HISPANICS IN THE UNITED STATES: A DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC OVERVIEW

Growth of the Hispanic Population in the United States

In 2000 there were 35.3 million Hispanics in the United States, a 58 percent increase over the 22.4 million Hispanics recorded by the Census Bureau in 1990 (Census Bureau 2001 [1], Census Bureau 2001 [2]). This increase follows an increase of 53 percent in the United States Hispanic population between 1980 and 1990 (National Council of La Raza 2001). In 1990 Hispanics represented about 9 percent of the population. By 2000 the representation of Hispanics had grown to 12.5 percent (Census Bureau 2001 [1]). In 2050 it is predicted that Hispanics will represent one out of every four persons in the United States, up from about one in eight today (Census Bureau 2001 [3]).

While United States Hispanics of Mexican origin make up the largest segment of the country’s Hispanic population, those with origins in other Spanish-speaking countries and regions are also strongly represented among United States Hispanics (Census Bureau 2001 [1],) Table A presents the distribution of United States Hispanics by country of origin.

TABLE A Distribution of U.S. Hispanics by Type, from Census 2000

 

U.S. Hispanic Population

Total U.S. Population

Total Number

35.3 million

281.4 million

Percentage

100%

100%

Mexico

58.50%

7.30%

Puerto Rico

9.60%

1.20%

Cuba

3.50%

Other Hispanic

28.40%

3.50%

Dominican

2.20%

Central America

4.80%

Salvadoran

1.90%

 

Guatemalan

1.10%

 

Honduran

0.60%

 

South America

3.80%

Colombian

1.30%

 

Ecuadorian

0.70%

 

Peruvian

0.70%

 

Spaniard

0.3%

Other

17.30%

2.10%

 

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau

Growth of Hispanic Population by State

When looking at increases in the Hispanic population by state over the last decade (including both immigrant and non-immigrant Hispanics), it is clear that the states with traditionally large Hispanic populations continued to show the greatest numerical growth.



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