys. But the frictions and inefficiencies of the existing system can probably be reduced, permitting the three sectors to live in greater harmony.

At the request of the NWS, the Committee on Partnerships in Weather and Climate Services was established to undertake the following tasks:

  • Examine the present roles of the public, private, and academic sectors in the provision and use of weather, climate, and related environmental information and services in the United States.

  • Identify the effects that advances in observing, modeling, forecasting, and information dissemination technologies may have on the respective roles of the public, private, and academic sectors.

  • Examine the interface between the various sectors, identify barriers to effective interaction, and recommend changes in policies or practices that could improve the potential for providing weather and climate information.

  • Make recommendations regarding how to coordinate the roles most effectively among the various sectors.

Advances in science and technology are driving the evolution of the weather and climate enterprise. As little as a decade ago, federal govern-

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